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2-3 PAGES DOUBLED SPACED. PICK A PROMPT.

This analysis paper encourages you to become a critical observer of interpersonal communication skills by conducting an analysis of a Modern Love story. Modern Love originated in 2004 as a New York Times column cataloging real, personal love stories for the public record. In the column (which has become a book and a popular series), “love” means a lot of things to the people who share their experiences—the trials of midlife marriage, the strains of parenthood, self-love in contexts of loneliness, the loss of loved ones.

Your job is to pick one of the tales of love (either an episode from the Modern Love series available on Amazon Prime Video or one of the essays in the Modern Love book you’ll find in the Resources folder—your choice) and critically analyze it using at least two major theories or concepts from the readings/chapters in the second half of the course (e.g., Knapp or Baxter’s models of relational dynamics, conflict styles, triangular theory of love, emotional labor, emotional fallacies, four horsemen, communication climate…you have a lot of options!). What you choose is up to you, but the success of your analysis depends on being thoughtful about your choices with respect to the story you are analyzing, so you will want to view/read the story and take notes on your observations before selecting the theories/concepts you’ll use.

You may choose one of the two following prompt options to follow for your paper.

PROMPT ONE: The Plot Prompt

In an introduction, briefly identify and summarize the episode or essay chapter so your reader has a general idea of the overall story. End with a thesis statement about your application of two major interpersonal communication theories or concepts used in your analysis.

For each of the interpersonal communication theories/concepts you have chosen, consider how they figure into the plot and/or development of the characters.

Describe how both theories/concepts apply to the story. Be specific as you describe the character(s) and/or event(s) where each theory/concept is demonstrated (using subconcepts where necessary).

Evaluate how the story reflects the theories/concepts (consider what the story illustrates in terms of each theory/concept, or what putting them together helps you uncover. (Hint: This step will help you come up with your thesis statement).

Analyze the consequences of the theories/concepts (and/or their connection) in your analysis. For example, consider short-term and long-term consequences to the character(s) and/or plot (think beyond what you saw/read in the story). Take a position and explain, with evidence, WHY you believe as you do.

In a conclusion, summarize your insights regarding interpersonal communication as demonstrated in the story. What are the major lessons to be learned, especially via your analysis?

PROMPT 2: The Character Prompt

In an introduction, briefly identify and summarize the episode or essay chapter so your reader has a general idea of the overall story. Identify ONE CHARACTER who, if this person were real, would benefit from taking COMM 120. End with a thesis statement about at least two interpersonal communication theories/concepts that you believe this person would benefit from learning; you will develop a rationale for your claim in the body of your paper.

For each of the interpersonal theories/concepts you believe this one character should learn:

Identify a specific interpersonal communication skill or competence that the theory or concept would help this person foster.

Describe specific examples from the story which demonstrate weakness in the identified skill or competence area. Your reader should be able to picture the weakness from your description.

Explain what you would teach this person, and why. Use appropriate terms from the text (e.g., subconcepts from the theory), and support your recommendations with clear and logical reasoning.

Analyze how the skill or competence, if developed, would change the person’s character and/or affect the plot of the story. Consider short-term and long-term outcomes (think beyond what you saw/read in the story).

In a conclusion, summarize your insights regarding interpersonal communication as demonstrated in the story. What are the major lessons to be learned?

Your paper (whether you follow Prompt 1 or 2) should be typed, double-spaced, and around 1,000 words. The largest portion of your paper should be devoted to your analysis. Your paper should have a clear introduction and conclusion. It should also have a clear point, meaning somewhere near the beginning you should have a thesis statement that clearly explains the point you will make in the paper (you may not know this right away). Any material drawn from outside of your own head should be cited in the paper.

THE THEORIES ARE BELOW THIS!

Emotional labor is an important concept that gets relatively short shrift in Interplay. While the textbook chapter touches on its instrumental importance in some occupations, there is another set of considerations we should have when discussing the value–and costs–of emotional labor. For these reasons, I’ve included in your reading for the week the first chapter of Arlie Hothschild classic work, The Managed Heart: Commercialization of Human Feeling. Hochschild coined the term “emotional labor,” and–as you’ll observe as you read–it was meant to recall Karl Marx’s theory of labor for a new, service-based labor economy in the late 20th century. For Hochschild, emotional labor “requires one to induce or suppress feeling in order to sustain the outward countenance that produces the proper state of mind in others–in this case [on an airline], the sense of being cared for in a convivial and safe place.” Hochschild is interested in how the service economy facilitates the alienation of workers from emotional expression through its valuation on the job. While emotional labor can be a good thing in some contexts, what are its costs–personally and socially? To what degree can we say emotional labor is exploited? How is emotional labor distributed socially (e.g., on the basis of gender, or race)? How does the prevalence of emotional labor in the economy affect our ability to express and manage our private emotions? How does it change our understanding of “labor” and “emotion”? These are just some of the questions Hochschild poses for us.

Because the term has entered popular consciousness in the past few years (in part, due to the prevalence of the gig economy and informal work arrangements), there has been some misapplication of her original use of the term. For this reason, I’ve also included in your reading this week a recent interview where she clarifies some misconceptions.

art of assessing the contexts of listening in relationships requires understanding the dynamics of your relationships in the first place. The concept of “relational dynamics” describes how interpersonal relationships start, maintain, transform, and end. In interpersonal communication theory, there are two primary relationship models: developmental relationship models and dialectical relationship models. These models seek to explain the nature of relationship development and maintenance, but they do so from different perspectives. Both are useful in some ways and not in others. These models are helpful in organizing how to think more generally about relationship formation and maintenance.

As noted in Interplay, developmental models assume that the nature of relationships changes drastically over time, and that there are certain distinct phases in every relationship. Dialectical models do not ascribe to this idea of relational stages and instead focus on the constant ebb and flow of relationships, and the idea that relationships are not linear, they are making, remaking, and breaking all the time. It is best to understand these models not as opposing, but as complementary—they both tell us something valuable from different vantage points about relationships. In the following lecture, I’ll zoom in on each model in turn, as well as a few criticisms where applicable, and what they do help us understand the dynamics of interpersonal relationships. Remember again that these models are referring to generic intimate or friendly relationships, so they do not account for relationship roles (such as family or work relationships), context, issues of power, and some of the other things we’ve talked about that affect relationship formation and maintenance.

Next comes the bonding stage. In the bonding stage, couples make symbolic commitments to one another, showing the world that they truly are committed. For adults, the public gesture of commitment is usually some type of marriage ceremony. Part of the frustration communicated by gay marriage advocates prior to it being legalized was related to the bonding stage—the desire to have access to the quintessential symbolic commitment in Western relationships, a legally recognized marriage. But, the bonding stage is also illustrated in other ways. Teens and young adults who can’t get married make similar public gestures such as giving promise rings, changing their Facebook relationship status, appearing in public together at rituals like prom, getting matching tattoos, and so on. With this stage, you should be thinking about how it connects with cultural rituals and symbols, and also the role of language. Psychological research studies have illustrated that publicly announcing relationships does increase the odds people will stay together, in some part due to psychological discomfort of being wrong, and the self-monitoring we do in the maintenance of our self-image. If you tell people, “Jackie and I will be together forever,” and then you divorce or break up, it makes you look bad! Self-image plays a huge role in why people stay in bad relationships, or why they hang onto stock they’ve invested in even when it’s tanking beyond repair.

The next stage in relational development is kind of ironic because at the height of our commitment to another person, at the time when we’ve obligated ourselves to that person in the most serious way, we decide we need our space. According to the developmental model, it is at this point that the differentiating stage has begun. It’s important to note that differentiating isn’t a bad thing; it’s actually a good way to stave off codependency, which is an unhealthy reliance on another person. Managing differentiation is the most important part of any long-lasting relationship. The key to successful differentiation is to maintain a commitment to the relationship while nurturing your individual interests at the same time. If you differentiate successfully, more than likely you’ll stay together. If you don’t, you’ll find yourself in a deteriorating relationship.

If that’s you, the actual first move in the coming apart phase is the circumscribing stage. In this stage, communication becomes routine, static, and uninvolved. For example, instead of talking about a problem with your partner, you might choose to ignore it because discussing or arguing takes time and energy.

In the next stage, stagnating, communication becomes nothing more than practical—your other communicative needs stop being addressed by this relationship. There are typically two reasons people in the stagnation stage communicate: to coordinate activities (such as their children’s soccer games, rides to school, birthdays, or household chores), or to make requests or demands (like asking for money or to borrow the car). Obviously, even though a stagnant relationship isn’t fulfilling your other communicative needs (emotional, intellectual, physical, and so on), that doesn’t mean you don’t still have them and want them met. For instance, if you feel like you have made an effort to fix the relationship and the other person has not, you might get angry or experience feelings of deprivation. If you feel like the other person has let you down by becoming too needy, physically unattractive, or uninteresting, you might experience feelings of disgust or loathing toward them. Either way, you will typically start to avoid the other person while in the stagnation stage.

Avoiding is final stage of a deteriorating relationship before someone finally breaks it off. Again, this pattern of coming apart is not inevitable. Communication is only one of many factors that contribute to relationships lasting or ending.

DIALECTICAL TENSIONS MODEL

Not quite a model per se, the dialectical tensions perspective on relationships is attributed to Leslie Baxter and Williams Rawlins. Whereas developmental models like Knapp’s, which we just discussed, argue that relationships occur in distinct stages, a dialectical perspective assumes that communication struggles occur throughout relationships in a nonlinear way. From the dialectical perspective, communicators in intimate romantic or close-friend relationships in any stage face inevitable incompatibilities, called dialectical tensions, both internally (in the relationship) and externally (looking outward from the relationship) that must be resolved if relational satisfaction is to be achieved.

First, dialectical theorists argue that in every relationship there exists an integration-separation dialectic in which participants struggle between connecting with their partners versus maintaining their own autonomy and including others in their relationship versus secluding themselves from interference. Our simultaneous desire to relate and spend time with others, and to maintain our own identity and spend time alone, can cause problems for two reasons. First, the need for connection and autonomy differs from person to person. How much time do you like to spend alone, and how much time do you like to spend with someone you love? How much input do you like to get from your family on how to raise your children, and how much do you want to just try things out on your own? So, everybody has different social and identity needs; however, be aware that our needs change over the course of our lives and over the course of relationships.

The second dialectical tension that occurs in every relationship is finding balance in the stability-change dialectic. Internally, on one hand, we need to be able to predict others’ behavior to some degree. If you bring your significant other over to your parents’ house for dinner, you want to be reasonably sure that they’ll compliment your mom’s or dad’s cooking regardless of how it tastes. On the other hand, there also needs to be an element of novelty in our relationships. If you know exactly what your boyfriend or girlfriend, husband or wife, or even best friend is going to say or do before they do it, where is the growth and fun for you? Externally, we have to deal with our differing desires for our relationships to follow cultural conventions and to seem unique and special to others. In this way, relationships are like movies—if you knew the ending, would you still want to go see it as much?

