Public Health Question

For the final paper, students are required to write a minimum five-page paper (not including title, references) that reflect knowledge and understanding gained in your coursework. It is in essence, a type of policy analysis. Although this is an APA paper an abstract is NOT required.

Identify a legislation (passed in the United States) that has had a significant impact on the burden and distribution of disease, injury, and affects health disparities.

Print should be 12-point font (Times New Roman or Arial), with margins of one (1) inch on all four sides. All papers submitted must have APA formatting. The written assignments must reflect college-level writing and thinking. Please view this link for an example APA formatted paper:

Click on the “Signature Assignment Public Health Legislation Policy Paper” link above to submit your assignment, as well to get more information regarding the due date and grading rubric.

SECOND PART

Letter to Your Representative

Drafting a letter to your local representative regarding a position on a piece of legislation.

Communicating with elected officials is an important part of public health advocacy. Written communication to the different branches of government is often used by health and advocacy groups to ensure their perspective is considered in the debate on an issue.

Advocacy groups often engage their member advocates in campaigns to directly communicate to their representatives to assure the community voice is included in the discussions and to influence legislators and regulators. Constituents’ (you, the residents and voters) input on issues is a valued part of the democratic process and should not be underestimated. Elected officials often make decisions about voting, and even introducing bills in response to public communication. You are writing a draft letter for your primary post.

  • Visit this site to find different representatives you may be interested in writing an advocacy letter to. Enter your address to find your representatives at the Federal, state and local level. Identify which level of government you wish to send a letter to and find that elected official’s address.

——————————————

For the letter (see student sample below):

  • Begin your letter and include the representatives name and legislative title you are writing the letter to:

The Honorable John Doe,

US Congress, 53rd District

123 Elm St

San Diego CA 92103

  • Include the constituents (your) local address, email address or web form url in the address line (this information can be created and does not have to be your actual information).
  • Include an introduction and an advocacy issue appeal
    • The introduction (~1 paragraph) includes information about your personal experience, education, and interests and must include a statement of your constituency. It also introduces the issue you want to have addressed in one sentence or less.
      • Constituency means all the people (voters), served by a particular elected official, especially a legislator. In other words, a district that is representative of a specific legislator. For example, I live in Carlsbad, which is the 49th congressional district in California. It is represented by Congressman Darrell Issa
    • The advocacy appeal (~2 paragraphs) is a statement on behalf of a community asking for the issue to be addressed, thanking or expressing disappointment and/or concern for recent support of an issue. It often includes education about the issue, and is backed up by fact. For this assignment, your appeal should include a proposed solution (not a bill #) you think will address the problem.
      • Do NOT lobby (your letter may not ask for a specific bill, or a specific way to vote)
      • The topic of the issue should be discussed. Do not include a bill # or legislation name because that is lobbying.
      • Please review the advocacy sample letter in your text. This is a perfect example of a way to advocate for a cause without leaning towards lobbying. The example is in Chapter 17, p.335. Read the paragraph prior to the example letter that begins with: “There are many ways to advocate on behalf of a public health issue….”.

For more details about writing letters to elected officials, see the Community Toolbox: http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/advocacy/direct-action/letters-to-elected-officials/main

Other sample letters:

  • APHA: these are a bit lengthy, but helps you understand the gist of letters to congress, etc… Carefully review letters that do not include bill number or legislation name. This is a good example.
  • American Lung Association: sample letters. Carefully review letters that do not include bill number or legislation name. This is a good example.
  • See the STUDENT SAMPLE

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Public Health Question

Each individual will be assigned to a coalition with the goal of addressing a public health issue and policy. The coalition that each person is assigned to will be connected to a specific advocacy/policy issue reviewed in the text. The assignment approximates coalition work, which is a mainstay for public health advocacy.

Each student will represent a pre-selected advocacy coalition in order to address a public health problem and advocate for a policy solution.

Each student will represent a stakeholder agency/organization that is listed as a member of the assigned coalition (see link to the website provided below).

