POLS 2320 TU United States Po

QUESTION 1

  1. Which of the following groups is most likely, according to survey data, to believe that God has uniquely blessed America:
    Catholics
    Evangelicals
    Mainline Protestants
    Jews

1 points 

QUESTION 2

  1. The longstanding belief that socialism has a legitimacy problem in the eyes of Americans seems to be cast in doubt by:
    Senator Bernie Sanders’ 2016 and 2020 campaigns for the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination
    the strong performance of the Socialist Party in the 2020 congressional elections
    recent polling data showing that almost 8 in 10 Americans say that they would vote for their party’s presidential candidate even if he or she were to be an avowed socialist
    all of the above

1 points 

QUESTION 3

  1. In the years before and around the time of the American Revolution, the slave populations of some states in what became the United States were as high as ___ percent of the total state population:
    10-20
    20-30
    30-40
    40 or more

1 points 

QUESTION 4

  1. James Davison Hunter’s 1991 book, Culture Wars, popularized the idea that Americans have become more polarized when it comes to:
    morality issues
    race relations
    their view of the role that the United States should play in the world
    taxation and government spending

1 points 

QUESTION 5

  1. The Articles of Confederation:
    created a “league of friendship”
    maintained the sovereignty of the states
    gave each state equal representation in the new national congress
    all of the above

1 points 

QUESTION 6

  1. According to a Pew Research survey discussed in our first class, Americans are more likely than Canadians, Europeans, Japanese or Australians to say that ______ is/are important to be truly “one of us”:
    being able to speak the national language
    sharing national customs and traditions
    being Christian
    all of the above

1 points 

QUESTION 7

  1. The words “city on a hill” are from:
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s first “fireside chat” broadcast on the radio during the Great Depression
    George W. Bush’s State of the Union address to Congress before the 2003 invasion of Iraq
    John Winthrop, first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
    John F. Kennedy’s speech at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin

1 points 

QUESTION 8

  1. Ratification of the Constitution in the state of New York might not have taken place except for:
    publication of Thomas Paine’s pamphlet, Common Sense
    publication of the Federalist Papers
    an attack on New York harbor by British Loyalists
    Benjamin Franklin’s Poor Richard’s Almanac

1 points 

QUESTION 9

  1. According to the 2017 Pew Typology, the size of the gap between which two groups is usually largest for the various questions asked by the Pew survey:
    Country First Conservatives and Disaffected Democrats
    Solid Liberals and New Era Enterprisers
    Core Conservatives and Solid Liberals
    Core Conservatives and New Era Enterprisers

1 points 

QUESTION 10

  1. The region often referred to as the “Bible Belt” is found mainly in:
    the western states, including Alaska and Hawaii
    New England
    The South
    the Upper Midwest

1 points 

QUESTION 11

  1. The Connecticut Compromise accepted at the 1787 Philadelphia Convention included:
    representation by population in the House of Representatives
    equality of state representation in the Senate
    direct election of senators and members of Congress by the American people
    a and b

1 points 

QUESTION 12

  1. On the matter of slavery, the Constitution adopted in 1789:
    abolished it
    counted a slave as three-fifths of a person for purposes of state representation in the House of Representatives
    banned the extension of slavery into newly acquired territories of the United States
    decreed that it would no longer be lawful after 1839

1 points 

QUESTION 13

  1. According to data from the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication, the values gap between Red and Blue America is rooted in:
    demographic differences
    differences in education
    racial differences
    differences in world views

1 points 

QUESTION 14

  1. According to Gallup polls in 2015 and again in 2019, the percentage of Americans saying that they would not vote for their party’s presidential candidate was greatest if he or she was:
    gay or lesbian
    Muslim
    atheist
    socialist

1 points 

QUESTION 15

  1. The First Amendment includes two religion clauses. They are:
    the free speech and assembly clauses
    the free exercise and establishment clauses
    the free exercise and assembly clauses
    the free press and free exercise clauses

1 points 

QUESTION 16

  1. In which of the following groups, identified by the Pew Research Center’s 2017 political typology, is least religious (as measured by such behaviors as church attendance):
    New Era Enterprisers
    Solid Liberals
    Opportunity Democrats
    Disaffected Democrats