Third, all relationships are characterized by an expression-privacy dialectic. Can you use the bathroom in front of your significant other? Depending on where you fall on this dialectic internally, you might think that is great for your relationship, or you might think that is something that should always be private. Even regular friends struggle between being too open or too private. Externally as a couple, you might struggle with how much of your relationship you reveal to others and how much you keep concealed.

PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER

So, what do these different relationship perspectives and models do for us and not do for us? I want to revisit Knapp’s developmental model for a moment. As I mentioned at the beginning of this lecture, relationships don’t have to end: stagnating doesn’t always lead to avoiding, and avoiding doesn’t always lead to terminating, and even couples who terminate their relationship can decide to start over. My friends Jack and Ashley met in elementary school, dated the last two years of high school and the first year of college, they broke up and dated other people for a few years, and now they are getting married. Relationships are not stagnant; they are not even cyclical. If you have a big life change with your partner, you might have to go from bonding back down to experimentation and work your way back up. The model gets critiqued for implying that relationships are linear, but you should understand these stages more as guidelines because they build on each other. We can skip stages and jump around, and for long-lasting relationships, you should plan on going through these different stages multiple times!

Another thing to remember is that each time you experience a stage, it will be different than the last time because you are different. For example, in a romantic relationship, you might go through the intensifying stage for the first time while dating and experience it as mostly physical and reckless. As the relationship goes on (and you integrate, bond by getting married, and then differentiate by falling into the young married couple’s lifestyle of work and hanging out at night with friends), you might experience the intensifying stage again in a new way after having kids or buying a house together. But now, you’re both older, have more responsibility and stress, and your body is more worn. So while physical intimacy is a part of your renewed intensity, it will look and feel different. Perhaps instead your emotional and intellectual intimacy are what intensifies more strongly.

Developmental models give us a good framework for thinking about the big picture movement of our relationships, while the dialectical perspective helps us understand the more micro-processes of relationship maintenance. Taking the two together, you should now have a better sense of how all the things we’ve been talking about so far work together to form, sustain, and dissolve our interpersonal relationships.

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YOU MUST HAVE InDesign TO OPEN UP TEMPLATE. YOU DO NOT HAVE TO USE THE TEMPLATE IF YOU DONT WANT TOO OR CANNOT OPEN IT UP.

SEND THE FINAL DOCUMENT IN A PDF!

OPEN THE ATTACHMENTS TO READ THRU THE ASSIGNMENT!

Students are to select one (1) current event or relevant topic which we ties to a concept we have discussed throughout our marketing class (e.g., new sport products, use of marketing research, pricing of sport products, sponsorship, etc.). This topic is entirely up to you. • Students will write a mock Sports Business Journal article using either Adobe InDesign or formatted in word to look like the Adobe InDesign template. • A template has been provided for you to help with text and use of images. If you are already skilled in InDesign, you can play with the template as you wish but this is not required. • Your article should accomplish the following: • Introduce and address a key area within sports which ties to your marketing theme shown above. • Articulate not only a summary of the issue, but expand with other relevant research, key insights, and strategic recommendations. • As with most projects in marketing, start out by thinking about your reading audience. What area does this fall within? If industry members are reading this article, what do you want them to get out of it? • Include links to at least three (3) other articles within SBJ that would be relevant or helpful to your reader. These links and article titles should be placed in the section “More To Explore” as noted in your template. • The template provides suggested length, but if you need to remove or add pages that is up to you; however, please ensure your content adequately tells your story (e.g., it should be longer than at least one page). • For ease of developing your article, I suggest writing your text out in word and then copying and pasting it into the template when complete. • Make sure to find relevant images for your article. Those included in the template are just placeholders. • Your presentation must include implications that are your own original thought – why does this matter? What would you do? What do you think will happen? You article should NOT only summarize the topic. • Please save your presentation with your first and last name so it shows up in the file name. All files should be saved or exported as PDFs for me to view the final deliverable.

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Original Post:

With the rise of the Industrial Revolution in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the world was introduced to what is and was known as Capitalism. Beginning in England then spreading to Continental Europe then later North America, the Industrial Revolution brought what was then small scale production to mass production. From our readings we see that technological evolutions of things such as steam power, iron and steel production, the coal industry and textile industries were major advances that eventually lead to Capitalism. The main aim was to maximize profits for factory owners. There were basically two class types in those days and those were the rich and the poor. I would argue that there really wasn’t what we refer today as a “middle class”. While most people believe that the rise of capitalism was a great thing, there were both advantages as well as disadvantages of this type of economy. Many advantages were the shift from rural villages to major cities and towns where factories were built, opportunities for people weren’t limited to farming alone but offered better opportunities for growth in other areas and people became more comfortable due to better communication and transport of mechanized goods. The disadvantages to which my argument here is based, were horrific. Women and child labor was exploited and there were no laws preventing this. People were forced to work in grueling conditions that were not safe as well as extremely long hours each day. Society was also divided into the ‘Haves and Have-Nots’ (Industrial Revolution and the emergence of Capitalism.(2017, April).

From our readings, we see that both Socialism and Communism were and are huge economic factors as well as Capitalism. In Socialism and Communism, factors of production are owned by everyone whereas in Capitalism, they are owned by individuals. Under Capitalism, factors for production are valued for profit whereas in Socialism and Communism, their values are for the usefulness of people. It is my belief that the cons of both Socialism and Communism far outweigh the pros. For example, in a Socialist and Communist economy, people are not rewarded for being entrepreneurial therefore, innovation is simply not there. Government in these two types of economies have way too much power so it seems to be oppressive (Amadeo, K. 2020).

With many types of economies that abound in our world, we can take a look back at Traditional Economies that were based on cultural values and a belief system that relied on fishing, hunting and farming. Many of these Traditional Economies later evolved into what are called Mixed Economies that were tied to Capitalism, Socialism and Communism. These Traditional Economies were heavily impacted by these other economy types that use up their natural resources and this is one reason the Traditional Economy model faded away. One key thing that interested me about a Traditional Economy was the barter system. This only worked between groups of who didn’t compete with one another. In todays society, this would never work. Could you imagine no currency and just relying on trade alone? I think not, but this is open for debate, of course. The good thing with this type of economy, was there was little to no friction between people and everyone understood their roles as human beings and it was definitely much more sustainable than what we have today. However, there were also disadvantages in that the changes in nature and even weather patterns were realized. Sadly, we saw the erosion of natural resources lessen as Capitalism, Socialism and Communism came into play (Amadeo, K. 2020).

Another great example of how economies work are the strategies on how markets link with one another. We can easily see the profit impact that market strategies have, however, I question whether or not marketing alone is a sure bet when it comes to gaining new business. Companies must have brand identity in order to gain market share. That said, it’s my belief that companies need more than just a marketing department to get those brand identities out to the public and across national borders. My belief is that customer service is more important than marketing because it not only helps build a solid consumer base but also broadens awareness of products, attitudes, experience as well as association. I suppose this could be linked to marketing in a round about way (Markgraf, B. 2018).

Coase’s Theory of the Firm from 1937 is an interesting read on the mindset that he and others had at that time in history. He believed that if firms became bigger and bigger, there would possibly be decreasing returns to an entrepreneur. He also believed that as transactions of firms rise, then an entrepreneur will not meet the standards and make best use of production factors. Basically he stated that at some point, any gains that come from economies of scale will be overpowered by the high costs of bureaucracy. As we moved into the 21st Century, our economies tend to be more value centered than cost centered as they were in the 20th Century. Companies such as Apple, Amazon, Salesforce, Zara and Whole Foods have shifted their attention to competition on the value level by showing consumers how their products will be of greater value to them. From my experience in viewing companies today, I believe in order for companies to survive in todays markets, they must get bigger and bigger rather than stay the same size and somewhat remain stagnant. I think with newer technologies in the 21st Century, we can certainly see how big firms have become more efficient thus putting more influence on value rather than cost (Denning, S. 2013).

Industrial Revolution and the emergence of Capitalism. (2017, April). Himachal Pradesh PCS Free Notes. http://https://himachalpradesh.pscnotes.com/main-notes/paper-iv/industrial-revolution-and-the-emergence-of-capitalism/ (Links to an external site.)

Amadeo, K. (2020, November 7). Socialism and Its Characteristics: Pros, Cons, Examples, and Types. https://https://www.thebalance.com/socialism-types-pros-cons-examples-3305592 (Links to an external site.)

Amadeo, K. (2020, April 6). Traditional Economy With Its Characteristics, Pros, Cons, and Examples. https://https://www.thebalance.com/traditional-economy-definition-examples-pros-cons-3305587 (Links to an external site.)

Markgraf, B. (2018, January 5). The Profit Impact of Market Strategies. https://https://smallbusiness.chron.com/influence-advertising-business-76790.html (Links to an external site.)

Denning, S. (2013, September 25). Did Ronald Coase Get Economics Wrong? https://https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2013/09/25/did-ronald-coase-get-economics-wrong/?sh=2dd50bbe1fb2

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My post:

The business landscape has undergone a tremendous transformation over the years, adopting and abandoning certain elements that shape practices in the corporate world today. The change occurred amidst arguments about whether capitalism and socialism are the best approaches to promote moral business practices. While contemporary literature pities capitalism against socialism, traditional economies best illustrate how business can serve the community. Before the industrial revolution, people had distinct roles based on age and gender, which inspired a sense of community. Even though communities during the pre-industrial era suffered from malnutrition, short life expectancy, and high infant mortality, members enjoyed a greater sense of belonging. This relationship contrasted to that in command economies where a central authority made economic decisions for the community (Cibotti, n.d.). As societies develop, companies refine their operational models and adopt strategies necessary to remain relevant in business.

The capitalistic free-market economies offered individuals the authority to dictate what to produce, sell, or purchase and determine the quantities needed in the market. With the help of prices, these economies provide customers with an incentive to reduce the volume of high-price products while allowing suppliers to shift production to high-priced commodities. Because of prices and other elements of capital economies, there has been increased interconnection between markets globally, fostering trade and the exchange of ideas. Nevertheless, the modern capitalist economy traces its roots to innovations that occurred in traditional economies before the industrial revolution. These innovations contributed to economic progress that created a channel for the revolution to occur, which, in turn, paved the way to the advanced business landscape today. Therefore, changes in the business are necessary to address the evolving economic environment and social values in the world.