  • For example, the Southern AIDS Coalition consists of several organizations: Latino Commission on AIDS; AIDS Alabama; Crescent Cares; Tennessee Department of Health; and Louisiana Office of Public Health.
  • Each student will select and become a member organization (for example, student one represents/becomes the Latino Commission on AIDS and student two represents/becomes Crescent Cares).

Coalitions often prepare testimony for public hearings in order to ensure their key messages are voiced and presented to policymakers. Each coalition member organization has a slightly different perspective, but all the messages are intended to influence the policy making body to adopt a specific policy. Each coalition group will develop a presentation of coordinated public testimony to convince policy makers to adopt a policy.

The coalition testimony assignment is completed as a individual

See complete assignment description and rubric in the attachments below.


Assignments (Topic & Coalition):

Coalition One:

Coalition Two:

Coalition Three:

Coalition Four:

Coalition Five:

Coalition Six:

Coalition Seven:

Assignment Description & Rubric

Review the sample assignment below. Reviewing sample assignments is VERY IMPORTANT, please spend some time to help you get centered on this assignment.

Additionally, view the group coalition testimony recording from a previous course

    • YouTube links to view in-class testimony presentations:

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Public Health Question

You just found out that the intervention program report you finished in week 5 was accepted by the Director of the Department of Health.

She wants to move forward with a proposal to receive grant funding to create and implement the program. It all comes down to this; everything you have learned is now being put to the test. You can affect the lives of the residents of Anytown. You will submit both the proposal and a video presentation for this assignment.

Part I: Based on all the information you have gathered regarding the opioid crisis, create a mini-grant proposal to submit to the Director of the Department of Health.

In your grant proposal, be sure to include:

  1. A needs assessment:
    1. Discuss the reason for a needs assessment.
    2. Include the goals and desired outcomes of this assessment.
    3. Determine the stakeholders you would seek to help you finish the assessment. Explain your rationale for your selection.
    4. Explain the strengths and weakness of this assessment.
    5. List the resources you would recruit from the community to help you accomplish your goals.
  2. An intervention program to combat the opioid crisis (from your week 5 assignment):
    1. State your null hypothesis.
    2. Examine the type of intervention you would use.
    3. Describe the population sample you would target, why you chose this population, and how you would recruit your participants.
    4. Include any other stakeholders who were not included in your needs assessment.
    5. Discuss how you would ensure that the intervention is culturally appropriate.
  3. The evaluation process:
    1. Determine the desired outcome for this program.
    2. Detail the types of evaluations you would carry out for this program.
    3. Assess the type of statistical analysis appropriate for this intervention program.
    4. Explain the type of budget that would be appropriate for this process.
  4. The effects of this program on Anytown, U.S.A.:
    1. Analyze whether the results of this program are applicable to the general population.
    2. Based on your anticipated results, what local policies would you advocate for implementation, and what community stakeholders would assist with supporting these policies?
  5. Conclude with the potential effects of this proposal.

Your proposal should be 5–7 pages in length, excluding title and reference page. Use current APA formatting to style your paper and to cite a minimum of four sources. Integrate a minimum of four scholarly sources into the paragraphs. Use internal citations pointing to evidence in the literature and supporting your ideas. You will need to include a reference page.

Download Click here to access an example grant proposal.This is an accepted grant proposal that can help get you started. Please adhere to current APA guidelines. ( i have attached the example grant proposal)

Part 2

Part 2: Video Presentation

For this assignment, submit a 3- to 5-minute video presentation to the director, discussing your grant proposal.

Recording, Uploading, and Submitting

In your video response, be sure to include highlights from:

  1. The needs assessment
  2. The intervention program
  3. The evaluation process
  4. The effects on Anytown
  5. Finally, state why your grant proposal should be accepted as you conclude your presentation.

