psychic blindness

Question 1 of 40 2.5 Points

It is possible to cause a monkey to develop a condition called psychic blindness by surgically removing that animal’s __________. When this happens the animal will lose its fear of objects that might ordinarily cause terror and extreme avoidant behaviors.

 

A. prefrontal cortex

 

B. amygdala

 

C. reticular activating system

 

D. medulla oblongata

Question 2 of 40 2.5 Points

Which of the following statements has research found with regard to androgynous people?

 

A. They have a greater likelihood of having a non-heterosexual orientation.

 

B. They are highly functioning and effective because they do not limit themselves to one set of gender rules.

 

C. They have greater difficulties in adolescence as a result of peer teasing.

 

D. They are socially inept because they cannot relate effectively to people of their own or the opposite sex.

Question 3 of 40 2.5 Points

Emily is camping in the woods when suddenly her heart starts racing and her breathing increases. She isn’t even aware that a bear has come out from behind a tree, but suddenly she begins feeling terror! Which theory of emotions suggests that our bodies’ physiological changes can lead to the emotion of fear?

 

A. Plutchik’s Emotional Wheel theory

 

B. Schachter and Singer Two-Factor theory

 

C. James-Lange theory

 

D. Cannon-Bard theory

Question 4 of 40 2.5 Points

“Turn that frown upside down, mister!” Maybe you heard this line from a grandparent at some point in your life. Okay, if you are a girl, maybe it was “missy,” but you get the point! According to the __________ hypothesis, smiling can, in fact, cause you to become happier!

 

A. myographic stimulation

 

B. facial feedback

 

C. positive muscular

 

D. masking

Question 5 of 40 2.5 Points

Which of the following can cause a genetic male to develop female external genitalia?

 

A. Klinefelter syndrome

 

B. androgen insensitivity syndrome

 

C. Wolffian androgynous syndrome

 

D. Müllerian atrophication syndrome

Question 6 of 40 2.5 Points

The __________ law states that in general people perform at their best when they experience a moderate level of arousal; too little arousal will not motivate their best effort, and too much arousal will interfere with their performance.

 

A. Yerkes-Dodson

 

B. Wertheimer-Werth

 

C. Berman-Silverman

 

D. Shneidman-Farberow

Question 7 of 40 2.5 Points

Thirteen-year-old Debbie is attempting to jump off of the high diving board for the very first time. Though she does not have a pathological fear of heights, the concept of jumping off of a ten-meter board is very stressful for her. As she walks to the edge of the board, her heart begins to pound and she gets goose bumps on her skin. These responses refer to the __________ component of an emotion.

 

A. expressive behavior

 

B. affective relay

 

C. cognitive experience

 

D. physiological arousal

Question 8 of 40 2.5 Points

The __________ system is to boys as the __________ system is to girls.

 

A. Wolffian; Müllerian

 

B. Stausberg; Flynn

 

C. Müllerian; Wolffian

 

D. Flynn; Stausberg

Question 9 of 40 2.5 Points

Which of the following is a reliable predictor of happiness?

 

A. parenthood

 

B. optimism

 

C. higher education levels

 

D. physical attractiveness

Question 10 of 40 2.5 Points

Which of the following concepts underlies the placement of emotions on Plutchik’s Emotion Wheel?

 

A. Emotions should be placed alphabetically around the wheel so it is easy to remember which one goes in which position.

 

B. Emotions should be placed on opposite ends of the wheel when they contrast each other.

 

C. One side of the wheel should refer to negative emotions while the other side should refer to positive emotions, but which emotion goes in which slot is not relevant.

 

D. Emotions all exist in the same intensity, which is why the Emotion Wheel only exists in two dimensions.

Question 11 of 40 2.5 Points

Despite the fact that a prefrontal lobotomy can, in fact, help to reduce the intensity of emotions, it also has the side effect of __________.

 

A. causing severe long-term memory loss

 

B. interrupting motor skills in the legs and feet

 

C. causing the hallucinations and delusions often associated with schizophrenia

 

D. impairing a person’s ability to plan or manage their life

Question 12 of 40 2.5 Points

Which of the following has been found by research into having a social support system and physical health?

 

A. Women who have social support systems are more likely to get breast cancer screenings.

 

B. Men who do not have social support systems are more likely to suffer from alcoholism.

 

C. Adolescent girls with social support systems are paradoxically more likely to develop an eating disorder.

 

D. Adolescents who have social support systems are less likely to engage in risky behavior, including drugs and unprotected sex.

Question 13 of 40 2.5 Points

Ross has been outside for the past four hours mowing the lawn and doing yard work on a ninety degree day. He comes inside and immediately begins downing glasses of water. After he’s had three or four glasses, he stops drinking so quickly and calms down a bit. Ross’s motivation to drink water is best explained by Clark Hull’s __________ theory.

 

A. extrinsic satisfaction

 

B. hedonic principle

 

C. drive-reduction

 

D. altruistic drive

Question 14 of 40 2.5 Points

An intersex individual is defined as a person who __________.