While some people might argue technological advancements have negative impacts on consumers in the business world, I believe that the digital platform has improved the relationship between organizations and the public. Innovations have been the backbone of developments in the business market over the years. It is the innovations that inspired the industrial revolution and contributed to the free economies that people enjoy today. The industrial revolution paved the way for advancements in business because it promoted competition among companies and fostered increased trade across the globe. However, the business era has a negative reputation owing to increased unethical corporate practices, such as child labor and hazardous working conditions. Factories prioritized productivity over the wellbeing of employees and consumers, exposing people to health conditions and poverty. Technology advancements meant that the public had greater access to information and influence in business decisions, prompting firms to adopt moral practices to remain profitable.

Technological advancements raise moral issues in the social context of business but their benefits outweigh their dangers. Technologies evoke intense debates regarding the elimination of jobs and loss of security. Over the years, new technologies have eliminated labor-intensive jobs that needed semi-skilled laborers. Additionally, the digital age means increased online storage of sensitive information, exposing private data to security breaches and jeopardizing confidentiality. Even so, technology has created new job opportunities that require people to use their creative skills rather than physical strength. Additionally, it enhances company moral obligations and promotes ethical practices in the social context by fostering greater transparency and consumer engagement in business decisions. Therefore, technology has been integral in the changing business landscape, playing a central role in the evolution of corporate social and economic models.

Reference

Cibotti, J. (n.d.). The privatized-command economy: The financial sector’s ‘free market’veil over a paradoxical form of command economy. command_america_.pdf (d1wqtxts1xzle7.cloudfront.net) (Links to an external site.)

REPLY TO POST:

What a great post and I certainly enjoyed reading it. You have made some very good and valid points so I will only respond to my opinions on the rise of technology that you mentioned throughout your post but especially the latter portion. While I agree with you 100% that technology has changed our world and society and especially our economies across the globe, I have to agree to disagree to a certain extent on certain aspects. As a teacher of 20 years working in the community college system, I’ve seen radical change in the types of students that come into our classrooms. In a sense, technology has ruined them because they were born in an era where they’ve known nothing but technology. In many ways, this is very sad. While many of us who are 40+ years or older, we grew up in a time period where we played outside, had rotary phones, no computers, no cell phones, etc. Times were much more simple when I was a child, however, I am thankful for the advancement of technology. I’ll list some things that technology has had a negative impact on.1. Technology has changed our brain function in that our brains have been rewired in a sense. When we’re stimulated with constant incoming calls, texts, changing internet pages daily, emails, etc. our brains produce more dopamine which causes a short, euphoric sensation that quickly dies and people become bored but addicted to more technology.2. Another way technology has hurt the human race is the lack of communication. Sadly, most people today only make eye contact during conversation 30-60% of the time when in fact they should be making eye contact around 60-70% of the time.3. Technology has made people more isolated in ways that make them want to correspond more with strangers than their own neighbors. Believe it or not, people have gotten to the point that they don’t even wear watches anymore but instead, they look at their phones for the time. 4. Technology also has negative impacts on sleep patterns. People are addicted to technology so much that it has had terrible impacts on the way and amount of sleep that people get daily. This can cause brain fog, tiredness, etc. Our phones can emit enough light at night to make the brain think it’s time to be awake and not asleep.5. Technology also has a negative impact on procrastination. 60% of people surveyed reported a loss in their train of thought when doing social media or answering emails during meetings and work. This can have a huge affect on job performance.6. One big thing that really hit home for me and that I’m extremely guilty of, is that we no longer have to memorize anything anymore because of technology. People don’t remember phone numbers, addresses, appointments, meetings, etc. because all we have to do is plug them into our phones today. I remember a time when I could remember every persons phone number and that is simply not the case anymore. I could go on and on, but for the sake of time, I won’t. While I do agree with you that technology has been integral in changing the business landscape and playing a huge role in the evolution of corporate and economic models, for human beings, it does have many negative impacts as well (Alender, S. 2014).Alender, S. (2014, October 15). 15 Ways Technology Is Making Us Less Human. https://https://wallstreetinsanity.com/15-ways-technology-is-making-us-less-human

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My post:

Government regulation of business receives a negative reception from the corporate world yet collaboration between the two sectors is necessary to mitigate the negative impacts of the lack of regulation on commerce. Companies often oppose government regulations, such as tax levies, that might appear to limit their profitability or obstruct seamless operations. Indeed, some government laws might be outdated and, thus, fail to reflect the changes in society. Others could discourage technology advancements and innovations, such as data restrictions hindering research, which could improve the public’s wellbeing (Silberberger & Koniger, 2016). While archaic policies impede economic development, regulation is necessary to foster healthy competition among businesses and protect consumers from exploitative practices.

Governments should restrict economic freedom to develop a level environment for businesses and protect consumers from exploitation. Silberberger and Koniger (2016) claim that a good regulatory framework can improve productivity by allowing companies to operate efficiently. However, while businesses recognize their responsibility to society, they might favor increasing profitability to maintain their position in the market. As they develop strategies to optimize profitability, they might violate laws, abuse labor, or damage the environment. For this reason, there is a need for government involvement in business to guarantee fair competition among companies, safeguard workers’ wellbeing, and protect the environment.

A government can restrict economic freedom in the case where business threatens to harm the environment and the public. It can promote business by providing organizations with financial support or advice in the international economic landscape. Additionally, regulations are beneficial to the public because they allow the government to establish safety policies that protect them from harm. However, when regulating economic freedom, policymakers should avoid overregulation to the extent of impeding national growth.

Reference

Silberberger, M., & Koniger, J. (2016). Regulation, trade and economic growth. Economic Systems, 40(2), 308-322.

Reply from classmate:

  • Once again, you have a great post, so thank you. I do agree with almost every aspect of your writing. Being a business owner myself in the salon industry, I’ve seen how burdensome over regulation can be. In my 22 years in the cosmetology industry both in the salon as well as cosmetic art schools, I’ve watched more and more regulation come in the form of massive change within our industry, especially here in North Carolina. While regulation is needed in order to keep licensure in place, it has become simply too much. In the case of other businesses as you mentioned, there are many pros such as protection of human rights, safer working conditions, environmental protections etc. However, many times the cons outweigh the pros, in my opinion. I’ll list some cons that I think are significant below. 1. Small businesses suffer the most from too much regulation that is many times reflected in fees and costs to the business owners.2. Larger amounts of administrative work on small businesses in the form of local, state and federal mandates that require certain permits, licenses, documents, inspections, reports, etc.3. Too much regulation can hurt competitiveness within a country because people feel as if there is no need to compete when they’re going to face scrutiny due to high regulation.4. Over regulation can be both time consuming as well as costly for many businesses. 5. Regulation can cause a sense in the lessening of freedoms within a business. 6. People will simply not tolerate certain regulations and therefore do things illegal which can end up negatively impacting a business and its operations. Many times regulations are not designed well and therefore may cause more harm than good to a business as well as a businesses reputation at a local, state, national or even global level. I have seen regulation slow innovation as well as technological advances. While regulation is an important factor that must remain in place, we should take a stronger look into how politicians can implement regulation without the negative impacts, especially on small businesses (O”Rourke, P.J. 2020).O”Rourke, P.J. (2020 n.d). 26 Crucial Pros & Cons of Regulation. https://https://environmental-conscience.com/government-regulation-pros-cons/
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In summary, the basic idea is for you to write on some specific aspect of one of the issues at hand (choose from list below) that you believe calls for further scrutiny.

  

Historical Context of Economic Systems, Trade, and Business   in Society

  • On Exchange, Specialization and Trade
  • Historical Evolution of Trade and Business
  • Emergence and Consequences of Capitalism
  • Capitalism and its early critics
  • Innovation and Economic growth under capitalism vs.   under other economic systems.

J.S.   Mill On Liberty

Marx   & Engels’ Communist Manifesto

 

Different Perspectives on Business Firms

  • Why do firms exist?
  • Trade, the firm and the circular flow of income.
  • The firm as a nexus of contracts.
  • Competition, entrepreneurship and profit maximization
  • The role of the firm in economic growth and economic   progress

R.   Coase’s “Theory of the Firm” from Economica

Excerpt   of “Who Gets What and Why” by Alvin Roth

Fontaine   et al. on The Stakeholder Theory

 

On Economic Systems and the Incentives Facing the   Firm

  • Feudalism, Theocracies, Communist Systems, Fascist   Systems, etc.
  • On the Universal Failure of Utopian Economic Systems
  • On Property Rights and and Rule of Law in Pure Free   Market Capitalism
  • Mixed Capitalist Economies
  • Incentives and the Economic Behavior of Businesses in   Different Economic Systems
  • Case:Venezuela

Niskanen’s   “ Undemanding Ethics of Capitalism” Cato   Journal 2009

The   US Bill of Rights

Wikipedia   Article on Economic Systems

 

Different Approaches to Prescriptive and Descriptive   Ethics

  • What is the role of ethics in society? What is the role   of ethics in personal relations, market arrangements, institutions,   organizations, the economy, the legal system, etc.?Ethical Relativism
  • Consequentialism and Utilitarianism
  • Deontology and Rules Based (or Principles Based) Ethics
  • Virtue Ethics 
  • New Approaches based on insight from Moral Psychology   and Behavioral Economics

Web   links to readings on Normative Ethics.

Haidt’s   Article on the “Social Intuitionist Approach to Moral Judgment” Psychological Review 2001

Haidt   on “The Moral Emotions” from the Handbook of Affective Sciences

Ariely,   Introduction

 

Ariely’s Honest Truth About Dishonesty I 

  • Moral Philosophy vs. Moral Psychology
  • The simple model of rational crime (SMORC).
  • Ariely on fun with the fudge factor; honesty &   cheating in golf. Conflicts   of Interest: Blinded by Our Own Motivations. 
  • Ego Depletion: Why We Blow it When We are Tired
  • Social Signals: Wearing Fakes, Self-Image and Cheating.
  • Cheating ourselves: Self-Deception and Dishonesty
  • Creativity and Dishonesty
  • Ariely’s Semi-Optimistic Ending: People Don’t Cheat as   Much as One Might Expect

Ariely,   Chapters 1-5

 

Ariely’s Honest Truth About Dishonesty II

  • Cheating as an Infection: How We Catch the   Dishonesty Germ
  • Collaborative Cheating: Why Two Heads Aren’t   Necessarily Better Than One

Ariely,   Chapters 6-10

 

Implications of Ariely’s Arguments for Business,   Government, and Society

  • What can business do to promote honesty within itself   and in dealing with customers and the public.
  • Who guards the guardians?
  • Ethics of Capitalism
  • Stakeholder view of Business Ethics
  • Who guards the guardians?
  • Market Failures such as Externalities and Public Goods
  • Destructive Competition and Business Fraud
  • Government Oversight and Government Failure

Ariely,   Full Book

Ariely   blog

 

On the Moral Obligations of Business

Friedman’s   “The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits” from NYT   Magazine 1970.