For Part 2 : I will record it, you just make a power point highlighting the points above

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Public Health Question

Evaluation Questions

** Each week your assignment will comprise of a vital component of your Final Evaluation Report. As such, you are encouraged to ensure that you use the feedback you receive each week to make the necessary revisions for your final report. **

The focus of questions asked during an evaluation determines the success of that process. Therefore, for this assignment you are asked to review your chosen public health program and:

  • Develop a set of five (5) potential evaluation questions.
  • Then using Step 3: 2.1 Checklist for Assessing Your Evaluation Questions on page 49 (see also pages 17-21) from your required CDC reading, assess the questions you developed to determine the ones likely to provide the most useful information for an effective evaluation.
  • Complete the checklist for each question in your submission.
  • If a question meets the criterion, provide a brief justification for how it meets the criterion (1 to 2 sentences).
  • If a question does not meet a criterion provide a detailed discussion for why the question merits inclusion in your evaluation even though it does not meet the criterion (at least 3 sentences).
  • Prioritize the evaluation questions you developed on the potential of their answers to improve the short- and long-term outcomes related to the health issue.
  • Justify the above prioritization of the evaluation questions.

Evaluation Questions assignment

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Public Health Question

Identification of Stakeholders

** Each week your assignment will comprise of a vital component of your Final Evaluation Report. As such, you are encouraged to ensure that you use the feedback you receive each week to make the necessary revisions for your final report. **

Using the tables found on page 46-47 of your required CDC reading, create a table of the key stakeholders connected to your chosen public health program. Be specific, names, locations/address, etc. The more detail you can provide the better as you will utilize this information in later weeks.

For your list of stakeholders (those who have a stake in the evaluation results), identify what information each stakeholder needs for the evaluation information to be effective for their organization. For example, an organization that funds a health program may only have an interest in the budget and how the money given is utilized.

  • Download and use the template in the CDC document to complete this assignment.
  • Identify the stakeholders and primary intended users of the evaluation. Keep in mind the public health issue that the program is supposed to address and ensure that the stakeholders or primary intended users of the evaluation are appropriate for that public health issue.
  • Provide a detailed justification for your choice of each stakeholder.
  • Identify the priority information needs of those who will use the evaluation information. Keep in mind the public health issue that the program is supposed to address and ensure that the appropriate information is identified for effective program evaluation.

Identification of Stakeholders assignment

  • With the content written into your Template, your total paper must be at least three to five double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA Style as outlined in the Writing Center’s APA Formatting for Microsoft Word resource.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper in bold font
      • Space should appear between the title and the rest of the information on the title page.
    • Student’s name
    • Name of institution (University of Arizona Global Campus)
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Due date
  • Must include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear thesis statement that indicates the purpose of your paper.
    • For assistance on writing Introductions & Conclusions as well as Writing a Thesis Statement, refer to the Writing Center resources.
    • Must use at least three scholarly sources, one of which must be from the University of Arizona Global Campus Library.
    • The Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.
    • Review the Integrating Researchinteractive for assistance of how to integrate your research rather than simply inserting it.
  • Must document any information used from sources in APA Style as outlined in the Writing Center’s APA: Citing Within Your Paper guide.
    • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA Style as outlined in the Writing Center. See the APA: Formatting Your References List resource in the Writing Center for specifications.

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Public Health Question

This week, instead of using the CA Education Guidelines, we will use a CA Department of Education program site. These are programs you could use to meet some of the health education standards. (This one would meet Standards under the content area of “Nutriton”.) We do need to practice making our lessons have measurable goals so that is also a focus of this assignment.

**You need to review and mark the SMART GOALS lesson as done before you can start the assignment.

105 Healthy Eating and Nutrition Assignment .docx download

Link to the California Department of Education site for Health and Nutrition. (Links to an external site.)

To help everyone out, I did an example activity for you in the instructions. Use this as an example. It doesn’t need to be exactly this format but it should have all these components.

GRADING

2 pts Program choice clearly listed

5 pts Why it is an important component of education and grade level. Use references to support any statistics.

10pts How you are working the program into your class

5 pts SMART goals for the lesson.

3 pts references

5pt bonus: list the CA standard for the grade level

More specifically it must:

1. An educational activity that relates to a California Healthy Eating and Nutrition programs from the link above. For example, “My activity integrates the CA Healthy Eating and Nutrition program of y. It is for student x age.” I will use these activities…

2. The activity needs to be interactive. Children need to be involved to learn. Just talking to students about health is part but cannot be all of it. Have them do something!

