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You will be required to write 200–250-word replies to at least 3 of your classmates’ threads. In your replies, expand on the discussion by analyzing and building upon the thread and incorporating at least 1 scholarly reference in each reply. Integration of Scripture is encouraged, but is not required. Assertions must be supported by in-text references in current APA format. Use first person and single-spaced formatting and indent new paragraphs. Your threads and replies must be well written, well organized, and focused.
Forum 4 (Modules 5 and 6 )
As a facilitator there are a variety of techniques, skills and strategies one can use that are specifically designed for group settings, with rounds and dyads being some of the most popular. Rounds and dyads are very effective and invaluable facilitator tools that are often used in various types of group settings. Although they are both extremely valuable, rounds are considered to be more valuable than dyads (Jacob et al., 2016). Both the dyads and rounds facilitation technique can be utilized to provide direction in task and discussion groups
The Rounds technique is a type of discussion that is designed to encourage all participants to share their thoughts and feelings in response to a specific question that is presented to the group by the leader/facilitator. According to Jacob et al., (2016) rounds are typically seen as noninvasive and nonthreatening because everyone in the group is commenting and nobody is being singled out (Jacobs et al., 2016). The rounds technique places emphasis on the group’s understanding and processing of the topic as a whole. The objective of this technique is to help the participants get comfortable with sharing and listening to responses, with the intent of clarifying a topic by offering multiple perspectives. However, when using the rounds technique, one should take great care because, as stated by Jacob et al., (2016) the overuse of rounds can cause members to become confused, resentful or they may not trust the leader. Jacob et al. (2016) has identified three variations in which rounds can be utilized which are: (1) the designated word, phrase, or number round; (2) the word or phrase round; and (3) the comment round. Overusing rounds can cause members to become confused, resentful or they may not trust the leader and see it is a scam of sorts.
The Dyads facilitation technique involves facilitators splitting participants into groups of two by individual choice or by assignment in order to facilitate interaction regarding a specific topic that normally lasts approximately 2 to 10 minutes depending on circumstances (Jacobs et al., 2016). During this time the facilitator moves around the room to monitor the different groups to ensure they have not gotten off-track; if so he/she redirects the group so as to get them back on track. Dyads are designed to be used as a means of increasing participation and comfort, building energy and trust, processing information, finishing a topic, changing the group format, and giving the facilitator time to think (Jacobs et al., 2016). In addition, dyads can also promote more active discussions. They can create opportunities for reluctant individuals, who may be hesitant about opening up in a large group setting, to practice and develop confidence in sharing personal information, in addition, it can provide the participant an opportunity to practice their effective listening skills. Upon completion the facilitator brings the group back together to discuss any key information to identify learning points. Participants tend to benefit most from the self-exploration.
In the DVD, Groups in Action, the rounds technique was used by the group leader at the onset of each session daily as a means of building trust amongst the group members and to keep them focused, thus ensuring their involvement in the group discussion. Utilizing the rounds technique gave each group member the opportunity to discuss his/her thoughts and feelings. In section 3 of the video the facilitator introduced the dyads technique by pairing the group members off and having them to discuss some of their fears or expectations as it pertains to the group and its members. This opened up an opportunity for group members to comfortably discuss issues that were important to them with one other member with the intent of enhancing their ability to keep what was discussed fresh on their minds so that they were able to easily articulated the discussion once the group reconvened (Corey et al., 2014).
Corey, G., Corey, M. S., & Haynes, R. (2014). Groups in action: Evolution and challenges
(2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage
Jacobs, E. E., Schimmel, C. J., Masson, R. L., & Harvill, R. L.
DB Forum 4a
Group leaders or facilitators use different techniques which are valuable tools in order to build cohesion within a group.For instance, the use of dyads and rounds serve different purposes, but are both useful for various reasons. Jacobs et al. (2016) indicates the use of rounds help leaders gather information quickly as well as drawing out members, or focusing their attention on members while using the designated word, number or phrase, a word phrase, or a comment type of round. The use of rounds allows the facilitator to sense the pulse of what is happening in the discussion and decide what direction to take within the group, (Corey, et al. 2014).
Another benefit of the rounds is allowing quieter or hesitant members to briefly comment without the spotlight being on them too long which could make them uncomfortable, (Corey et a. 2014). The use of rounds is an important tool, but Jacobs et al. 2016) warns against overusing them as members can become bored or resentful as it may look like the leader just wants to fill the time. An example of the use of rounds was when I led a children’s Ministry team and had different meetings with classroom team leaders, staggering different weeks to allow everyone to participate. I would form the rounds weekly before church started, and ask each volunteer, “on a scale from 1-10 how would you describe your class went last week?” Because there were 90 volunteers, breaking up into smaller groups of 10-12, allowed them each time to share, as well as allowing myself the ability to sense and hear what was going on with them on a smaller scale.
Dyads serve a different purpose than rounds, as it is an activity with only two members. Although many group members may be more comfortable speaking with one person than in a group setting such as rounds, Jacobs et al. (2016) indicates that it is important to sense if members are ready to break up into a group of two, which usually takes early on during the group sessions. Leaders can select who will be paired up or leave it up to the group members, however, it is important for the leader to be aware of who the members are selecting, according to Jacobs et al. (2016).
An example of the use of rounds is when I led a wedding industry networking group and had the members from the same industry but different professions, break up into dyads and share two things to one another that they don’t know about the other, and to gain permission from the member if allowed to share in the group after. Once the activity was over, we came together as a group and many members shared what they learned in their dyad. Although the members could have shared the two things about themselves in a round, the use of dyads allowed those members to bond for several minutes before the group came back together.
Corey, G., Corey, M.S., & Haynes, R. (2014). Groups in action: Evolution and challenges (2nd ed.). Cengage Learning.
Jacobs, E., Schimmel, C.J., Masson, R.L., & Harvill, R.L. (2016). Group counseling: Strategies and skills (8th ed.). Cengage Learning.