SIM PATH 422 American Sentine

Activity 4

Sample Selection and Application

You will enter Sentinel City® via the link to begin your virtual experience by taking a bus tour of Sentinel City®.

Sentinel City® is a city just like your neighborhood. People live there from culturally diverse backgrounds. They vary in age, gender, and income level. Nurse researchers are unable to study the entire world so they choose “groups” or populations to study that actually mirror the population of interest. Your role is to experience the city and identify the “neighborhood” or sample that would provide the best place to study:

  1. Geriatrics
  2. South East Asians
  3. Poverty
  4. Pediatrics

Once you have identified the neighborhoods, complete an analysis of any evidence-based practice intervention that applies to one population of your choice and describe how you would implement this in the Sentinel City® neighborhood. Remember, use resources that are interprofessional, evidence-based and focus on improving health outcomes.

Helpful tips:

Don’t forget to view the Sentinel City navigation tips. After choosing an avatar you may be able to teleport to the various areas by utilizing the interactive map.

  • How do I find out about the people who live in each neighborhood? How do I find out who lives here? How do I find the city population?
    • As you ride through the city you will be able to access the population statistics for each neighborhood. It will open on the left. You may pause the bus to view. You may also teleport to an area and choose the information icon.
  • Where can I find information on seniors?
    • You may pause the bus and select the rotating icon for specifics about seniors in the city
  • What information is available about healthcare use in Sentinel City®?
    • The Sentinel City® Healthcare System data is accessible by selecting the rotating icon. This selection will take you to a menu that has information on dentistry, vision, emergency, ambulatory care, integrated services, inpatient, pharmacy, and elderly.
  • How do I know whom to sample for a research study?
    • The researcher will often choose a population that contains the most number of subjects who have the study topic. For instance, to study children choose the area with the most children
  • Where does a nurse find evidence-based practice recommendations?
  • Question: What type of health promoting activity is interprofessional?
    • Think broadly consider nutrition (diet), Activity (exercise), Dental health, etc.

Review these core competencies:

  • Evidence-Based Practice – Core Competencies: Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice.
  • Sample Selection: Participate in the process of retrieval, appraisal, and synthesis of evidence in collaboration with other members of the healthcare team to improve patient outcomes.
  • Interprofessional EBP Guidelines: Integrate evidence, clinical judgment, interprofessional perspectives, and patient preferences in planning, implementing, and evaluating outcomes of care.
  • Interprofessional EBP Guidelines: Collaborate in the collection, documentation, and dissemination of evidence.
  • Explore Research Literature for EBP Guidelines: Acquire an understanding of the process for how nursing and related healthcare quality and safety measures are developed, validated, and endorsed.
  • Application of the PICO Model to Nursing Care: Describe mechanisms to resolve identified practice discrepancies between identified standards and practice that may adversely impact patient outcomes.

Suggested Reading

Read:

LoBiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J. (2018). Nursing research: Methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice.(9th ed) St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.

  • Chapter 2
  • Chapter 3

Valerio, M. A., Rodriguez, N., Winkler, P., Lopez, J., Dennison, M., & Yuanyuan Liangrbara, J. T. (2016). Comparing two sampling methods to engage hard-to-reach communities in research priority setting. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 16 doi:http://dx.doi.org.americansentinel.idm.oclc.org/10…

Additional Instructions:

  • All submissions should have a title page and reference page.
  • Utilize a minimum of two scholarly resources.
  • Adhere to grammar, spelling and punctuation criteria.
  • Adhere to APA compliance guidelines.
  • Adhere to the chosen Submission Option for Delivery of Activity guidelines.

Submission Options:

Choose One:

Instructions:

Paper

  • 4 to 6-page paper. Include title and reference pages.

Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation

  • 8 to 10 slides. Add title and reference slides.
  • Follow Rules of 7.

Other media (Prezi, etc.) presentation

  • 8 to 10 slides with speaker notes. Add title and reference slides.
  • Follow Rules of 7.

Video Presentation

  • 5 to 8-minute video presentation.
  • Attach reference page or include in video.
  • Professional appearance and background.
  • Video submissions must include a script in Word format, submitted through Turnitin for an Originality Report.

Table

  • Table with appropriate columns and headers.
  • Include title and reference pages.

Graphs or other illustrations

  • Graphs or illustrations with appropriate labels. Include title and reference pages.

Poster

  • Poster utilizing any applicable poster template. Include visual graphics/images/other formats for visual appeal. Include appropriate title and references on poster.

Note: Title and reference pages/slides do not count towards the count requirements. Evidenced-Based Practice- Sample Selection and Application

Description: Professional nursing practice is grounded in the translation of current evidence

into practice.

QSEN Competency: 3) Evidence-Based Practice BSN Essential III

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Course Competencies: 1) Examine the relationships among theory, practice, and research. 2) Interpret research findings using the elements of the research process. 5) Evaluate data from relevant sources, including technology, to inform the delivery of care to culturally and ethnically diverse populations. 6) Collaborate with health team members to collect, interpret, synthesize and disseminate evidence to improve patient outcomes in complex health care environments.