 

A. desires a sex change (or gender reassignment. operation because they are, in fact, homosexual

 

B. is asexual as a result of a lack of appropriate hormonal activation during puberty

 

C. enjoys dressing in the clothing of the opposite gender for the purpose of sexual arousal

 

D. is born with nonstandard male or female genitalia

Question 15 of 40 2.5 Points

What is the relationship between the terms “mood” and “emotion?”

 

A. A mood is part of an emotion, but an emotion is not part of a mood.

 

B. An emotion is a response to a specific stimulus, while a mood is a more general free-floating feeling that does not relate directly to a stimulus.

 

C. An emotion is part of a mood, but a mood is not a part of an emotion.

 

D. A mood has an affective component, while an emotion has an expressive and a physiological component.

Question 16 of 40 2.5 Points

All emotions, by definition, have __________, which refers to a positive or negative quality or “tone.”

 

A. affect

 

B. valence

 

C. mood

 

D. qualitative set

Question 17 of 40 2.5 Points

Chastity and Shane are fraternal twins, born seventeen minutes apart. They go through many of life’s trials and tribulations together, but if their developmental schedules hold true to average, Chastity will start going through her pubescent development approximately ___________ her brother.

 

A. the same time as

 

B. five years earlier than

 

C. three years later than

 

D. two years earlier than

Question 18 of 40 2.5 Points

When a child is conceived and has an XY chromosome type, that child is genetically a boy. Which of the following statements best reflects where his chromosomes came from?

 

A. He got his X chromosome from Mom and his Y chromosome from Dad.

 

B. He got his Y chromosome from Mom and the X chromosome from Dad.

 

C. He got his XX chromosomes from Mom, but the XY chromosomes he got from Dad were genetically dominant, and that is why he is going to be a boy.

 

D. It is impossible to know which chromosome came from which parent.

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

Sarah runs track for her high school, and generally runs the longer distances. She notices that even though she experiences pain as the race continues, she can count on eventually experiencing a brief break from the pain, called the “runner’s high.” This is caused by the release of __________, neurotransmitters that inhibit pain and stimulate the immediate pleasure of rewards.

 

A. gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA.

 

B. dopamine

 

C. endorphins

 

D. ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA.

Question 20 of 40 2.5 Points

There are three primary components to the experiencing of any emotion. They are __________.

 

A. conventional, preconventional, and postconventional components

 

B. physiological arousal, expressive behavior, and cognitive experience

 

C. conscious, preconscious, and unconscious components

 

D. alarm, resistance, and exhaustion

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Once an individual determines that the stressor in his or her life is significant enough to require some response, they will engage in a __________ appraisal, in which their stress-coping resources are evaluated to determine the extent to which they will be able to handle or deal with the stressor.

 

A. proactive

 

B. defensive

 

C. secondary

 

D. reactive

Question 22 of 40 2.5 Points

Louanne has been having difficulties with stress lately, so she goes to a therapist who talks her through the process of alternately tensing and relaxing different muscle groups in her body. Then they work on proper breathing technique. The goal of these exercises, which are collectively called __________ therapy, is to help relieve tension and stress.

 

A. relaxation

 

B. dynamic muscle

 

C. peace induction

 

D. biofeedback

Question 23 of 40 2.5 Points

Almost __________% of Americans report experiencing frequent stress, with the same number reporting occasional stress in their live

 

A. 95

 

B. 70

 

C. 55

 

D. 40

Question 24 of 40 2.5 Points

Gene is being trained in the ability to give a psychological __________, which means to assign a label for a person’s mental disorder assigned by identifying and classifying patterns of behavior.

 

A. evaluation

 

B. prognosis

 

C. diagnosis

 

D. assessment

Question 25 of 40 2.5 Points

The mental and physical responses that we experience when exposed to threatening or challenging events is called __________.

 

A. panic

 

B. stress

 

C. anxiety

 

D. terror

Question 26 of 40 2.5 Points

Aliya has been suffering from changes in her mood recently. She goes from a “normal” mood state to a mildly elevated mood where she seems to be more creative and energetic. She is still able to function when these elevations in mood occur, but they do seem odd given her history of being a very even and level person. Aliya is experiencing bouts of __________.

 

A. mania

 

B. rapid cycling

 

C. dysthymia

 

D. hypomania

Question 27 of 40 2.5 Points

Anat is seeing a psychotherapist for recent onset symptoms of depression. As the therapist is doing her initial evaluation, she learns that Anat and her boyfriend recently broke up, and that Anat has been taking the end of that relationship with great difficulty. Which of the DSM-IV-TR axes would be used to chart this clinically important information?

 

A. axis V

 

B. axis III

 

C. axis IV

 

D. axis II

Question 28 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following areas of the brain have not been shown to have unusually high activity in people who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder?

