Santa Monica College Quadratu

PART 1 : When Renaissance painter Plautilla Nelli got her first solo exhibit at Florence’s Uffizi Gallery Links to an external 2017, some art historians asked . . . Plautilla who??

Despite being a celebrated artist in sixteenth-century Florence, Nelli had been forgotten by art history to the point that even scholars of Renaissance art knew nothing of her. How was this possible?

In a word, gender.

Female Artists in the RenaissanceLinks to an external site.

Why Is Work by Female Artists Still Valued Less Than Work by Male Artists?Links to an external site.

After reading provided articles respond to the following questions:

  1. What were the circumstances that were usually necessary for women to become artists in the past?
  2. Provide at least two artwork examples (with images) made by female artists during Renaissance, Baroque or Rococo styles and time periods.
  3. Why were many female artists forgotten?
  4. What is historical gender imbalance in art history?
  5. Does it still exist today? Why or why not? Provide examples to support your claims.

Responses have to be numbered.

Short Answer has to be submitted in word or pdf only.

Provide images and used sources


The effectiveness of Italian Baroque religious art depended on the drama and theatricality of individual images, as well as on the interaction and fusion of architecture, sculpture and painting. Very often, especially in the Baroque and Rococo era, artists were painting the extension of the church’s architecture. By merging real and painted architecture they would create illusion that the vaulted ceiling is lifted up and opens to Heaven. Illusionistic painting often included the use of various spatial effects and techniques of perspective utilized to create illusion of the open sky and architectural space, most often on flat ceiling surfaces above the viewer. This practice started during the Renaissance, and was further developed and perfectionized during Mannerism, Baroque and Rococo styles and time periods.

Link – QUADRATURA (Links to an external site.)

Link – How to use trompe l’oeil in interiors and exteriors spaces (Links to an external site.)

Link – 20 mind-blowing trompe l’oeil illusions (Links to an external site.)

  1. Explain Quadratura
  2. Provide at least two artwork examples of illusionism in painting from one of the time periods and styles starting with Renaissance and ending with Rococo (Renaissance, Mannerism, Baroque or Rococo), describe them and explain their history, location, purpose, effect and meaning.
  3. How is trompe-l’oeil, or other perspective tools and spatial effects still used today in visual arts to create the illusion of three-dimensional space on an otherwise two-dimensional surface of an artwork? Provide at least one artwork example to support your ideas.

Write a short answer (2-3 pages) on the topic.

Do not forget to provide images and used sources at the end of your answer.

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