Niskanen’s   “Undemanding Ethics of Capitalism” from the Cato Journal 2009.

Freeman   and Dmytriyev’s “Corporate Social Responsibility and Stakeholder Theory” from   Symphonia 2017

 

On Government Regulation of Business and the Limits   to Economic Freedom

The US Bill of Rights

J.S. Mill (1859) On Liberty

Crews, Clyde W. Ten   Thousand Commandments 2019, Competitive Enterprise Institute, 2019

Winston, Clifford. Government Failure vs. Market Failure.  AEI & Brookings, 2006.

 

Business, society and the coronavirus

 

On the likely aftermath and long term effects of   the coronavirus outbreak on business and society

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On the social obligations and charitable activities of business

Different people have very different ideas about the general social obligations of business.

On the one side, Milton Friedman argued that the most important social obligation of business was simply to be profitable. He maintained that all other goals had to be considered secondary. As Friedman saw it, businesses are set up specifically by their owners to achieve business goals which cannot be achieved without profits. A business that loses money cannot meet its obligations to its owners, to its employees, or even to the government in terms of taxes. While Friedman felt that philanthropy and social goals were fine for businesses, he argued that those could never be achieved anyway unless the business was first profitable. On the other side, some proponents of the stakeholder view of business argue that businesses have equal obligations to all stakeholders, including bystanders and society at large, and thus that profits should not be the primary goal of business.

Those kinds of underlying differences in attitudes towards the social obligations of business notwithstanding, it is certainly true that many businesses see the prepping up of their social reputations as an important aspect of their marketing strategies. Touting specific charities and other forms of philanthropy, espousing environmental concerns, or supporting social outreach programs can affect good will and sales. Thus, the businesses who most promote their philanthropy and social responsibilities may also just be trying to maximize their profits using all the tools at their disposal. Indeed, it seems that the businesses who are the most likely to be affected by their social reputations are often also the ones most likely to tout their social responsibilities.

In this context, your assignment is first to identify some specific recent business philanthropic and social endeavors (including charity support, environmental actions, social outreach and/or community support, etc.) Next, your task is to carefully consider the full motivations of these efforts and their likely impact on the bottom line for the businesses in question and for society at large.

The examples that you select should be clearly identified with references at the end of your answer.

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Marketing proposal to increase kid traffic to increase revenue for the Hamlet Depot and Museum in Hamlet NC. Here are some notes and resources so far. Just need to write up 1-2 pages of ideas/suggestions. Only my part below.

Hamlet Depot and Train Museum 

Executive Summary:  Hamlet Depot and Train Museum (HDM) is a historic landmark which encompasses three buildings- the Visitor Center, the Depot and the Tornado building. It also owns the grassy knoll which has a shelter in Main St. Park across the street. Increase revenue and increase marketing. 

Current Situation –HDM is a 501c(3) foundation run by a Board of Directors of 15-20 members. Each member volunteers 4 hours a month of service and provides coverage of the museum from 1-5pm on weekends so that the building can remain open. The city pays an employee (Mechelle) to provide all services at the HDM 8 to 5pm M-F. Interns are possible but have not been explored. 

Mechelle works in the visitor center and the bathrooms that thru-traffic use are housed there as well. It is a fairly busy spot for thru-traffic traveling to the beach especially in summer months. The Gift shop which is a major source of revenue is unmanned, but a sign is on the door to contact her if people want to make purchases. That would require them coming from the Depot to the Visitor Center. The same holds true if they would like a tour. 

Currently, the upstairs has three city offices renting the top floor of the depot for businesses. The rotunda in the Depot is available for event rentals. There is a $150 event fee and third party liability insurance between $100-200 based on number of attendees and alcohol. Alcohol is brought in if caterer being used has a liquor license. Typically people use Seaboard Station. Also available for events is access to wifi, podiums, PA system, projector, TV, DVD. Amtrak leases the lobby in the bottom of the rotunda for its waiting room.  

Spencer train station- only roundhouse 

Value- 

Demand- 

Opportunity-  

Constraints 

Current Marketing- virtual tour on website  

STRENGTHS 

WEAKNESSES 

OPPORTUNITIES 

THREATS 

Product & Brand Strategy 

Overall Mission of Train Station and Guiding Principle- look into 501C 

Marketing Objectives 

three main focuses: 

  1. increasing event traffic *** MAIN PRIORITY 
  2. increasing kid traffic – Special events; ie Easter Bunny, Santa Claus, 4th of July, choo choo parties 
  3. increasing revenue from traveler traffic- how does this become the rest stop people stop at and buy things at- gift shop is only revenue source for the 501C that runs the board 

Event Traffic- BIJAY 

Current ResourcesThe rotunda in the Depot is available for event rentals. There is a $150 event fee and third party liability insurance between $100-200 based on number of attendees and alcohol. Alcohol is brought in if the caterer being used has a liquor license. Typically people use Seaboard Station, though others are possible. People usually have a caterer in mind. Also available for events is access to ??wifi, podiums, PA system, projector, TV, DVD. Amtrak leases the lobby in the bottom of the rotunda for its waiting room.  

Finances 

Target Market- weddings, engagements, b-day parties, reunions, retirements; business meetings? Maybe the purchase of a movie screen, trackless train for kids train rides or events, play gym, popcorn machine, vending machine? 

SMART objectives  

Price 

Promotional Strategies food trucks/ Billy Bathgate for local traffic 

Kid Traffic- TAMBREY 

Current Resources- lots of interactive exhibits 

Finances 

Target Market mostly K-2; some middle schools, some birthday parties; Currently have traffic from schools in their own county but could reach out to Moore and Montgomery counties and the SC line is not far;  

SMART objectives  

Price 

Promotional Strategies- Interested in Partnership with National RR on Spring St and Discovery Museum in Rockingham which has a fee- families could make a day of it and cobranding possible 

event calendar- surrounding holiday 

Kids summer camps 

? playscape in main street park 

food trucks/ Billy Bathgate for local traffic 

Traveler Traffic- JASON 

Current Resources– currently people use the bathroom in VC only; no opportunity for getting into the GS easily; lots of games, bandanas, train , t shirt ins shop which is small. She is interested in books 

Finances 

Target Market 

SMART objectives  

Price 

Promotional Strategies ? playscape in Main st park; dog park 

Synopsis of Priorities and Overall Timeline

https://hamlethistoricdepot.org/nearby.html

This is not as serious as it looks. This is a group project in my Marketing class. Their are 4 of us and we separated parts of marketing plan into 4. My responsibility is only to purpose to get more traffic into the depot and museum via kid traffic. I already suggested some options if you look at the notes. It is really just an opinion of options. But this is a REAL place.

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Background: 

There is great discussion and distress around the subject of conservatorship as it relates to people with disabilities. Whether it be people with medical disabilities/pre-existing conditions, or people with a mental health, developmental, intellectual, or sensory disabilities, the experience of being conserved is daunting for many people with disabilities and their loved ones. However, most people remain unaware of the controversy surrounding the topic of conservatorship until recently with the Britney Spears case. For this assignment, your task is to examine and learn how conservatorship affects the lives of people with a variety of disabilities, as well as their families. 

Learning Objectives: 

  1. Students will summarize three references that address the topic of conservatorship and the disability community. 
  2. Students will apply their knowledge of course concepts to the topic of conservatorship.
  3. Students will explore alternatives to conservatorship.
  4. Students will examine the controversies surrounding disability and conservatorship and evaluate their own perspectives on these issues.

Assignment Content Requirements

You are required to complete the following prompts. For each prompt, please write 1-3 paragraphs. 

  1. Summarize and provide your opinion on the controversy of the #FreeBritney (Britney Spears) movement. Explain some of the issues and arguments that you find.
  2. Examine three references on the topic of conservatorship. These references should be a combination of peer-reviewed articles, online sources, or online videos.  In your summaries include key points and arguments. Make sure to cite your sources (include a link to your source) 
  3. How accessible was it for you to find current, understandable information regarding conservatorship and alternatives to conservatorship? Were there resources in other languages? Non-legaleze resources for families? How accessible is information regarding alternatives to conservatorship for immigrant families who speak other languages, or parents with learning disabilities, etc? What barriers did you discover in your search? 
  4. Reflect on what you’ve learned in this course so far and about conservatorship. What are your opinions on the topic? What surprised you? What do you agree or disagree with? 

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Week 3 Discussion – Network Failure

Learn from the resources from this week and any additional references. Use the citation rule. Number the answers. Answer the following questions.

Question 1. Explain three causes of network failure and how to prevent them. Number these causes (e.g. number them as i, ii, iii, etc.) so that I can differentiate these causes in your answer

Question 2. Discuss the ways to test the network to prevent failure.

Question 3. From your research, share one technical tool (either open-source and publicly available or a commercial product) that can be used to prevent network failure. Investigate this tool and share your findings on its purpose, how it might be used. It is not expected for you to be an expert but this gives you an opportunity to explore a tool. For your own interest, you may consider downloading the tool of your choice and explore it further.

Reply to 3 classmates with references.

Here is 1:

Jeffery

  1. Explain three causes of network failure and how to prevent them.

a. Inadequate training – Employees who are not consistently reminded of the pitfalls of neglecting to observe basic cyber security are at a much higher risk of “forgetting something” or “not paying attention”. It only takes one unwitting employee to fall victim to a social engineering scheme or click the wrong link. At minimum, mandatory annual security training, will do wonders for network security. In some cases, such as with technical personnel within most DoD programs, folks are required to obtain a base level cyber security certification, such as CompTia Security+ or ISC2 CISSP.

b. Bad configuration management – When organizations do not keep their hardware drivers operating systems, and software applications up to date, or they don’t keep a detailed inventory of all network devices, they are at great risk of a breach. In time, attackers get really good at breaking into specific versions of software. If those operating systems, drivers, or applications are deprecated and no longer serviced by the vendor’s organization, those packages are often very vulnerable to attack, as there are no longer any patches or updates released for them. The same applies for many network devices. It helps to maintain a proper configuration management schema; know what you have and when it needs to be updated or patched.

c. Vetting employees and vendors / personnel management– While some of the most notorious insiders in history were very trustworthy and highly trusted, (Edward Snowden, anyone?) one cannot overlook the backgrounds of those with whom you do business. The vendor hoping to sell you a brand new security suite might be trying to sell you a brand new way for their criminal organization to wipe yours and your customers’ bank accounts clean. In addition, that person you may like a lot and want to hire could be looking for a new target. It isn’t possible to entirely eliminate the insider threat, but policies such as separation of duties, access control, and rotation of duties, can go a long way in preventing the insider threat.