1 points 

QUESTION 17

  1. Which of the following statements about the process for amending the Constitution is/are true:
    an amendment may be proposed by a 2/3rds majority of the House of Representatives and the Senate
    an amendment may be ratified by 3/4ths of the state legislatures
    an amendment may be proposed by the president
    all of the above
    a and b

1 points 

QUESTION 18

  1. Who among the following is most likely to be associated with the notion of the separation of church and state:
    Benjamin Franklin
    Thomas Jefferson
    James Madison
    George Washington

1 points 

QUESTION 19

  1. In Federalist Paper 51, Madison says that “Ambition must be made to counteract ______”:
    ambition
    ignorance
    narrow self-interest
    tyranny

1 points 

QUESTION 20

  1. Which of the following statements is true:
    most Americans agree that government is run for the benefit of a few big interests
    most Americans agree that elections make government pay some or a good deal of attention
    most Americans have a low level of trust in government
    all of the above

1 points 

QUESTION 21

  1. According to the 2017 Pew Typology, church attendance is lowest among the members of which group:
    Country First Conservatives
    New Era Enterprisers
    Disaffected Democrats
    Solid Liberals

1 points 

QUESTION 22

  1. God Talk is argued by some to have been an important feature of progressive movements in American politics over the years, including in the case(s) of the:
    Women’s suffrage movement
    Temperance movement
    Black Civil Rights Movement
    all of the above
    a and b

1 points 

QUESTION 23

  1. What is sometimes called the “reindeer rule”, as referred to in Lynch v. Donnelly (1984) and other Supreme Court rulings, deals with:
    the establishment clause of the First Amendment
    the free exercise clause of the First Amendment
    the doctrine of “reasonable accommodation”
    a and c

1 points 

QUESTION 24

  1. What is often called “God talk” in American politics?
    the endorsement of candidates by evangelical Christian ministers
    the frequent use of religious words and symbols by American politicians
    the claim by some politicians that God speaks directly to them
    the belief held by many Americans that their country is morally superior to all others

1 points 

QUESTION 25

  1. In American federalism, what is referred to as a “mandate” may involve:
    a court ruling requiring a state government to do a particular thing
    a congressional law requiring a state government to do a particular thing
    a state law that requires Congress to authorize spending on a particular thing
    a and b

1 points 

QUESTION 26

  1. According to the 2017 Pew Typology, in which of the following groups are Hispanics most overrepresented:
    Disaffected Democrats
    Solid Liberals
    Bystanders
    Market Skeptic Republicans

1 points 

QUESTION 27

  1. When asked whether the United States is superior to other countries, Americans are most likely to say yes in the case of:
    the economic system
    the system of government
    the health care system
    individual freedom

1 points 

QUESTION 28

  1. According to surveys, which of the following groups was least likely to have voted for Donald Trump in 2016 and again in 2020:
    Jewish voters and the religiously unaffiliated
    White, born-again evangelicals
    Catholics
    Protestants

1 points 

QUESTION 29

  1. Yale psychologist Michael Kraus argues that white Americans misperceive the scale of racial inequality in their society because of:
    poor education
    a deeply entrenched belief in personal agency and equality of opportunity
    unconscious dislike of Black Americans
    fake news in the media

1 points 

QUESTION 30

  1. Which of the following is/are not part of what Gunnar Myrdal, in his book An American Dilemma, calls the American creed:
    equality
    freedom
    security
    a and c

1 points 

QUESTION 31

  1. The Declaration of Independence:
    marked the beginning of the Civil War
    was influenced by the political ideas of such liberal philosophers as John Locke
    included a long list of specific grievances against the British authorities
    all of the above
    b and c

1 points 

QUESTION 32

  1. Which of the following, although not strictly speaking part of the United States Constitution, has very often been mentioned in Supreme Court cases:
    John Winthrop’s 1630 “City on a Hill” sermon
    The Federalist Papers
    The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    Thomas Paine’s Common Sense

1 points 

QUESTION 33

  1. According to Morris Fiorina, the notion of a “culture war” in the United States:
    is mainly a fiction created and promoted by the media
    exists at the level of political elites, but not at the level of the general public
    was plausible during the Vietnam War, but not since then
    a and b

