Thomas is in the business of selling computers and related software from a building he owns in Haymarket, Sydney.
Most customers pay at the time of delivery. However, Thomas provides credit to his largest customers. During the year
ended 30 June 2018 Thomas received $2,800,000 in cash for sales of computers and related software. Sales which had
been made during the year ended 30 June 2017, but which were paid for in the year ended 30 June 2018 were $260,000
and are included in the $2,800,000 above. At 30 June 2018 sales of computers and related software not yet paid for
amounted to $430,000. Thomas purchased the building in Haymarket in 1986. On 1 April 2018 Thomas leased part of
the building to a third party for $650 per month.
During the year ended 30 June 2018 purchases of computers and related software were $1,800,000 and at the end of 30
June 2018 stock on hand was $150,000 (valued at cost) or $285,000 (valued at market). Thomas’s closing stock for the
year ended 30 June 2017 was $630,000. During the year ended 30 June 2018 Thomas took 2 computers from his stock
for private use in his home. The computers cost him $1,240 each and had a market value of $1,630 each. Thomas also
gave away another 4 similar computers to his friends during the year.
Thomas had an overall loss for the year ended 30 June 2017 from all his activities of $180,000 (there were no capital
losses). Included in this loss of $180,000 was a donation to a charity of $25,000. During the year ended 30 June 2017
Thomas earned exempt income of $11,000.
During the year ended 30 June 2018 Thomas received an inheritance of $80,000 (lump sum) and real estate of
$1,630,000 from a distant relative who died on 14 August 2016.
Expenses that related to the business during the year ended 30 June 2018 were as follows:
Motor vehicle expenses $14,000
Accounting fees $4,000
Telephone expenses $23,500
Wages – this included $150,000 paid to his spouse who worked for 3 days a week in the
business. Another employee who also did the same job for 3 days a week was paid $120,000. $380,000
On 1 July 2017 Thomas also bought a rental property for $820,000. He borrowed $530,000 on the same day from the
bank to buy the property. The term of the loan was 4 years. The property was leased on 1 July 2017. He received rent
in cash from his tenants during the year ended 30 June 2018 in the amount of $85,000. Included in this amount was a
payment of $11,000 on 28 June 2018 as rent for the month of July 2018.
Thomas also incurred the following expenses during the year ended 30 June 2018 in relation to the property:
Repairs to the front fence damaged by his tenant $1,750
Council Rates $1,550
Land Tax $2,650
Agent’s Commission for collecting rent $3,780
Loan Repayments ($6,250 principal and $40,250 interest) $46,500
Loan application fee (paid on 1 July 2017) $1,200
Stamp duty on the mortgage for the loan (paid on 1 July 2017) $1,800
Stamp duty on the purchase of the property (paid on 1 July 2017) $33,000
Building a garage at the side of the property on 1 January 2018 $103,500
New microwave $1,650
Repairs on 2 July 2017 to the Stove damaged in June 2017 $470
Thomas wants to minimise his taxable income for this year. Assume all depreciating assets, if any, have an effective life
of 5 years and were purchased on 1 July 2017 unless otherwise stated. He does not wish to use the SBE election.
Calculate Thomas’s taxable income or loss for the year ended 30 June 2018.
You must give reasons for your answer. Your discussion must include an analysis of the pertinent sections of the relevant
legislation, rulings and the relevant case law. If relevant, you must show your calculation. You must apply the law to the
facts in the quiz paper and provide YOUR OWN analysis of the issues and write a comprehensive answer to the quiz