2. Testing a network is a comprehensive and intensive process. Before one can successfully test a network, some type of configuration management and system accreditation and certification must exist. First, understanding your network’s security needs is paramount. Implementing an organizational certification schema such as NIST, ISO, or CMMI is very helpful in understanding what you must do to first harden your network, then to understand what you must do to keep it hardened. Regular audits by an external entity are more than helpful. Many end-point security packages (anti-virus) are available to test machines daily, and suites such as Splunk are available to analyze patterns in network traffic for anomalies. SCAP and Fortify are also great tools for network and application vulnerability scanning.

3. Tripwire is a configuration management testing tool, which is very useful in automatically testing the security of a system’s configuration. The vast majority of data exposure occurs due to errors made by users and operators in both configuration and practice. Utilizing Tripwire allows an organization to constantly scan networks for improper configurations. This can benefit an organization by telling them that they have a problem before the bad guys find it. However, knowing that you have a problem isn’t enough; you must actually fix it.

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You will create a 3-minute video clip on the topics of Internet Safety or Copyright-based on the information you researched. You will choose one of the following options and develop a product that can be distributed to your students or parents of your future students. Make sure the content is appropriate for the grade level that you choose to develop for this assignment. Include a credits page of resources used in the clip.

Note: The video clip should be no longer than 3 minutes and the file format should be .mov, .mpeg, .mpg, and .mp4.

Option 1

Create a video clip for students informing them on copyright issues and ‘steps’ they should take when completing assignments to avoid plagiarizing.

Option 2

Create a video clip for students informing them about the importance of internet safety and ‘steps’ they should take to stay safe while on the internet.

Option 3

Create a video clip for the school informing the community members of the importance of internet safety. Include strategies and ‘steps’ to stay safe while on the internet.

Steps for this assignment:

QUALITY OF YOUR VIDEO:

The quality of your video is important if you want to engage your audience and help them learn more about your topic. Here are a few tips for producing great video content, which not only engages your audience but can offer other benefits as well:

  • Make your video user-friendly: when writing your text or narrating your video, use conversational language. Research indicates that individuals learn better when multimedia lessons use words in a conversational style rather than formal style (Mayer, 2001).
  • Pace your video: break down the content of your video presentation into chunks (i.e., pieces of information that go well together). Research indicates that individuals learn better when a multimedia lesson is presented in segments rather than as a continuous unit (Mayer, 2001).
  • Use interactive elements: use transition effects to change to a new slide or a new topic. This can help break down the information and assist in the transition of your new topic. But be careful! Too many transitions can be distracting and you might not get your point across!!

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Strategic IT Planning: Your 3-Step Process

Introduction

Strategic IT Planning is required to ensure your resources and assets continue providing the results and the support your organization needs.

What is a Strategic Plan?

It is a roadmap to achieving a goal. It may cover your entire department or responsibility or it may focus on a specific issue or element of your role. It can be long and involved or a simply one-page document that provides guidance and steps you need to implement to achieve a goal.

Making it Happen

There are a few things that are important to your success. While it may seem that developing the Strategic Plan is the hardest part, most plans fail because of the implementation. The key is to keep it small and be successful, then build on that success for the next initiative. Don’t bite off too much or try to be too ambitious.

  • Take your time and keep it manageable
  • Link your plan to your company’s strategy
  • Justify your initiative and get buy-in and support
  • Don’t re-invent, rebuild
  • Go slow, manage change
  • Set aside time from your operational responsibilities to make it happen
  • Without a Strategic Plan, you and your team won’t be effective and you won’t be able to get results, get attention and get ahead.

    Why you need an IT Strategy:

    Redirect from tasks to opportunities and result

  • Switch from fighting fires to preventing fires
  • Reduce risk with planning and a longer view
  • Most Strategic Plans never get written or they fail because they are too involved and complex. Keep them simple and use these three basic steps as your core approach. Ask yourself these questions:

    1. Why do you need to do it? What is your goal?

    2. What are the things you need to get done to achieve your goal?

    3. How can you make those things happen?

    By following the 3 steps above and writing them down, you will have the outline of your Strategic IT Plan. Then, you establish the tactical things that will help you implement your plan.

    Implementation Plan

    Once you have established your strategic plan using the 3-step process, you need to develop your implementation plan. This includes getting approval and resources as well as the steps you need to take to achieve your strategic objective.

    1. Set the objective for each step

    2. Analyze internal/external factors

    3. Develop solutions

    4. Identify and eliminate barriers

    5. Allocate resources (people, time, money)

    6. Develop detailed tasks

    7. Implement your plan!

    Step Implementation

    What Are The Roadblocks?

    How Can You Overcome The Roadblocks?

    What Resources Do You Need?

    What Are The Timelines?

    What Are The Main Steps To Implement Your Plan?

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    Introduction to Disability Studies, Summer II2021

    Assignment Description

    You will write a 4-5 page analytical paper in response to one of the prompts below. The prompts are designed to be a starting point, or an invitation, for your analysis. It will be up to you to generate a specific claim related to the prompt, not simply answer a series of questions.

    Your analytical paper should:

    1. Make a specific claim (concisely explained in a thesis statement) that addresses your chosen prompt;

    2. Support that claim through critical analysis of relevant quotes from course texts;

    3. Provide clear links between textual evidence and claims;

    4. Explain the larger significance or implications of your claim(s); and

    5. Include a Works Cited page with accurate MLA citations.

    Paper Prompts

    Choose one of the following prompts. In crafting your essay, please make sure to quote directly from the textsthat you reference and accurately cite it using in-text citations and a reference page. While the prompts may ask you to define a concept, please keep your summary to a minimum. Remember that the goal of this assignment is to hone your analytical skills.

    1. Normalcy & Ability: Both Lennard Davis and Tobin Siebers explain how ideas about normalcy and ability have historically contributed to ableism: Davis calls this the “hegemony of normalcy” while Siebers calls it the “ideology of ability.” First, explain one of these concepts. Then use that concept to analyze one text other course text. How does the concept help you understand the text? Are there limitations to the concept as an analytical tool? Does the text in some way challenge the concept or illustrate a limitation to the concept?

    2. Disability Activism: Disabled activists and advocates have taken both a rights-based approach and justice-based approach to disability activism. Explain the differences in these approaches and then select one approach to address a disability issue relevant to UNC. Be sure to explain the issue and how/why the approach you have selected is the better response.

    3. Intersectionality: Multiple authors that we have read argue that we cannot understand disability without also examining how disability intersects with other identities and how ableism intersects with other forms of oppression. Citing at least one specific example from our readings, explain the benefits and limitations of an intersectional approach to disability.

    Criterion

    Excellent

    Good

    Adequate

    Marginal

    Content

    25 points (50%)

    25

    20

    17

    15

    Essay contains an exceptional, thorough response to the prompt, with excellent attention to the particular question(s) asked.

    Essay makes a single, organizing claim that is compelling.

    That claim is well-supported by careful analysis of textual examples.

    Essay articulates the significance of the claim.

    Essay contains a good response to the prompt, with attention to the particular question(s) asked.

    Essay makes a single, organizing claim.

    That claim is supported by good analysis of textual examples.

    Essay gestures toward the significance of the claim.

    Essay contains a sufficient response to the prompt, with adequate attention to the particular question(s) asked.

    Organizing claim may be unclear.

    That claim is supported by some textual examples.

    Essay does not explain its significance.

    Essay contains an insufficient response to the prompt, with little attention to the particular question(s) asked.

    Missing or otherwise inadequate organizing claim.

    Any claims are unsubstantiated by textual evidence.

    Essay makes no attempt to explain its significance.

    Organization

    20 points (40%)

    20

    17

    15

    7

    Essay has a very clear plan that fits the prompt and is logically developed.

    Essay has reader-oriented paragraphs that highlight the paper’s points.

    Essay contains clear and logical transitions between ideas.

    Essay has a plan that fits the prompt and is logically developed.

    Paper would benefit from some minor re-organization or improved transitions.

    Some minor issues with paragraph structure (e.g., some cluttered or under-developed paragraphs).

    Paper would benefit from a more clearly defined organizational structure.

    Transitions are unclear or abrupt.

    Multiple issues with paragraph structure (e.g., cluttered or under-developed paragraphs).

    No discernable plan.

    The organization makes the student’s points difficult to comprehend.

    Major issues with paragraph structure.

    No or otherwise inadequate examples.

    Mechanics

    5 points (10%)

    10

    8

    5

    3

    Essay formatting meets course expectations, including a heading, title, page numbers, double-spaced lines, 1” margins, and 12-point font.

    Essay maintains an objective, academic tone.

    Essay contains accurate in-text citations and reference list.

    Essay is free from spelling, punctuation, and grammatical errors. Sentences are clear and well written; paragraphs are fully developed.

    One minor formatting or citation error.

    The tone may have moments that are either too informal, subjective, or cliché.

    A few sentence errors, awkward sentences, or underdeveloped paragraphs.

    Two or more formatting or citation errors.

    The tone throughout is either too informal, subjective, or cliché.

    Multiple sentence errors, awkward sentences, or underdeveloped paragraphs.

    Multiple formatting or citation errors.

    The tone is inappropriate for academic writing.

    Many surface errors, awkward sentences, or underdeveloped paragraphs.

    Total = __/50

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    arning Objective: Apply chapter concepts to discussion of augmented reality as it will affect the future of marketing, in addition to proposing how marketing will be affected in the future due to the pandemic

    Instructions:

    We know that the pandemic has affected individuals in ways that we haven’t even imagined. In what ways do you believe the pandemic will affect BUSINESS? You can focus on marketing, specifically, OR you can focus on your professional industry. 

    • Provide 2 links to a blog post or news article about the pandemic and your chosen industry.
    • Summarize at least 2-3 negative effects of the pandemic for the future of this industry
    • Summarize at least 2-3 positive effects of the pandemic for the future of this industry.
    • Speculate how your chosen industry will have to change or adapt as a result of the pandemic.

    Respond to at least one classmate about AR or the pandemic. Do you agree/disagree? Why or Why not? (can’t do this part until I post mine first)

    Augmented Reality

    AR could be quite impactful for our client and make them stand out in the crowded alcohol space. As Makarov (2021) identifies on MobiDev.com, one of the 2021 trends for AR is in shopping and retail. Since our client wants to open a distillery where patrons can not only try their distilled alcohol but can also buy it by the bottle, this presents a unique opportunity to include AR in their on-site communications. First, the distillery could create a code on their bottles that lets drinks pop up that are regularly served on their menu in the tasting room and describes the flavor profile of each spirit. In addition, on the bar at the tasting room, there could be graphics that allow visitors to dig into the ingredients in their cocktails, especially information on their particular bottles of liquor that can be bought at the on-site store. Better yet, if the particular AR experience the distillery created used information the mobile device already knew about the person to give suggestions on what that customer might like, they could possibly create brand loyalty more quickly.