1 points 

QUESTION 34

  1. The Federalists:
    supported a stronger central government
    believed in the essential sovereignty of the states
    were fearful of tyranny being re-introduced through the presidency
    b and c

1 points 

QUESTION 35

  1. Which of the following statements is not supported by the data that we have examined in this course:
    the ideological distance between the median Democratic and the median Republican voter has stayed roughly the same since the 1990s
    the shares of the electorate holding consistently liberal and consistently conservative views have stayed the same since the 1990s, despite media claims to the contrary
    the share of the electorate holding ideologically mixed views, some of them liberal and other conservative, has actually increased
    none of the above are supported by the data

1 points 

QUESTION 36

  1. According to data collected by the World Values Survey over the past four decades, the American population has been an outlier compared to most Western, affluent democracies mainly because of a:
    higher level of traditional religiosity
    stronger belief in human rights
    stronger belief in equality
    b and c

1 points 

QUESTION 37

  1. What is often referred to as God Talk, is evident in:
    Joe Biden’s acceptance speech at the 2020 Democratic Presidential Convention
    Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I’ve Been to the Mountain Top” speech
    President George Washington’s first Inaugural Address
    all of the above
    b and c

1 points 

QUESTION 38

  1. Which of the following is not one of the five values that Seymour Martin Lipset argues is associated with American exceptionalism:
    egalitarianism
    individualism
    laissez-faire
    social justice

1 points 

QUESTION 39

  1. Which of the following groups is least likely to be associated with Blue America:
    the American Civil Liberties Association
    the Christian Coalition
    the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
    labor unions

1 points 

QUESTION 40

  1. According to data for 2019, the total value of what are called grants-in-aid in American federalism amounted to about:
    $750 million
    $7.5 billion
    $75 billion
    $750 billion

1 points 

QUESTION 41

  1. The landmark Supreme Court ruling that banned organized official prayer from public schools is:
    Locke v. Davie
    Engel v. Vitale
    Bush v. Gore
    Cantwell v. Connecticut

1 points 

QUESTION 42

  1. The Bill of Rights:
    originally applied only to the federal government
    was not part of the Constitution ratified in 1789
    was preceded by bills of rights in a number of the state constitutions
    all of the above

1 points 

QUESTION 43

  1. About ___ % of the American population identifies with a Christian denomination:
    30
    50
    70
    90

1 points 

QUESTION 44

  1. According to the 2017 Pew Typology, which of the following groups is most politically engaged:
    Core Conservatives
    Country First Conservatives
    Opportunity Democrats
    New Era Enterprisers

1 points 

QUESTION 45

  1. Which of the following propositions is least likely to be associated with the American exceptionalism thesis?
    a comparatively high level of class consciousness
    a belief in the special mission and destiny of the United States
    the absence of a tradition of rigid class hierarchy
    exceptional geographic and socio-economic mobility

1 points 

QUESTION 46

  1. Who among the following persons was most active in pushing for a more centralized constitution at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 and during the ratification period that followed:
    Benjamin Franklin
    Alexander Hamilton
    Thomas Jefferson
    Thomas Paine

1 points 

QUESTION 47

  1. The first written constitution in the colonies of what would become the United States is often thought to be the:
    Articles of Confederation (1781)
    Declaration of Independence (1776)
    Fundamental Orders (Connecticut, 1639)
    Virginia Bill of Rights (1776)

1 points 

QUESTION 48

  1. When it comes to the values of freedom and equality, Americans are more likely than Europeans to say that:
    freedom to pursue life’s goals is more important than ensuring that no one is in need
    democracy involves government taking measures to reduce income differences
    democracy involves government protecting all citizens against poverty
    b and c

1 points 

QUESTION 49

  1. Compared to other Americans, the so-called “Nones” are more likely to:
    not vote
    be liberal in their stands on moral issues
    not have any partisan or ideological leaning, preferring to be described as moderates
    a and b

1 points 

QUESTION 50

  1. The theory of checks and balances is explained in:
    the Declaration of Independence
    Washington’s Farewell Address
    Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
    Federalist Paper 51

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