 

A. the basal ganglia

 

B. the striate nuclei

 

C. parts of the limbic system

 

D. the frontal lobe

Question 29 of 40 2.5 Points

__________-focused coping is a coping strategy that involves a person attempting to alleviate stress directly, either by eliminating the source of a stressor or by changing the way he or she behaves in stressful situations.

 

A. Behavior

 

B. Emotion

 

C. Adaption

 

D. Problem

Question 30 of 40

2.5 Points

Natalya has received a phone call saying that her child is sick at school and needs to be picked up. Natalya is suddenly very flustered as she struggles to think of how she is going to get coverage at work, get to her child’s school, and perhaps make an appointment with her doctor, all in just a few minutes. The stress that Natalya feels to this challenging set of circumstances could best be described as __________ stress.

 

A. acute

 

B. intrinsic

 

C. chronic

 

D. extrinsic

Question 31 of 40 2.5 Points

The major precept of catharsis theory, the idea that venting our emotions helps to deflate them, has found what response in the research community?

 

A. Research has not supported the idea that venting can decrease rage, and in fact has found that venting can cause rage to increase.

 

B. Research has found that catharsis is only useful for men, since they get angry much more often than women.

 

C. Research has found that catharsis is only useful for children, since they don’t have the vocabulary to express their anger in other ways.

 

D. Research has found that catharsis is only useful for people who live in individualistic cultures, and not those who live in collectivist cultures.

Question 32 of 40 2.5 Points

What is the relationship between perceived control and the experience of stress?

 

A. Research has not revealed any relationship between stress and perceived control.

 

B. Stress and control are directly related, meaning that the more control we perceive we have, the more stress we tend to experience.

 

C. The perception that one has control over a situation helps reduce the stress caused by that situation.

 

D. Experiencing stress in a given situation lowers our perception of the control we have over that stressor.

Question 33 of 40 2.5 Points

A sense of powerlessness underlies the theory of learned helplessness and its contribution to the symptoms of depression. This theory was researched and explained by __________.

 

A. Martin Seligman

 

B. Aaron Beck

 

C. Paul Glasser

 

D. Fritz Perls

Question 34 of 40 2.5 Points

Which of the following is one of the criteria for defining a mental disorder as spelled out in the DSM-IV-TR?

 

A. The disturbances involve short-term, acute distress.

 

B. The disturbances are best explained by poverty, prejudice, or other social forces.

 

C. The disturbances are viewed by mental health professionals as harmful, deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional.

 

D. The disturbances have a rapid onset and are a marked change from recent functioning.

Question 35 of 40 2.5 Points

The major finding of Walter Cannon’s research into the physiological consequences of stress was that __________.

 

A. psychological stress can cause a change in physical functioning that activates and assists our responses

 

B. psychological stress is the number-one factor in the cause of heart disease

 

C. psychological stress, in small amounts, actually promotes cellular repair more rapidly than when that stress is absent

 

D. psychological stress causes the hormonal changes that mirror menopause in women and andropause in men, which is why stress so often leaves people “moody” and unpleasant

Question 36 of 40 2.5 Points

Which of the following is the title of the book that classifies psychological disorders and lists the symptoms of each diagnosis?

 

A. The Stafford Handbook of Psychiatric Diagnosis

 

B. The Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders

 

C. The International Mental Illness Tome

 

D. The American Standard Diagnostic Encyclopedia

Question 37 of 40 2.5 Points

Which of the following is not one of the symptoms commonly seen in those suffering from PTSD?

 

A. emotional numbing

 

B. sleeplessness

 

C. significant weight gain

 

D. high arousal

Question 38 of 40 2.5 Points

In order for a person with bipolar disorder to be described as going through rapid cycling, he or she must experience __________.

 

A. four or more episodes of mania or depression in one year

 

B. six or more episodes of mania or depression in six months

 

C. three or more episodes of mania or depression in one month

 

D. three or more episodes of mania or depression in three months

Question 39 of 40 2.5 Points

Jennifer has learned that her boss is very unhappy with her performance on a recent project. She also knows that the company has been in trouble lately, and that people are in danger of losing their jobs. Which of the following would be the best example of a rational coping response from Jennifer?

 

A. Jennifer goes to her boss, discusses the deficits in her performance, and gets feedback on how to improve.

 

B. Jennifer makes sure to avoid seeing her boss, because if she cannot be found than she cannot be fired.

 

C. Jennifer scrambles to get coworkers who are friends to agree to “share” the blame for the deficient work, so that everyone can’t be fired at once.

 

D. Jennifer takes a day off, works on the project at home to try to improve it, and then hopes to submit it without her boss realizing that she redid the work.

Question 40 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the difference between an obsession and a compulsion?

 

A. An obsession is experienced privately, while a compulsion is evident to others.

 

B. An obsession is a thought, while a compulsion is a behavior.

 

C. An obsession is a behavior, while a compulsion is a thought.

 

D. An obsession is evident to others, while a compulsion is experienced privately.

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