3.Please read the SMART goal handout. Goals must be measurable. It needs to be “by the end of the year child will be able to name 2 fruits, 2 vegetables” or By the end of the lesson the student will be able to name the levels of the food pyramid” It cannot be ” Students will learn about healthy eating”.

Have fun designing hands-on and interactive activities to support health education!

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Public Health Question

Public Health Problem Solving Assignment

(Fall – 8 week course- Outline = 25 points; Steps 2-5 =50 points for a total of 75 points for the assignment )

Overview:

1) Choose a public health concern from a list of topics given in Modules week 2 or go to https://www.apha.org/topics-and-issues (Links to an external site.) to choose from one of the topics listed on the American Public Health Association website.

2) Using the 5 step approach (using the

Actionsand described in Chapter 1 of the textbook)-write and submit an outline (use worksheet as format

Actions

) to the public health problem (submit by end of 3rd week of the course). The outline will be graded (25 points)

3) Complete the assignment worksheet (Steps 2-5)

Actions

and submit by the last day of the course.

Check out the grading rubric for the assignment:

Actions

Background of the 5 step approach:

The focus of public health is on prevention. The desire is to ensure the health, safety and well-being of entire populations. This approach strives to provide the maximum benefit for the largest number of people.

Public health relies on knowledge from a broad range of science-based disciplines including medicine, epidemiology, sociology, psychology, criminology, education, and economics. This broad knowledge base has allowed the field of public health to respond successfully to a range of health conditions across the globe.

The public health approach also emphasizes input from diverse sectors including health, education, social services, justice, policy and the private sector. Cooperative action on the part of these stakeholders can help in addressing a multitude of health concerns.

The Assignment:

We will be simplifying the process of the PH approach. Usually many people are involved and the process can take many weeks, months or even years. We will be going through all of the steps with the limited time and data that we can collect- our interventions, evaluations, and monitoring summaries will mostly be theoretical.

1) READ the following example (you will use this model for your assignment):

Actions

2) FILL IN the Step 1 portion of this worksheet-this MUST INCLUDE your public health issue AND the answers to the questions listed in the worksheet for step 1:

How many people are affected by the identified problem?

Who is experiencing the problem?

When and where is the problem occurring?

You will need to do a preliminary data search to answers these questions. You can use the data base at Grossmont College (insert link) to obtain your resources. You must have 3-5 evidence-based (no Wikipedia or website information) sources. You can refer to the

Actions

to help with the search process. All citations must be formatted correctly. (Grossmont College Database will allow you to copy the citation- simply paste to your worksheet- all other resources must use APA or MLA format (see Purdue Owl writing Center link (Links to an external site.) for help).

3) SUBMIT the part 1 worksheet during week 3 of the class- This will be graded.

Once you receive your grade on your outline- make any adjustments that were given to you in the comments of the grading area and then complete the assignment as follows:

Check the grading rubric for Part 2:

Actions

Check out the

Actions

for Steps 2-5

4) Complete Steps 2, 3, 4 and 5 using this worksheet

Actions

and submit completed assignment by the last day of the class 11:59 pm. (Submission link is in Week 8 Module)

NOTE: You need to submit a completed assignment (Steps 1-5) in the submission link. This can be part 1 worksheet and part 2 worksheet as two separate files or you can combine them into one file if you would like. Make sure to make any recommended changes to Step 1 on your completed submission.

I will not accept any work past the last day of the course- (Friday) 11:59 pm

Rubric

Public Health Prevention Assignment- Part 2

Public Health Prevention Assignment- Part 2

Criteria Ratings Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeFormat of worksheet (part 2)

5 pts

Exemplary

Used the correct format for the submitted worksheet and had little or no grammar, spelling or formatting issues.

3.5 pts

Developing

Used the correct format for the submitted worksheet, but had errors with grammar, spelling, or formatting (including citations)

2 pts

Beginning

Did not use the provided format for the submitted worksheet

5 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStep 2 Identify Risk and Protective Factors

10 pts

Exemplary

Listed at least 1 risk factor and at least 1 protective factor for the problem. Each listed risk or protective factor had 1 properly cited source.

