Respond to 2 classmates discussion post with input and info about what they are talking about

I don’t know how to handle this Psychology question and need guidance.

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Gender dysphoria

Maydine Alcid posted Aug 6, 2020 5:43 PM

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In the reading this week, I will review the differences between gender dysphoria, homosexuality, and transvestic disorder.

There is some correlation between dysphoria, homosexuality, and transvestic disorder.

An individual who suffers from gender dysphoria is characterized by persistent distress resulting from a perceived mismatch between one’s assigned gender at birth (based on their biological sex) and gender identity. In contrast, homosexuality preference for a member of one’s own sex, on the other hand, people who suffer from transvestic disorder is based on DSM-5, heterosexual men who experience recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors involving cross-dressing as a female. Hooley et al.

In the three disorders, the patients feel differently about their sexuality.

For one to be diagnosed with gender dysphoria, the patient must have a feeling of incompatibility with the gender they are in for at least six months and have two symptoms on the DSM-5 criteria.

Girls and boys who have gender dysphoria are very different. Boys with gender dysphoria show interest in famine activities while girls with gender dysphoria like wearing boy’s clothing.

The transvestic disorder affects more men than women.

An earlier survey of over 1,000 men who frequently cross-dressed reported that the vast majority (87 percent) were heterosexual, 83 percent had married, and 60 percent were married at the time of the survey (Docter & Prince, 1997).

If we lived in a society that was not so focused on what it means to be male and female, gender dysphoria would not exist.

In several Native American cultures, there are four genders; one of the genders is the Berdache. The male Berdache is a biological male but takes on the female role in appearance and manner. (Tafoy,2007.William 1993)

It there was no label of male or female, it would be less stressful for those who feel they have to conform to the social norm of being male or female.

In Juchitan Mexico, there is a third gender called the muxe gender. A muxe is a biologically male but dress and takes on the role of the female. A muxe is not identified as a male or female and is held in high regard in the community. The muxe first sexual partner is with a heterosexual male.

Finally, if there was no emphasis placed on females or males, those who suffer from gender dysphoria could live their lives there way. There would be no guilt or shame to be whatever gender they choose to be.

They can live their true self.

POST 2

MODULE 6 DISCUSSION

Liberty Shafer posted Aug 6, 2020 10:23 PM

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Even though Sexual dysfunctions and paraphilic disorders are both disorders of either disturbance of processes in sexual functioning (sexual dysfunctions) or sexual behavior(s) (paraphilic disorders),they are different(Mindyra Health Corporation,2020).

Paraphilias are people who have recurrent intense sexual urges or fantasies, or behaviors that involve unusual objects, activities, or situations that are, by and large, not culturally sanctioned. Some paraphilias are widely considered pathological even if the paraphilic individual does not experience distress, such as in the case of a pedophile who has molested children but does not feel guilty. Most people believe that such a man has a mental disorder. In the past, pedophilia has been diagnosed even in the absence of distress; so have frotteurism and exhibitionism, both of which typically involve nonconsenting individuals in sexual acts (Hooley et al.,2020).Other examples of paraphilia would be someone who likes to have sex with corpes or someone who likes to have sex with animals (Hooley et al.,2020).

Sexual dysfunctions, which are problems in sexual desire or disturbances in the psychophysiologic changes that are part of the sexual response cycle.There are different phases in sexual dysfunction,which are desire phase,arousal phase,orgasm, and resolution.Men and women can both have sexual dysfunctions.There are many types of sexual dysfunctions in men and women(Hooley et al.,2020).

Two examples of sexual dysfunction in men would be (1)Male Hypoactive sexual Desire Disorder,which is sometimes associated with erectile and/or ejaculatory problems. Men with this disorder may also have difficulty obtaining an erection, which can lead to a reduced interest in sex.(2)Delayed Ejaculation(which kinda explains itself)(Mindyra Health Corporation,2020).Two example of sexual dysfunction in women would be(1)Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder,which means Lack of, or significantly reduced, sexual interest/arousal in many situations like before or even during sex.(2)Female Orgasmic Disorder,which means little or no orgasm(Hooley et al.,2020).

In our readings it states “In some cases, sexual dysfunctions are caused primarily by psychological or interpersonal factors”,It is not a mental condition itself.For example someone with a mental disorder can be on medications that may cause sexual dysfunction.Like if someone has a mood disorder and took a SSRI medication that could cause delayed ejaculation in men or delayed orgasm in females.

References

Hooley, J. M., Butcher, J. N., & Nock, M. K. (2017). Abnormal psychology: global edition. Pearson Education Limited.

Corporation, M. H. (2020). Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in AdultsErectile Disorder in Adults.https://www.mindyra.com/solutions/adults/malehypoactivesexualdesiredisorder.

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