    Reference

    Makarov, A. (2021). 10 Augmented reality trends in 2021: The future is here. www.mobidev.com (Links to an external site.)

    Pandemic

    Link 1 – https://www.cnbc.com/2021/07/20/rule-breaking-in-bars-in-holland-an-issue-as-covid-rate-soars.html (Links to an external site.)

    Link 2 – https://www.wfmynews2.com/article/news/local/greensboro-bar-owner-moves-out-of-state-due-to-coronavirus-restrictions/83-4bfacce2-a436-4e48-9052-1fde8c18167f (Links to an external site.)

    The negative effects of the pandemic on the spirits and alcohol industry are pretty obvious! As bars have been some of the last places allowed to open back up to full capacity, in-house alcohol sales have plummeted. In addition, it is quite hard to be socially distanced in most bars so even as other venues were able to open, customers may not feel as comfortable as they once were in these social places.

    This does, however, give an opportunity for the alcohol industry to reinvent itself which can certainly be seen as a positive. While bars were not able to be fully utilized during the pandemic, customers were allowed to take containers of alcohol to go. This presents the industry with additional opportunities for advertising as they could provide to-go containers for restaurant and bar customers to help solidify their brand’s presence in peoples’ homes. The down time created in many breweries and distilleries offered owners the time to create new offerings and direct-to-consumer channels that brought their product into consumers homes, as well.

    The alcohol and spirits industry, in general, will have to edit how they communicate with consumers (so as not to lose them when they are in the bars less often). In addition, distillers will need to continue to push for reform within the three tier system (requiring distributors in many states to sell to stores which then sell to customers) which inhibits growth opportunities and makes for a high cost of entry into the liquor industry. Rising tides lifts all ships, as the saying goes, and innovation that is found by one distillers/producer could be used by many across the industry. COVID has taught everyone that innovation and flexibility cannot be overstated in importance!

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    This assignment is designed to help you prepare for the midterm exam by reflecting on how communication has shaped your identity and personal culture. Throughout the five lessons of the semester, we have discussed how humans create patterns of interaction together; how technology shapes our understandings of self, other, and society (Lesson 1); the role of language in (re)producing these patterns (Lesson 2); how these patterns produce a multitude of cultures and privilege (Lesson 3); and how communication shapes our sense of self, self-presentation, and our perception of the world around us (Lessons 4 and 5).

    Your assignment is to apply two course concepts from the five lessons to your own sense of identity or personal culture. You may choose to focus on any aspect of your identity or personal culture, but you must use at least two course concepts, each from different lessons). A concept can come from any course readings and/or interactive lessons, and it should be a clearly identifiable concept that is fully explained, referenced, and applied in your personal life.

    If you are confused whether the concepts you are thinking of writing about will work, you should email your instructor no later than a week before the post is due so you have more than enough time to write the post, spell- and grammar- check it, and properly cite all materials. Emailing during the week of the post due date shows poor preparation on your part, and the instructor may not be able to respond in a timely fashion if you wait to write your post until the week of or two days before the due date.

    1. You must apply two course concepts drawn from the five lessons so far. The two concepts you use should not be from the same lesson.
    2. There’s a three-point requirement here with regard to the concepts: You must clearly define the concept, correctly cite the concept as per the course readings (don’t use the lecture notes! That’s like a Tweet compared to a novel), and offer an explanation in your own words of the concept.
    3. You must have a clear introduction, thesis, preview and conclusion. (Pre-write!!)
    4. You must address and apply the concepts to your life and not discuss them in a detached way.

    Ask yourself:

    • Are these concepts addressed accurately? (Have I explained them well?)
    • Are these concepts addressed adequately? (Have I discussed the concepts in depth?)
    • Do these concepts appear interconnected as explained?
    • Do my examples and overall application of each concept make sense?
    • Does my post read well from beginning to end? (Have I made sure to check for grammatical and/or other proofreading errors?)

    We cling to first impressions.. when something has later on we use confirmation bias based on the first impression (THIS IS THE LESSON IN THE BOOK)

    Two stories one of my walking down street and ppl walking to the other sidewalk because the perception of me based on my skin color ( U HAVE THE FREEDOM TO SPICE IT AND ADD DETAILS)

    The car story with my friend. My newapartment complex saw a black man doing work in the parking lot on his car and a neighbor reported that I was working on my car in the parking lot although I was not outside or even awake at the time (All these are true but you can spice it up)

    Connect it Chapter 4 Perceiving Others ( THIS IS HUGE)

    Talk about common tendencies and judgements and how they stereotype me although I’m a great dude

    ALSO BIG TALK ABOUT HOW MY PRIVATE IMAGE IS DIFFERENT FOR MY PUBLIC IMAGE. IN PRIVATE IM TOO MYSELF, VERY REFLECTIVE AND NOSTAGLIC. Publically I’m open and accepting of everyone. This a course concept so u don’t have to relate it to anything. Just be creative here, give details

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    Article Discussion. Find one online or published article from within 2020 or 2021 (preferably 2021) that adds in some way to the discussion in the assigned chapters from Essentials of Organizational Behavior By: Stephen P. Robbins; Timothy A. Judge. Google Scholar and Google are useful places to search for such articles. Details and a sample is attached.Article Discussion. Find one online or published article from within the last two to three years (preferably the current year) that adds in some way to the discussion in the assigned chapters from Essentials of Organizational Behavior By: Stephen P. Robbins; Timothy A. Judge. The library database (again, preferred) is your most reliable source, but Google Scholar and Google are also useful places to search for such articles.

    You should upload a PDF of the article, along with a discussion of why the article is relevant for the chapter, how it extends one of the concepts in a chapter, and what you found interesting about the article.

    Post original discussion and reply to two of your colleagues with supported responses {APA formatted in-text citations and references}. You should write a minimum of 100 words per post and your contributions should extend the textbook. In other words, you should always have additional research beyond the textbook. Just citing the textbook in an initial posting or a response will elicit minimal points.

    SAMPLE:

    You only need to upload the main article that you are connecting to the concept from the chapter in your initial posting. In your initial posting, you will want to also cite the textbook and concept information (paraphrase) from the textbook so that you are clearly demonstrating how you are extending that concept in the article that you chose. Clarity of communication is a leadership standard that we will cultivate in this course.

    Lastly, in your responses to your colleagues, you are encouraged to have more than one source, although one source is the minimum.

    Note: There are no direct quotes.

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    I’d like you to keep a listening diary for two weeks. Spend fifteen minutes per day listening. How, when, and where you listen will be up to you, granted that you fulfill the below criteria at least once each. Write notes during or after the experience, reflecting on the soundscape and any particular sounds that resonate with or irritate you. Why do certain sounds resonate while others irritate? What connotations do particular sounds/soundscapes have for you? What synaesthetic qualities, if any, do certain listening environments bring on (e.g., do sounds evoke other senses, such as colors or scents or feels)?

    Total of 5 Diary locations or sounds listed below and each one should be 200 words. Total of 1000 words.

    Please listen in each of the following scenarios at least once:

    • extended listening in the quietest space you can find
    • extended listening outdoors
    • extended listening at a busy or bustling location (please use your best judgment here given the persistence of COVID-19)
    • extended listening to a completely artificial soundscape (a segment of a film, a symphony, a video game, etc.)

    Things to reflect on:

    • the first things you usually hear every morning; the last things you usually hear every night before falling asleep.

    My listening Diary

    1. My quiet space: Sitting in my room. My room is located on the second floor of are apartment building next to a pond.

    2. Extended listening Outdoors: Throwing the football outside with my roommate in our cul-de-sac (dead end street)

    3. Extended listening at a busy or bustling location: Went to the grocery store in my town

    4. Extended listening to a completely artificial soundscape: I listened to the sounds of the video game playing Call of duty Warzone

    To reflect on:

    5. The first thing I hear in the morning is my alarm and the last thing I hear at night is the crickets in the pond and my fan beside my bed

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    • Think about a brand that you are “loyal” to (perhaps you are involved in a loyalty rewards program, or use the brand’s app, or recommend the brand to others. Tell us about the Product/Service.
    • Identify the Customer pains that are alleviated with the brand, what gains you get from using the brand, and what jobs the brand does for you.
    • Identify this brand’s type of value proposition (more for less, more for the same, more for more, etc).
    • Practice writing TWO brand positioning statements (You can use the same brand above, your current company, yourself, etc).
      • Use the structure presented in the lecture (below)
      • “To (target segment and need) our (brand) is (concept) that (point of difference)”
    • Respond to one classmate’s post by suggesting a different point of differentiation for the brand or identify different pains/gains of the brand. (will not be available until I post mine first)
    • https://strategyzer.com/canvas/value-proposition-c… short little video on value map

    The classmate to respond to.

    Product/Service: When I saw this exercise, the brand that came to the forefront is Amazon. I have the Amazon app on my phone and am an Amazon Prime member. I purchase something on Amazon every other day on average. It allows 2 day delivery on the majority of products. In addition to time savings with shopping for house hold items, similar services are afforded for media through kindle unlimited books and discounted Amazon prime video services. Further, it allows charitable donations with Amazon smile services and Whole Foods groceries.

    Customer profile

    Jobs– I am a busy professional, student, wife and mother and having to search many websites for products for daily use does not fit my lifestyle. I primarily use Amazon for a functional need- shopping for household goods. I do also enjoy a sale so Amazon Prime Day is a large emotional perk of using the service.

    Pains– I often want products immediately as when I remember to order them is generally when I need them. The wide depth and breadth of items on Amazon has made it a one stop place for shopping. Further the ease of use of the app has even further streamlined the process. To be able to click and buy a product without having to reenter shipping addresses or payment information is a time saver. Subscribe and Save allows for planned delivery of frequently used household items. One limitation for past on-line shopping was difficulty of returns. Products are returnable no questions asked with drop off at UPS without a box and just with a QR code.

    Gains– When I do have time for self care, I want something I can easily obtained. Having a book or video at my fingertips is helpful. Having a Kindle or Prime Video which allow for point and click books and videos respectively expands Amazon’s value. Adding organic food to my diet is a nice adjunct. Delivery of Whole Foods makes organic food more accessible. Further, I enjoy shopping sales. Amazon Prime Day has in many ways replaced Black Friday shopping.