7 pts

Developing

Listed at least 1 risk factor and at least 1 protective factor, but may be missing 1 cited source.

4 pts

Beginning

Did not list both risk factors and protective factors for the problem OR is missing multiple cited sources OR citations are not properly cited (when checked do not correlate with factors)

10 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStep 3 Existing effective strategies

10 pts

Exemplary

Answered all of the given questions with detail or thoroughness. Properly cited sources given to each answer.

7 pts

Developing

Answered all of the given questions, but lacked detail or thoroughness OR cited source may be missing.

4 pts

Beginning

Did not answer all of the given questions OR citations are not properly cited (when checked do not correlate with factors)

10 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStep 3 Specific interventions/strategies that will be used

10 pts

Exemplary

Answered all of the given questions with detail or thoroughness. Properly cited sources given to each answer.

7 pts

Developing

Answered all of the given questions, but lacked detail or thoroughness OR cited source may be missing.

4 pts

Beginning

Did not answer all of the given questions OR citations are not properly cited (when checked do not correlate with factors)

10 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStep 4 & 5 Implement interventions and monitor for assurance

15 pts

Exemplary

Answered all of the given questions with detail or thoroughness. Properly cited sources given to each answer if needed.

10.5 pts

Developing

Answered all of the given questions, but lacked detail or thoroughness OR cited source may be missing.

7.5 pts

Beginning

Did not answer all of the given questions OR citations are not properly cited (when checked do not correlate with factors)

15 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeHED 201 SLO 01Differentiate between the basic epidemiological methods used to determine sources and causation of disease.

threshold: 2.0 pts

3 ptsOutcome Exceeded

2 ptsOutcome met

1 ptsOutcome not met

Total Points: 50

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Public Health Question

Final Paper

Based on correspondence received or not received in Week Five:

  • Option #1: If you did not receive an offer letter for any of the positions applied to, choose the program you were most interested in evaluating and develop an evaluation plan using the template below.
  • Option #2: If you accepted a job offer, develop an evaluation plan for the health program, initiative or action that you have been employed to evaluate. Use the template below.
  • Evaluation Plan Template:
    • Title page: Contains an easily identifiable program name, the dates covered, and the basic focus of the evaluation.
    • Intended use and users: Fosters transparency about the purpose(s) of the evaluation and identifies who will have access to evaluation results. It is important to build a market for evaluation results from the beginning. Clarifying the primary intended users, the members of the stakeholder evaluation workgroup, and the purpose(s) of the evaluation will help to build this market.
    • Program description: Provides the opportunity for building a shared understanding of the theory of change driving the program. This section often includes a logic model, a description of the stage of development of the program, and a narrative description.
    • Evaluation focus: Provides the opportunity to document how the evaluation focus will be narrowed and what the rationale for the prioritization process will be. Given that there are never enough resources or time to answer every evaluation question, it is critical to work collaboratively to prioritize the evaluation based on a shared understanding of the theory of change identified in the logic model, the stage of development of the program, the intended uses of the evaluation, as well as feasibility issues. This section should delineate the criteria for evaluation prioritization and include a discussion of feasibility and efficiency.
    • Methods: Identifies evaluation indicators and performance measures, data sources and methods, as well as roles and responsibilities. This section provides a clear description of how the evaluation will be implemented to ensure credibility of evaluation information.
    • Analysis and interpretation plan: Clarifies how information will be analyzed and describes the process for interpretation of results. This section describes who will get to see interim results, whether there will be a stakeholder interpretation meeting or meetings, and methods that will be used to analyze the data.
    • Use, dissemination, and sharing plan: Describes plans for use of evaluation results and dissemination of evaluation findings. Clear, specific plans for evaluation use should be discussed from the beginning. This section should include a broad overview of how findings are to be used as well as more detailed information about the intended modes and methods for sharing results with stakeholders. This is a critical but often neglected section of the evaluation plan.