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Area

Gold Mastery

Silver Proficient

Bronze Acceptable

Acceptable Mastery not Demonstrated

Fully detail how the research process is sampling dependent. Describes neighborhoods that reflect the best fit for 1- Geriatrics 2- South East Asians 3- Poverty 4- Pediatrics

Fully details how the research process is sampling dependent. Describes neighborhoods that reflect the best fit for 1- Geriatrics 2- South East Asians 3- Poverty 4- Pediatrics

Describes how research and sampling affect generalizability of findings but does not identify specific populations in Sentinel City®

Superficially describes sampling but does not connect to generalizability of research findings to practice

Identifies populations of interest but does not relate to research applicability

Fully detail, with specific example(s), inter- professional evidence-based practice guidelines and states outcomes specific to one area of choosing 1- Geriatrics 2- South East Asians 3- Poverty 4- Pediatrics

Fully details, with specific example(s), inter- professional evidence-based practice guidelines and states outcomes specific to one area of choosing 1- Geriatrics 2- South East Asians 3- Poverty 4- Pediatrics

Describes, with specific example(s) inter professional evidence-based practice guidelines but does not develop outcomes specific to a population

Superficially describes with what evidence- based practice guidelines are available but does not address interprofessional nature or outcomes

Provides suggestions to improve care for population but provides no research/evidence to support

Include a PICO model that clearly labels specific population, intervention, comparison and desired outcomes Identifies the need to perform frequent reassessment and adjust plans of care to meet desired outcomes

Includes a PICO model that clearly labels specific population, intervention, comparison and desired outcomes Identifies the need to perform frequent reassessment and adjust plans of care to meet desired outcomes

Includes a PICO model that clearly labels specific population, intervention, comparison and desired outcomes but does not link evidence to quality outcomes and reassessment

Includes a general description of the PICO model. There is no population specific evidence or outcome monitoring suggestions

There is no discussion of the PICO model

APA, Grammar, Spelling, and Punctuation

No errors in APA, Spelling, and Punctuation.

One to three errors in APA, Spelling, and Punctuation.

Four to six errors in APA, Spelling, and Punctuation.

Seven or more errors in APA, Spelling, and Punctuation.

References

Provides two or more references.

Provides two references.

Provides one references.

Provides no references.

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SIM PATH 422 American Sentine

Activity 3

Ethics in Research

  1. View Human Subjects Research Training: “Protecting Human Subjects”
  2. PDF titled PHRP. Reflect on History, Codes and Regulations, Respect for Persons, Beneficence and Justice.
  3. Explore the Research Clinic

Choose a vulnerable population and describe the ethical issues surrounding this population. What is the role of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) in protecting vulnerable populations? Should the population be considered for research? Why is it important to have diverse populations sampled in research?

Resources

National Institute of Health (2008). Protecting Human research participants. Retrieved from https://learn.americansentinel.edu/pluginfile.php/709455/course/section/110371/PHRP%20%282%29.pdf

Additional Instructions:

  1. All submissions should have a title page and reference page.
  2. Utilize a minimum of two scholarly resources.
  3. Adhere to grammar, spelling and punctuation criteria.
  4. Adhere to APA compliance guidelines.
  5. Adhere to the chosen Submission Option for Delivery of Activity guidelines.

Submission Options:

Choose One:

Instructions:

Paper

  • 2 to 3-page paper. Include title and reference pages.

Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation

  • 4 to 8 slides. Add title and reference slides.
  • Follow Rules of 7.

Other media (Prezi, etc.) presentation

  • 4 to 8 slides with speaker notes. Add title and reference slides.
  • Follow Rules of 7.

Video Presentation

  • 5 to 6-minute video presentation.
  • Attach reference page or include in video.
  • Professional appearance and background.
  • Video submissions must include a script in Word format, submitted through Turnitin for an Originality Report.

Table

  • Table with appropriate columns and headers.
  • Include title and reference pages.

Graphs or other illustrations

  • Graphs or illustrations with appropriate labels. Include title and reference pages.

Poster

  • Poster utilizing any applicable poster template. Include visual graphics/images/other formats for visual appeal. Include appropriate title and references on poster.

Note: Title and reference pages/slides do not count towards the count requirements. Evidence – Based Practice- Ethics in Research

Description: The nurse differentiates between ethical and legal precepts that guide research,

protect human subjects and guide unique population-based interventions.

QSEN Competencies: 3) Evidence-Based Practice 5) Safety BSN Essential III

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Course Competencies: 3) Differentiate between ethical and legal precepts that guide research conduct and protect human subjects. 5) Evaluate data from relevant sources, including technology, to inform the delivery of care to culturally and ethnically diverse populations.

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Area

Gold Mastery

Silver Proficient

Bronze Acceptable

Acceptable Mastery not Demonstrated

Differentiates between legal and ethical considerations and the role of the IRB

Differentiates between legal and ethical considerations and the role of the IRB

Discusses ethical and legal considerations but does NOT discuss the IRB’s role

Discusses the IRB’s role but does NOT discuss legal and ethical considerations

Does not discuss legal and ethical considerations or the IRB’s role

Demonstrates knowledge of Research History, Codes, respect for person, beneficence, and justice

Utilizes knowledge of Research History, Codes, respect for person, beneficence, and justice when discussing vulnerable populations and IRB

Utilizes most of the concepts (2/3) Research History, Codes, respect for person, beneficence, and justice when discussing vulnerable populations and IRB

Utilizes most of the concepts (1/2) Research History, Codes, respect for person, beneficence, and justice when discussing vulnerable populations and IRB

Identifies a vulnerable population of interest but does not relate to research principles

Identifies diverse populations in research and supports the need for ethical considerations assertions with sound rationale

Analyzes the need for diverse populations in research.

Supports assertions with sound rationale

Analyzes the need for diverse populations in research. However, does not support any assertions.

Defines diverse populations but does not discuss research needs.

Discusses only the needs for ethical precepts when designing research. Does not analyze the need for diverse populations in research.

APA, Grammar, Spelling, and Punctuation

No errors in APA, Spelling, and Punctuation.

One to three errors in APA, Spelling, and Punctuation.

Four to six errors in APA, Spelling, and Punctuation.

Seven or more errors in APA, Spelling, and Punctuation.

References Provides two or Provides two Provides one Provides no more references. references. references. references.

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Posted in Uncategorized