Choose one chapter from this health class and make an educational pamphlet or PowerPoint presentation about this topic. Include the latest research and latest medical information, prevention, support groups, medications, alternative treatments, and all information to send a positive educational message to a specific groups. Email your pamphlet to a group of friends, family, or community and prepare a list of questions for them to answer. You would like your pamphlet to be persuasive and informative so you will want your questions to evaluate how persuasive it was.
- your presentation or pamphlet
- the list of questions (at least 5) you want your subjects to answer
- the responses of at least 2 of your subjects to the questions. You may remove their names to protect their privacy. Just give their age and gender.
- a paragraph evaluating the persuasiveness of your presentation/pamphlet based off of the answers to your questions
Here is the chapter to do.
Disorders of the ear, nose and throat – such as hay fever, the common cold, hoarseness, and hearing loss – are troublesome afflictions that affect nearly everyone at one time or another. While not life threatening, such problems can cause considerable distress and discomfort. Fortunately, there is much that you can do yourself to prevent or alleviate them.
You are sitting in class. Your nose is running, throat sore and scratchy, muscles achy…when your professor calls on you to answer a question, all you can say is “Achoo!!!”
If several of these symptoms describe you, chances are you probably have a common cold. The GOOD news is that the common cold is “self-limiting.” It will last from four to ten days then clear up. The BAD news is that colds are caused by viruses. Around 200 viruses, all similar in their effects, are known to cause colds. There is no medication that will cure the cold virus. In most cases, you just have to be patient and let the virus run its course. Fortunately there are things you can do to relieve some of the symptoms.
Before you begin self care for your cold, remember these important things:
|What about medications?
There are many types of over-the-counter (OTC) medications available. Although there are none which will cure your cold, many can help relieve the symptoms and make your life more tolerable while the cold runs its course.
Many cold tablets, capsules, and liquids contain ingredients which relieve more than one symptom. The key to choosing the “right” medication is to listen to your own body, identify your specific symptoms, and read the label. Pay attention to the listed contraindications and side effects on the label. Don’t take any drugs if you are pregnant or think you might be pregnant without consulting your health care provider.
Another important point to remember: DO NOT exceed the recommended dosage of the drug. If you find the dose you have taken is not working, increasing it will not help!
The Cold Season
|How Colds are Spread
Depending on the virus type, any or all of the following routes of transmission may be common:
Touching infectious respiratory secretions on skin and on environmental surfaces and then touching the eyes or nose.
Inhaling relatively large particles of respiratory secretions transported briefly in the air.
Inhaling droplet nuclei, which are smaller infectious particles suspended in the air for long periods of time
Handwashing is the simplest and most effective way to keep from getting rhinovirus colds. Not touching the nose or eyes is another. Individuals with colds should always sneeze or cough into a facial tissue, and promptly throw it away. If possible, one should avoid close, prolonged exposure to persons who have colds.
Because rhinoviruses can survive up to three hours outside the nasal passages on inanimate objects and skin, cleaning environmental surfaces with a virus-killing disinfectant might help prevent spread of infection.
A cold vaccine? The development of a vaccine that could prevent the common cold has reached an impasse because of the discovery of many different cold viruses. Each virus carries its own specific antigens, substances that induce the formation of specific protective proteins (antibodies) produced by the body. Until ways are found to combine many viral antigens in one vaccine, or take advantage of the antigenic cross-relationships that exist, prospects for a vaccine are dim. Evidence that changes occur in common-cold virus antigens further complicate development of a vaccine. Such changes occur in some influenza virus antigens and make it necessary to alter the influenza vaccine each year
Each spring, summer, and fall, tiny particles are released from trees, weeds, and grasses. These particles, known as pollen, hitch rides on currents of air. Although their mission is to fertilize parts of other plants, many never reach their targets. Instead, they enter human noses and throats, triggering a type of seasonal allergic rhinitis called pollen allergy, which many people know as hay fever or rose fever (depending on the season in which the symptoms occur). Of all the things that can cause an allergy, pollen is one of the most widespread. Many of the foods, drugs, or animals that cause allergies can be avoided to a great extent; even insects and household dust are escapeble. Short of staying indoors when the pollen count is high–and even that may not help–there is no easy way to evade windborne pollen.
In people who are not allergic, the mucus in the nasal passages simply moves foreign particles to the throat, where they are swallowed or coughed out. But something different happens to a person who is sensitive to airborne allergens.
As soon as the allergen lands on the mucous membranes lining the inside of the nose, a chain reaction occurs that leads the mast cells in these tissues to release histamine and other chemicals. These powerful chemicals contract certain cells that line some small blood vessels in the nose. This allows fluids to escape, which causes the nasal passages to swell, resulting in nasal congestion.
Histamine also can cause sneezing, itching, irritation, and excess mucus production, which can result in allergic rhinitis (runny nose). Other chemicals made and released by mast cells, including cytokines and leukotrienes, also contribute to allergic symptoms.
When you get your picture taken, everyone says, “Say cheese! Smile!” So you do – you open your mouth and show your teeth. When you see the picture, you see a happy person looking back at you. The healthier those teeth are, the happier you look. Why is that?
It’s because your teeth are important in many ways. If you take care of them, they’ll help take care of you. Strong, healthy teeth help you chew the right foods to help you grow. They help you speak clearly. And yes, they help you look your best.
Why Healthy Teeth Are Important