The Final Paper

  • Must be five to eight double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must include an introduction and conclusion paragraphs.
  • Must use at least six scholarly sources produced within the last five years from the University of Arizona Global Campus Library—no websites.
  • The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
  • All citations must have a corresponding reference listed on the reference page.
  • All references must have a corresponding citation in the body of the assignment.
  • Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center. See the Formatting Your References List resource in the Writing Center for specifications.

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Public Health Question

Answer To Essay-200 Words Minimum (RA)

Write an answer based on this essay, do not answer one by one, just in general. use at least 2 references but not the same that appear here.

1. In the last century, what historical, social, political, and economic trends and issues have influenced today’s health-care system?

The rapidly changing health care delivery system is driven by many forces that are influencing the current movement toward improved quality and safety. Some of these forces include economics, societal demographics and diversity regulation, technology, healthcare delivery and practice, and environment and globalization.

Economics: US health care delivery has been affected by many economic trends and issues. Businesses, government, and the media decry the cost of health care within the United States when compared with that of other developed nations (Whitehead, D., & Weiss, S. 2010). The cost of research and the cost to develop new treatments and technology are rising. Educated consumers will expect safe, quality care with associated satisfaction and health outcomes.

Societal demographics and diversity, increased numbers of racial and ethnic groups will influence health care delivery. Increased numbers of elderly people increase lifespan and improvements in technology mean an emphasis on specialized geriatric care. Both the elderly and ethnic minority are at risk population who suffer disadvantage in access payment and quality of care.

2. What is the purpose and process of evaluating the three aspects of health care: structure, process, and outcome?

A Continuous Quality Improvement evaluates three aspect of health care: the structure within which the care is given, the process of given care, and the outcome of that care.

Structure: refer to the setting in which the care is given and to resources that are available. There are aspects of the health care organization that can be evaluated: facility, equipment, staff, and finances. Although none of these structural factors alone can guaranty quality care, they make good care more likely.

Process: Process refers to the activity carried out by the healthcare providers and all the decision made while a patient is interesting with the organization. For example: setting of appointments, conducting a physical assessment, ordering a radiograph (Taylor, M. 2013). Each of these processes can be evaluated in terms of timeliness. When process data are collected a set of objectives, procedures, or guidelines id needed to serve as a stand or gauge against which to compare the activity.

Outcomes: An outcome is the result of all the healthcare providers’ activities. Outcomes measures evaluate the effectiveness of nursing activities by answering such questions as: Did the patient recover? Outcomes standard address indicators such as physical and mental health, social and physical function, health attitudes, knowledge, and behavior.

It is necessary to evaluate the process as well as the outcome to determine why an intervention such as patient teaching succeeds or fails. A comprehensive evaluation includes all three aspects: structure, process and outcome.

3. How does technology improve patient outcomes and the health-care system?

Nurses must embrace technology and integrate it into their nursing practice. Technology will not go away. It will continue to transform health care delivery systems. Because of technology, individual and groups communicate in new ways; the way health care is delivery and acquired has changed. Nursing must continue to take a leadership role in the incorporation of technology in health care. Nursing informatics will provide the tools and skills to assist health care to move ahead in the ever changing world. Advances in technology may make vaccines for cancer and medications to prevent vascular disease available someday(Taylor, M. 2013). New organs and body parts that correct or improve function may be commonly accessible. It is conceivable that bloodless surgery will be performed and drugs without side effects will be developed. Computer programs and clinical simulator will be universally used for practice in health education. This all advanced technology will contribute to improve patient outcomes and health care system.

4. How can you intervene to improve quality of care and safety within the health-care system and at the bedside?

To achieve safe patient care a culture of safety must exist. Organizations and senior leadership must drive change to develop culture safety blame free environment in which reporting of error is promoted and rewarded. A culture of safety promotes trust, honesty, openness, and transparency. Teamwork and involvement of the patient contributes to promoting a culture of safety. When a culture of safety exists individual providers do not fear reprisal and are not blamed for identifying or reporting error. Reported errors provide data and information necessary to understand why or how the error occurred, thus improving care and preventing harm.