    Value Proposition– Much has been written about Amazon’s value proposition in marketing/business literature. Differentiating factors include many things alluded to above- value, convenience, low prices, huge selection (1). Probably best said, Amazon’s general brand proposition is high value with low cost (2). For me, this cost is not only financial but also time. Thus, they are providing more for less.

    Brand Position Statements– I am an active yogi and our area has a number of yoga studios competing for the same people as well as new markets. After trying out 5 yoga studios in town, I attend Yoga Cure. They aim to allow all people to participate in their yoga and work with surrounding physical therapists to promote themselves as Healing yoga. My statement for them is:

    To people for whom yoga is a lifestyle as well as those that have thought they were too inflexible to try yoga, Yoga Cure makes yoga accessible to all, including those in good health and in who suffer from illness or pain.

    I am also in the job market. The jobs I am applying to are competitive and it is important to differentiate myself from other colleagues. I have started by developing mantra statements that are similar to these brand positioning statements. One such statement:

    To ensure your next Chairperson will satisfy today’s needs and tomorrow’s vision, it is important to recruit a leader that has an established track record of successes across departments over time. I am that person.

    References

    1. personadesign.ie/branding-amazon-3-lessons-to-learn-for-your-brand-success/ (Links to an external site.)
    2. shahmm.medium.com/brand-positioning-strategy-amazon-an-example 

    Does not need to be a long response.

    • Respond to one classmate’s post by suggesting a different point of differentiation for the brand or identify different pains/gains of the brand. (will not be available until I post mine first) 

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    An applied reflection paper will be due at the end of each unit. In these short essays (1,200–1,500 words), your task will be to apply key concepts from that unit’s texts and lectures to a subject of your choosing. There will be a review and question-and-answer session on the final class meeting of each unit, and your papers will be due the following Sunday. After you submit the paper, you will receive feedback from your peers (and give feedback to others); you will then have the opportunity to revise the paper before it is graded by the instructor and/or TA. The feedback mechanism encourages students to support each other.

    For ARP1, please select a topic and use concepts from at least two academic texts that we have read in this unit to analyze that topic. Topics may range from algorithmic systems (social media platforms, risk assessment tools, facial recognition, financial algorithms, etc.) to non-algorithmic ways of sorting and evaluating people and things (Yelp!, IQ tests, SAT tests, debates around identity-sorting mechanisms such as race and gender, and so on). The academic texts from this unit include the following:

    • O’Neill (2016). “Introduction” and “Bomb parts: What is a model?” pp. 1–32 in Weapons of Math Destruction. New York: Broadway books.
    • Tarleton Gillespie (2016). “Algorithm,” in Ben Peters (ed.) Digital Keywords. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    • Massimo Mazzotti (2017). “Algorithmic life,” Los Angeles Review of Books, January 22.
    • Langdon Winner (1980). “Do artifacts have politics?” Daedalus, 109 (1): 121–136.
    • Ian Hacking (2006). “Making up people,” London Review of Books, August 17.
    • Nick Seaver (2012). “Algorithmic recommendations and synaptic functions,” Limn.
    • Marion Fourcade (2016), “Ordinalization,” Sociological Theory, 34(3): 175–195.
    • John Cheney-Lippold (2017). “Categorization: Making data useful,” pp. 37–93 in We Are Data: Algorithms and the Makings of Our Digital Selves. New York: NYU Press.
    • Kate Crawford and Trevor Paglen (2019), “Excavating AI: The Politics of Training Sets for Machine Learning,” AI Now Research Institute, September 19.
    • Os Keyes (2019). “Counting the countless,” Real Life, April 8.

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    1. Choose one of the three contemporary theories of leadership (Charismatic Leadership, Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leader) from Robbins and Judge (2017) chapter 12 and discuss how it is being utilized today and its perceived effectiveness with the current generation of the workforce. This could be millennials or Generation Z.

    Must include at least 3 (2021) references.

    2. Discuss the current strategies that leaders are employing to improve organizational commitment and/or employee engagement with respect to Covid -19 and the current workforce. Also, do you feel that there are any better strategies that could be employed than what you found in your research?

    Must include at least 3 (2021) references.

    3. Robbins and Judge (2017) discussed diversity in the workplace and mentioned that Thanks to global integration and changing labor markets, today’s organizations do well to understand and respect the cultural identities of their employees, both as groups and as individuals. (p. 27). 

    Does the literature show that this is changing with the world shrinking due to globalization? If you were a leader in Multinational organization, would your current views change, based on your research findings? Explain why your current view would or would not change.

    Must include at least 3 (2021) references.

    4. Robbins and Judge (2017) discussed the research of Geert Hofstede and noted that, Power distance describes the degree to which people in a country accept that power in institutions and organizations is distributed unequally. A high rating on power distance means large inequalities of power and wealth exist and are tolerated in the culture, as in a class or caste system that discourages upward mobility. A low power distance rating characterizes societies that stress equality and opportunity. (p. 78)

    Does the literature show that this is changing with the world shrinking due to globalization? If you were a leader in Multinational organization, would your current views change, based on your research findings? Explain why your current view would or would not change.

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    YOU CAN PICK THE TEXTS YOU WANT TO USE BELOW!
    The class is comprised of four units. An applied reflection paper will be due at the end of each unit. In these short essays (1,200–1,500 words), your task will be to apply key concepts from that unit’s texts and lectures to a subject of your choosing. There will be a review and question-and-answer session on the final class meeting of each unit, and your papers will be due the following Sunday. After you submit the paper, you will receive feedback from your peers (and give feedback to others); you will then have the opportunity to revise the paper before it is graded by the instructor and/or TA. The feedback mechanism encourages students to support each other.

    For ARP1, please select a topic and use concepts from at least two academic texts that we have read in this unit to analyze that topic. Topics may range from algorithmic systems (social media platforms, risk assessment tools, facial recognition, financial algorithms, etc.) to non-algorithmic ways of sorting and evaluating people and things (Yelp!, IQ tests, SAT tests, debates around identity-sorting mechanisms such as race and gender, and so on). The academic texts from this unit include the following:

    • O’Neill (2016). “Introduction” and “Bomb parts: What is a model?” pp. 1–32 in Weapons of Math Destruction. New York: Broadway books.
    • Tarleton Gillespie (2016). “Algorithm,” in Ben Peters (ed.) Digital Keywords. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    • Massimo Mazzotti (2017). “Algorithmic life,” Los Angeles Review of Books, January 22.
    • Langdon Winner (1980). “Do artifacts have politics?” Daedalus, 109 (1): 121–136.
    • Ian Hacking (2006). “Making up people,” London Review of Books, August 17.
    • Nick Seaver (2012). “Algorithmic recommendations and synaptic functions,” Limn.
    • Marion Fourcade (2016), “Ordinalization,” Sociological Theory, 34(3): 175–195.
    • John Cheney-Lippold (2017). “Categorization: Making data useful,” pp. 37–93 in We Are Data: Algorithms and the Makings of Our Digital Selves. New York: NYU Press.
    • Kate Crawford and Trevor Paglen (2019), “Excavating AI: The Politics of Training Sets for Machine Learning,” AI Now Research Institute, September 19.
    • Os Keyes (2019). “Counting the countless,” Real Life, April 8.


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    Assignment

    Identify one symbol in the passage below (e.g., “blood-clotted cowskin”).  After selecting a symbol, you should write an essay that unveils the connotative value of the chosen symbol in the context of Douglass’s Narrative.  So, you will need to read the narrative closely in order to identify themes, incidents, or even other symbols in the text that are illuminated by the symbol you have selected from the below passage . The aim of this analysis is to enrich your reader’s (and your own) understanding of Douglass’s  Narrative.  Prepare an outline for the essay and frame a thesis statement (claim) that will serve as an organizing principle for the analysis.   Highlight your thesis and begin every paragraph with a topic sentence.  No secondary sources (e.g. Lit Charts) are allowed for this analysis; you should rely solely on the assigned text, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself.  Any material traced to a secondary source would be considered plagiarism and may lead to a grade of zero on the assignment.  

    Passage

    “The louder she screamed, the harder he whipped; and where the blood ran fastest, there he whipped longest. He would whip her to make her scream, and whip her to make her hush; and not until overcome by fatigue, would he cease to swing the blood-clotted cowskin. I remember the first time I ever witnessed this horrible exhibition. I was quite a child, but I well remember it. I never shall forget it whilst I remember anything. It was the first of a long series of outrages, of which I was doomed to be a witness and a participant. It struck me with awful force. It was the blood-stained gate, the entrance to the hell of slavery, through which I was about to pass.”

    (Frederick Douglass’s Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself)

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    Essay # 4 

    How does one learn to play capoeira, and what does capoeira represent to you? 

    How would you suggest the learning of capoeira?  Capoeira is often described as art, music, dance, gymnastics, culture and martial arts; if you were going to propose a course or give guidance to someone to learn to play capoeira, what would it be? Read t         he following summary of Daniel Coyle’s “ The Talent Code” and give examples on how does it apply to capoeira.  Take in consideration:

    Take in consideration:

    • Physical space
    • Culture
    • Pedagogy
    • Experiential Education and Experiential learning X distance learning ( with now-a days technology, can distance learninghave a considerable “experience” component?)
    • Movies:
    1. Only The Strong
    2. Besouro

    The Talent Code?—?Summary

    https://medium.com/karlbooklover/the-talent-code-summary-5a2711469f6b

    Myelin, neural pathways, and skills

    Everything we think, feel and do is a result of electrical impulses traveling through our nerve fibers. We call this connected fibers “circuits.”

    Each circuit is responsible for a certain action, for example thought or feeling. When we move a part of our body, it is the result of electrical impulses passing through brain circuits, all the way to our muscles.

    The neuronal circuits are encased in a substance called myelin. Myelin acts as an insulator for neuronal circuits and also regulates how quickly and precisely a signal can travel along a circuit. This gate-type functionality is crucial in the development of skill.

    A thicker layer of myelin allows faster electrical impulses so the thicker they myelin of a circuit, the greater your ability to control thoughts and movements accurately.

    Now that we know that myelin is a key factor in developing new skills, the question is, how can we get more myelin?

    Grow myelin by making mistakes

    “Practice makes perfect.” but why? Whenever we practice something, nerve signals are fired through a circuit in your brain. But practicing something you are already good at won’t stimulate significant myelin growth because that circuit is already well established.

    If in contrast, you decide to practice something new?—?for example, an unfamiliar song?—?you cause new nerve circuits to fire which causes a thickening of myelin around them (see the learning curve). At first, you will be making mistakes, but by constantly correcting them and keep practicing, you will create a fast myelin circuit for that particular skill.

