York St John University Anti

***Alyssa :****

  1. Identify at least 2 theories/ideas from chapters 10 or 11 that you are able to see in the video. Explain why you felt these were displayed in what you saw, and how you feel it was displayed.

From the beginning of the video we can see that discrimination has a strong hold in this classroom. The teacher is talking to the class about how to treat others and that they should treat everyone like their brothers or sisters. However she asks them who do we not treat like that, which ends in the class of these children no older than six or seven begin using racial slurs and describing african americans and people of color. She then proceeds to split the class by eye color blue and brown. She states that blue eyed people are superior to brown eyed people. This was a lesson of stereotyping. She divided the class by something that none of them ever paid attention to before and it was eye opening to her how quickly they turned against one another. She wanted to teach them how nasty discrimination and stereotyping was and how no matter what the scenario the students should not treat people this way.

  1. Jane uses her methodology in the video on both children and adults. Based on what you saw in the video and the reactions people gave while doing her activity, do you feel children or adults were more impacted in regards to how much their thinking changed when thinking about race? Why?

I believe that the children were impacted more than the adults by the activity that Jane used. Children throughout these years are very impressionable and do not really grasp the concept of racism. It is something that is taught, children are not born racist. So when the teacher splits the class by eye color they do not realize the lesson they are being taught or how it connects with racism. Adults however know that there is no difference between someone’s eye color and one color does not make you superior than another. Although they understood what the assignment was, it was too late for them, racism has already been ingrained in their minds. It could be eye opening for the adults though because they should be able to understand how the color of eyes relates to skin color and how it should have no affect on how you treat people.

  1. Describe the basis behind prejudice and discrimination. Explain ways in which these issues can be reduced? Explain how the common reasons for forming relationships can sometimes become negative aspects of prejudice and discrimination.

Prejudice can be a negative attitude or feelings towards individuals solely based on factors such as social status, skin color, culture. Discrimination is actions towards these individuals such as exclusion. Just like the teacher was trying to explain, color does not change who you are nor should it change the way you are treated or treat others. Like I said early racism is taught so if we teach children these types of lessons then we can start turning the tables on prejudice and discrimination. People can also embrace other cultures, if we all try to learn something new about other cultures>> *** Shannon’s response*** The video was very interesting to watch. While I was reading chapter 10, I have found two interesting ideas that I wanted to discuss. They are called discrimination and prejudice. I felt that discrimination and prejudice were displayed in the video to show children and adults that it can cause conflicts. This can play a role in social learning and conformance to group norms. Society can be unfair to one another and no one deserves to be put through that pain. It can be very harmful to others. For example, war, crime, or violence against one another. It’s always good to put yourself in another person’s shoes instead of judging a person based on how they look. It’s wrong to discriminate against other races or colors and it could affect everyone in society. For example, do not hate on others. Everyone should be treated equally. I personally felt that this was displayed for everyone to see how people lack knowledge and information about discrimination and prejudice. This type of behavior can be uncomfortable and bad. Also, it is important for whenever someone sees others being discriminated against or prejudiced against they should help or stop it from happening because they will know how hurtful it could feel. For example, people can become better when they learn how to not discriminate and the possible consequences of it.

The children and adults had a great impact in regards to what they have learned about discrimination, prejudice, or racism. But I believe that adults were mostly impacted because they are more understanding and sensible than children. The reason for this is that adults are more likely to be able to perceive and interpret real-life situations and dismissive effects of being discriminated against. For example, they can feel sorry for the black group because after the project with the teacher. For example, they see how hurtful it could be. Also, they can completely comprehend and examine the negative effects due to racial discrimination. Most importantly, it will be useful for them to support the black community more because they are “adults”. For example, they have more ability to help one another than children which means that they are more impacted on the project Jane uses in her methodology.

Prejudice is a bad and detrimental attitude conducted to a particular group or person without a valid reason or purpose. On the other hand, discrimination is unfair and improper behavior or actions towards a particular person or group of people. This is to show that Prejudice can form into discrimination. They are both wrong behaviors for people to conform to and do in society. Ways in which these issues can be reduced is by taking a course on prejudice and discrimination, treating each other the same, confronting prejudice and discrimination, advocating, evaluating your own biases, opening and accepting yourself, educating yourself about diversities, being kind, having policies and laws to prevent, discrimination and prejudice. Another important thing is to stand up for your rights and what you believe is right instead of conforming to many people. The common reasons for forming relationships and sometimes become negative aspects of prejudice and discrimination is when a person wants to accept to a particular group they want to feel fit in and continually have a durable relationship. This then could lead to us forgetting about what we stand for our individuality and what we truly stand for by conforming to their liking and beliefs. This is the cause of why we experience and see a lot of discrimination or prejudice occur in society. For example, this is an extensive spread issue that is still happening today. If we honestly and authentically want to stop these problems we have to stand and accept our own beliefs and preferences and be wide open to different diversities. *** Jannette’s response *** Hello Professor and Classmates,

1. From the first article on video games, given what the article states and what we have previously discussed in the course, do you feel we as a society should be more restrictive of video games and who can access them (and/or at what ages)? Explain why you support, or do not support, restrictions.

With respect to the effect of violence in these games I see the issue of the appropriateness of video game as a slippery slope. There is evidence on both sides of this debate. Although the American Psychological Association (APA), have concluded that playing violent video games can cause behavioral issues, there is not an overall agreement on if they do. I believe there should be age restrictions to limit exposure (much like pornography, smoking, drinking); and stiff penalties should be imposed as a deterrent to vendors. There may not be evidence that shows violent video games as a cause of aggressive acts – the fact that they have the potential should be sufficient – i.e., smoking may cause cancer in some but not others. The risk remains.

2. Do you think that since Kitty Genève’s case, and the awareness of the bystander effect in social psychology has made an impact on how people react to situations when someone is in distress but is surrounded by people?

I think people’s reaction in these situations will vary depending on where the incident occurs. Studies show that if people are in large groups, they are more likely to avoid taking responsibility because they think that someone else there will take responsibility. Interestingly, studies also indicate that people in small towns seem to be willing to help others out more than people in large cities. So, to some extent, even though they have an awareness of the bystander effect due to the large number of people constantly around in large cities, people are less likely to take responsibility for helping someone out (also known as diffusion of responsibility).

3. From the article on double dates, what theories that we have discussed thus far in the course could be applied? Explain how.

Theories that could be applied to the double date scenario is (i) theory of self-presentation in the way in which each couple present themselves to control how they are perceived by the other couple. The self-disclosure process that was expected to be use on these dates would create a pressure to perform a particular version of themselves, especially since it would be face-to-face communication where feedback from the other person would influence their behavior. These couples would be high scoring on the self-monitoring scale, paying attention to, monitoring, and adjusting their behavior when necessary. In some way, self-serving bias may also apply – if the date was successful, they would attribute to personal factors; a failed date may then be a result of situational/external factors (other couples’ shortcomings).

4. In the last article (featuring brain scan research) it is discussed that an upcoming article they will be publishing will take the same methodologies, but instead be focused on rejection of love. Do you think they will find similar or different findings? Explain why you feel this way based on what you have learned in the course thus far.

I think that use of the new methodologies to focus on rejection of love would yield similar results. I say this because rejection and the fear of losing our partner can have a snowball effect of mixed emotions: increases anger, anxiety, depression, jealousy and sadness – all of which (as noted in the article) also plays an instrumental part in the way ‘new love’ affects the brain. The article compares love to an ‘addiction’ of sorts; with rejection that euphoric state/feeling would suddenly be withdrawn and the brain would process as such.



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