5. Select one of the nonprofit organization or one government agency that influences and advocates for quality improvement in the health-care system. Explore the Web site for your selected organization/agency and answer the following questions:

The National Patient Safety Foundation’s vision is to create a world where patients and those who care for them are free from harm. A central voice for patient safety since 1997, NPSF partners with patients and families, the health care community, and key stakeholders to advance patient safety and health care workforce safety and disseminate strategies to prevent harm. NPSF is an independent, not-for-profit organization.

a) • What does the organization/agency do that supports the hallmarks of quality?

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is a U.S. government agency that functions as a part of the Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) to support research to help improve the quality of health care. It uses a system of quality indicators to determine the standards of quality health care and if a provider is meeting those standards(Tappen, R. M., Weiss, S. A., & Whitehead, D. K. 2004). These indicators are divided into four subcategories that each monitor a different aspect of health care quality. Hospital performance results based on these quality indicators are reported on an HHS site called Hospital Compare and are published in an annual AHRQ survey. However, as a research organization, the AHRQ lacks the authority to penalize organizations who receive low marks for the quality indicators. In addition to its quality indicators, the AHRQ publishes the results of its research as reports, toolkits or other resources for health care providers. One AHRQ project, for example, is a toolkit that helps standardize health information exchange and the storage of personal health information The AHRQ’s document helps provide a more streamlined approach to health information technology data storage and exchange.

b)• What have been the results of their efforts for patients, facilities, the health-care delivery system, and or the nursing profession?

The health care sector in the United States consists of an array of clinicians, hospitals and other health care facilities, insurance plans, and purchasers of health care services, all operating in various configurations of groups, networks, and independent practices. Some are based in the public sector; others operate in the private sector as either for-profit or not-for-profit entities. The health care sector also includes regulators, some voluntary and others governmental. Although these various individuals and organizations are generally referred to collectively as “the health care delivery system,” the phrase suggests an order, integration, and accountability that do not exist. Communication, collaboration, or systems planning among these various entities is limited and is almost incidental to their operations. For convenience, however, the committee uses the common terminology of health care delivery system

c)• How has the organization/agency affected facilities where you are practicing and your own professional practice.

The health care sector in the United States consists of an array of clinicians, hospitals and other health care facilities, insurance plans, and purchasers of health care services, all operating in various configurations of groups, networks, and independent practices. Some are based in the public sector; others operate in the private sector as either for-profit or not-for-profit entities. The health care sector also includes regulators, some voluntary and others governmental. Although these various individuals and organizations are generally referred to collectively as “the health care delivery system,” the phrase suggests an order, integration, and accountability that do not exist. Communication, collaboration, or systems planning among these various entities is limited and is almost incidental to their operations. For convenience, however, the committee uses the common terminology of health care delivery system

Reference

Whitehead, D., & Weiss, S. (2010). In Essentials of nursing leadership and management (5th ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.

Tappen, R. M., Weiss, S. A., & Whitehead, D. K. (2004). Essentials of nursing leadership and

management. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.

Taylor, M. (2013). Shared governance in the modern university. Higher Education Quarterly,

67(1), 80-94.

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Public Health Question

In this role, you see a large number of people who have lived through, lived with, or have a family member who has experienced historical trauma. How will you inform the employees about working with this type of population? You will create a newsletter to distribute to the staff to inform them about the historical trauma model for two of the following populations:

  • African Americans
  • American Indians
  • Japanese Americans
  • Holocaust survivors
  • Refugees
  • Immigrants

For this assignment:

  1. Select two of the populations listed above.
  2. Explain how the historical trauma model can be useful in public health.
  3. Detail the cultural vulnerabilities for each population in relation to the historical trauma model.
  4. Describe how public health personnel can understand more about their patients’ cultures so that they can be better prepared to help with patient needs.
  5. Use APA (6th ed.) format to cite your sources. Integrate your sources into the paragraphs and use internal citations pointing to evidence in the literature and supporting your ideas. You will need to include a reference page listing those sources.

Please note, the example’s content (attached as Week 3 Magazine example) does not relate to this assignment. This is for visual help only.