    Deep-practice vs. nature and nurture

    If you think of the great artists like Michelangelo, do you attribute his skills to his genes i.e. his talent, or do you attribute it to the environment he was risen in?

    To determine the causing factor, let’s look at how great talents often appear in history. The first thing to notice is that talents often appear in large clusters, at a certain place and time. Take, for example, the huge number of great artists who rose in Renaissance Florence during the fifteenth century. The nature-nurture hypothesis seems insufficient for the explanation of this phenomenon.

    Common nurture factors such as long periods of peace, freedom, and prosperity didn’t appear to be particularly present at that time in Florence. What about nature, i.e. genes?

    It would seem unlikely that so many talents would rise over a period of just two generations if genetic factors caused the talent.

    What else is there to explain this phenomenon then? It turns out that in Renaissance Florence, there was a culture of teaching boys a craft from a young age. They were taken as apprentices in “craft guilds,” where they learned a vocation over the period of many years, by the supervision of a master.
    Michelangelo began his apprenticeship at the age of six and went on over decades. Once we understand this, it becomes apparent that his later masterpieces were not the result of innate genius, but a product of decades of myelin layer thickening.

    This practice over long periods of time is what the author calls deep-practice. It becomes apparent that we can become adept at almost anything if we put in enough deep practice.

    Deep practice, ignition of motivation and master coaching

    The author visited numerous talent hotbeds around the world. The common pattern he identified was a combination of three factors, deep practice, ignition and master coaching.

    Deep practice is the kind of intense practice mentioned above. One illustrative example of deep practice is the “futsal” game which is very popular among young Brazilian soccer players.

    The difference of futsal with regular soccer is that the ball has only half of the size of a regular soccer ball, but is twice as heavy. The field is also much smaller. These factors allow a type of deeper practice for regular soccer. A smaller field means greater interaction, less delay and thus, higher amounts of total training time. The game also demands higher precision of movement.

    Once the players finally play with a regular ball on a regular field, their skill shines in the virtuosity they are commonly admired for.

    The second factor is motivation, which the author calls ignition. Ignition refers to circumstances which motivate deep practice. One example of ignition stems from the 19-year-old Andruw Jones from Curaçao who hit two home runs in the 1996 World Series and became the youngest person ever to hit a homer in the World Series.

    This motivated many young children from Curaçao to pursue baseball and gave them the belief that they could succeed.

    Another good example is the ignition phrase a very successful charter school in the U.S. uses: “every student will get into college.”

    The school repeats the word college frequently and takes students on a trip to various colleges on a regular basis. The results of the ignition seem undeniable. In 2007, the school ranked in the top 3 percent of California’s public schools regarding students academic results. Ignition is analogous to the motivation trigger.

    The third of the three factors is a master coach. A master coach is someone who knows how to ignite motivation and how to foster deep practice.

    To perform deep practice, break the skill down into smaller units

    Chunking a task into smaller pieces is crucial to deep learning. By examining and learning these units, on the one hand, we get higher satisfaction by mastering one goal at a time, on the other hand, we get a deeper understanding of each crucial component. This is analogous to the SMART goals mentioned in the book Smarter Faster Better.

    One good example of chunking was found by the author as he visited a “talent hotbed” New York music school. He noticed that sheet music was chopped up horizontally so that a piece of music would first be practiced in random order. When the musicians finally played the whole piece they had a much deeper understanding of every element or chunk.

    Keep the bar high

    Deep practice needs time, a lot of time and repetition. Indeed studies have shown that to completely master a particular skill requires 10.000 hours of practice. Something which is described in detail in the book Outliers. But repetition alone is not enough.
    For deep practice to be effective, you have to raise the difficulty while practicing constantly. Repeating the same thing once that myelin is well established in a circuit won’t help much, you have to strive beyond the limits of your current ability constantly. This is analogous to “raising the bar” as described in the book Bounce.

    This was shown well in one study with babies. The study showed that the speed at which babies improve their walking ability is proportional to how frequently they fail and try again.

    The lesson: Failure is necessary to improve skills.

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    Just a reminder, module specific discussion boards for EDN 301 will ask all students to BOTH respond to one required question, and then choose from a list of several additional questions to respond to. All student responses should be reflective of your thoughts and assertions supported by your course readings and available resources. You will continue to be required to respond to your classmates’ initial posts and develop an ongoing professional discussion with one another. I will be reading all of the posts and responses. Each DB consists of three main portions overall:

    1. Required Question/Topic
    2. Choice Question/Topic
    3. Responses to classmates’ initial posts.

    The questions or topics in each discussion board are to be used as probing questions for facilitating a professional and ongoing conversation. Discussion boards will cover information within the module to reflect assigned readings, assignments, and reflective application that are intended to help you grow in your educational path and into your ‘teaching persona’. Many times discussion boards end up with students saying that they feel they are repeating the same thing their peers are posting, so to avoid that in this course you have the option to choose (for the second portion of your post) the question or questions that you would like to use as your starting point for your discussion board post.

    While the DB requirements are the same for the content of this assignment, the format is similar to DB #2. For this discussion board you will again create a video of yourself discussing the questions/topics. You may use any resource/tool that will capture video of you talking through the topics. There is video capture tool built directly into Canvas! This video is a strategic requirement so that you can put a face with the names of your classmates and to prepare you for your instructional video assignment later in this semester. Many students will use their smart phone to record a video of themselves talking, which is perfectly fine. If you do use that option, please make sure your video is formatted to be viewed correctly and is not sideways or upside down. You may choose to use Screencast-o-matic as well. I would prefer you have a YouTube account and host your videos on the YouTube server so that you do not run into any file size glitches with uploading videos. Be sure to make your content UNLISTED so we can all view your video yet it will not be searchable.

    Students have asked, “How long should the video be?” That’s a very difficult question to answer and depends on whether a student has scripted a response or if a students it simply talking in reflection. For the sake of argument, I would envision a 4-6 minute video as being long enough to accomplish both the required question and the choice question(s). Your video post should not be longer than 10 minutes.

    Discussion Board 1 Questions/Topics

    PART 1 – Required Question/Topic:

    • In what ways could you vary your teaching techniques to ensure you are reaching all of the various ‘learning abilities’ you may have in your classroom?
    • What if you were asked to teach online or in a virtual environment, would those techniques change? If so, how?
    • Refer to Chapter 6 – Sequencing and Organizing Instruction.
    • This is a video discussion response. Many students like to script their response prior to delivering it ‘on screen’. So, if you do script something, I would expect respondents to utilize at least one – two full paragraph(s) for their responses.
    • Please refer to your textbook or assigned reading reference.

    PART 2 – Choice Question(s)/Topic(s):

    (You must choose at least one option below):

    • What is your main take-away about learning objectives and lesson planning that you learned from this module in our course? What advantages or disadvantages does the concept of thinking styles have compared to learning styles?
    • Why are analogies a powerful advance organizer? When can an analogy be a poor advance organizer?
    • What graphic organizers could you use to present concepts in your subject area of teaching? How do graphic organizers work for children?
    • How can sequencing help you to bring together isolated pieces of information to form an organized body of knowledge? Give an example.
    • This is a video discussion response. Many students like to script their response prior to delivering it ‘on screen’. So, if you do script something, I would expect respondents to utilize at least one – two full paragraph(s) for their responses.
    • Please refer to your textbook or assigned reading reference.

    PART 3 – Professional Conversations:

    • Respond to at least 3 of your classmates’ initial posts for this discussion board. The number of classmate’s that is required for you to respond to is not very high because the purpose is to develop in depth conversations and it is not easy to do that with a multitude of people. With that said, please make sure your conversations with one another are professional, respectful, and reflect a conversation that would help you and your peers grow pedagogically. You can choose to respond with a video or with written text in the discussion board threads.

    Grading Rubric

    Graded Criteria

    Points

    Part #1 – Initial Post includes response to required question/topic

    • Learning Styles (5 Points)
    • Length and Depth of Response (5 Points)
    • Online or Virtual (3 Points)
    • Reference to text/resources (2 Points)

    15

    Part #2 -Initial Post includes response to choice question/topic

    • Response (5 Points)
    • Argument (4 Points)
    • Length and Depth of Response (4 Points)
    • Reference to text/resources (2 Points)

    15

    Part #3 – Response to classmate’s initial posts

    • min. 3 responses
    • in-depth responses

    15

    Professional Product

    5

    Total Points

    50

    *Professional Product refers to your video submission using correct grammar, making a cohesive argument, having a confident presentation style and being turned in on time, etc. When preparing for any assignment, refrain from talking in slang and/or shorthand.

    *APA Format Example:

    • In-line Citation: (Orlich et al., 2012, p. 15);
    • Reference: Orlich, D. C., Harder, R. J., Trevisan, M. S., Brown, A. H. & Miller, D. (2018). Teaching strategies: A guide to effective instruction. Cengage Learning.

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    University of North Carolina

    • The assignment consists of two short essays that cover the time period from approximately 1945 to 1965. Choose two from among the below five prompts. Each essay should be 500-600 words in length (about two pages).
    • These prompts refer to the “black freedom struggle,” which is a term that encompasses the activism of World War II, the civil rights movement, and the black power movement. Each essay can focus either on a narrow portion of this time period, or the entirety of it.
    • You will draw upon material from Lecture 7 through Lecture 12. You must cite at least two different readings (total) across your essays, but are welcome to cite more.
    • Upload your essays to Canvas as a single document, and indicate the prompt number and word count for each essay. You do not need to include a bibliography, title page, or any kind of header. Use Chicago Style footnotes anytime you reference a reading or lecture.
    • These essays are open book and open note, with no time limit. They should be single-authored—you may not consult your classmates! However, you are free to make ample use of your notes and all material posted to Canvas.

    PROMPTS

    1. Why were boycotts, sit-ins, marches, and other forms of nonviolent protest so effective in the fight against segregation?
    2. How did communism and/or anti-communism shape the black freedom struggle?
    3. What was the role of non-black people in the black freedom struggle?
    4. Explain the role, aims, and purpose of militancy in the black freedom struggle.
    5. How did ideas about gender, manhood, and/or womanhood shape the black freedom struggle?https://video.ucdavis.edu/media/Lecture+7A+A+New+D.. https://video.ucdavis.edu/media/Lecture+12A+Black+…

    the assignment is asked to write an argumentative essay. I only see you summarizing the facts instead of making an argument. I can not trace information about the lecture video I attached as well. can you edit or redo it some parts of the assignment. I need the work match with each part of the assignment as is requested.

    I attached the document I wrote and I need you to fix it according to this last comment and match it with the requirements as is requested in each part. I need this on time or before the deadline. Only use the materials I attached

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