Please refer to the rubric below for specific grading criteria.

Meets Expectations Approaches Expectations Falls Slightly Below Expectations Does Not Meet Expectations
Discussion of Health Risk Behaviors and Populations Vulnerable to It

Points Range:41.5 (33.20%) – 50 (40.00%)

Identifies and demonstrates a sophisticated understanding of the questions asked for this assignment.

Points Range:36.5 (29.20%) – 41 (32.80%)

Identifies and demonstrates an accomplished understanding of the questions asked for this assignment.

Points Range:30 (24.00%) – 36 (28.80%)

Identifies and demonstrates little understanding of the questions asked for this assignment. disparities.

Points Range:0 (0.00%) – 29.5 (23.60%)

Does not demonstrate an acceptable understanding of the questions asked for this assignment.

Understanding Cultural Vulnerabilities Among Different Populations

Points Range:46.6875 (37.35%) – 56.25 (45.00%)

Presents an insightful and thorough analysis of how the student understands the Historical Trauma Model as it relates to cultural vulnerabilities.

Points Range:41.0625 (32.85%) – 46.125 (36.90%)

Presents a thorough analysis of how the student understands the Historical Trauma Model as it relates to cultural vulnerabilities.

Points Range:33.75 (27.00%) – 40.5 (32.40%)

Presents a limited analysis of how the student understands the Historical Trauma Model as it relates to cultural vulnerabilities.

Points Range:0 (0.00%) – 33.1875 (26.55%)

Presents a superficial or incomplete analysis of how the student understands the Historical Trauma Model as it relates to cultural vulnerabilities.

Writing Mechanics

Points Range:10.375 (8.30%) – 12.5 (10.00%)

Writing demonstrates a sophisticated clarity, conciseness, and correctness, includes thorough details, relevant data, and information, and is extremely well-organized. Punctuation, spelling, and capitalization are all correct, and there are no errors (0 errors).

Points Range:9.125 (7.30%) – 10.25 (8.20%)

Writing is accomplished in terms of clarity and conciseness and contains only a few errors, includes sufficient details, relevant data, and information, and is well-organized. Punctuation, spelling, and capitalization are generally correct with few errors (1–2 errors).

Points Range:7.5 (6.00%) – 9 (7.20%)

Writing lacks clarity or conciseness and contains numerous errors, provides insufficient detail, relevant data, and information, and lacks organization. Errors in punctuation, spelling, and capitalization detract from the readability of the paper (3–4 errors).

Points Range:0 (0.00%) – 7.375 (5.90%)

Writing is unfocused, rambling, or contains serious errors, lacks detail, relevant data, and information, and is poorly organized. There are many distracting errors in punctuation, spelling, and capitalization (>4 errors).

APA Guidelines

Points Range:5.1875 (4.15%) – 6.25 (5.00%)

Uses APA guidelines accurately and consistently to cite sources (0 errors). Sources are used and cited expertly and are peer-reviewed, relevant sources.

Points Range:4.5625 (3.65%) – 5.125 (4.10%)

Uses APA guidelines with minor violations to cite sources (1–2 errors). Sources are somewhat relevant but may be limited in scholarly nature.

Points Range:3.75 (3.00%) – 4.5 (3.60%)

Reflects incomplete knowledge of APA guidelines (3–4 errors). Sources are not cited or cited with many errors. Sources are not scholarly in nature.

Points Range:0 (0.00%) – 3.6875 (2.95%)

Does not use APA guidelines. No scholarly research is evident, and does not meet the required number of sources.

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public health question.

I don’t understand this Health & Medical question and need help to study.

Answer the following from Chapter20 in the text:

the text is : Introduction to Public Health, 5th Edition (2017). Schneider, M-J., Jones and Bartlett. IBSN:

978-1-284-08923-3;

List two federal agencies involved in environmental health in the U.S. For each, give a short description of what the agency is responsible for and an example of the work that the agency does.

Your response should be 1-2 paragraphs, typed, 12 pt. Times New Roman font, double spaced with 1″ margins and a Word .doc or .docx. Any sources you use should be cited as per APA guidelines.

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