Ohio State Bare Foot Revolution of Burkina Faso Documentary Discussion

Question Description

Documentary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0yWIakmSHIc

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All the changes/revisions made to improve the first draft must be highlighted in color in the final draft version.

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Running Head: BARE FOOT REVOLUTION OF BURKINA FASO Bare Foot Revolution of Burkina Faso Green 1 BARE FOOT REVOLUTION OF BURKINA FASO Green 2 The documentary is about what the commentator touts as the barefoot revolution. This is because the people of Burkina Faso mounted one of the most resolute and fierce struggles in the world to liberate themselves. The citizens of Burkina Faso were declared independent by Britain in 1960 but the independence of their country did not in any way improve their lives. The poverty levels remained at an all-time low. The illiteracy levels deteriorated. This is a country which is a former French colony and which though landlocked has substantial reserves of minerals which could go a long way in boosting the lifestyle of the citizenry. The country of Burkina Faso is located in West Africa and basically, the population is either semi-literate or illiterate. This could be attributed to the fact that the French colonial policy was not geared towards coming up with self-reliant and independent citizens who can independently run their affairs. For instance, the French did not in any way prepare their former colonies to be in a position to run their countries with little or no interference from any external power. This is by and large the very opposite of the former British colonies of Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa whose transition was not in any way in turmoil since the British government prepared their subjects to responsibly assume power and run their countries in their absence.(Schneider,1988). The justification could be in the fact that former British colonies like Nigeria, Kenya and South Africa exhibit stable governments independent of their former colonial masters. The British regime by large groomed responsible citizens with a notion of self-reliance and a clear cut transition, unlike their French counterparts who were bent on helping out their subjects throughout. The BARE FOOT REVOLUTION OF BURKINA FASO Green 3 better way to gauge the comparison is to carry out a case study between Burkina Faso and Kenya, The British government in Kenya ensured Africans received substantial education to self reliably run their countries and carve out their destiny, For instance the colonial regime in Kenya ensured that the founding fathers of Kenya received elementary, secondary and even university education to enable them to run their countries in a situation where the colonial government granted self-rule to the so-called natives. Unlike the French who only believed in compelling their subjects to embrace their culture in their assimilation policy. While the British colonialists were busy preparing the Africans in their colonies to take over after them, the French were grooming people to always be subservient and dependent on them. This, in a nutshell, could be attributed to the difference between the francophone subjects and the Anglophones. Countries like Kenya and Ghana got their independence from Britain in 1957 and 1963 respectively. Ghana had some stable running of its affairs under Kwame Nkrumah before a military takeover but it adjusted its governance strategies and is one of the most stable African countries presently. On the other hand, Kenya has enjoyed peace and tranquility since 1963 and has one of the most diverse and elaborates liberal democracies in the region. This is because the British prepared their subjects to assume leadership positions in the event of their exit. Both the founding fathers of Ghana (Kwame Nkrumah) and Kenya (Mzee Jomo Kenyatta) were holders of university degrees by the time their respective countries were granted independence by Britain. On the contrary, when Burkina Faso got its independence from France in 1960, the literacy levels were so low in the country such that they could not independently run their affairs. It is quite evident that the most stable democracies in Africa were former British colonies while the most unstable countries were former French colonies. BARE FOOT REVOLUTION OF BURKINA FASO Green 4 The Resistance of the Citizenry The French colony of Burkina Faso was granted its independence by France in 1960. The country was ill-prepared for self real since the literacy levels were very low with most of the citizens suffering from the three main handicaps of poverty, illiteracy and disease. There were no structures for the education system and the citizenry was by and l not ready for self-governance and determination of their lives. The discontent and deep-seated resentment of the citizens of Burkina Faso first led to the granting of independence in 1960. The dictatorial regime of the French colonial masters was emulated by the first native leaders of Burkina Faso. Though not well educated, Sankara remains one of the most progressive and development-oriented leaders of Burkina Faso. For instance, the president was a great admirer of the Cuban communist leader Fidel Castro. He came up with an elaborate development agenda which was to make Burkina Faso an economic powerhouse in Africa. He started development projects Cuban style with the sole objective of eradicating poverty in his country. But his great ideas and tenure in office were curtailed by Blaise Compaore who led a coup de tat against him. The military took over and all his great projects came into a halt.(Schneider,1988). Recycling of Leaders It is an incontestable fact that Blaise Comapore was the founding father of Burkina Faso when the country secured its independence from Britain in 1960. Compaore also assassinated Sankara alongside other top officials of the Burkina Faso government. This was a violent takeover BARE FOOT REVOLUTION OF BURKINA FASO Green 5 though he did not have a very easy ride since he could not control the masses and the living standards of the country deteriorated. Unlike Sankore who had the interests of masses at heart, Compaore collaborated with the foreign exploiters whose mission was to exploit the citizens of Burkina Faso. In collaborating with the mining companies, the country did not gain from the precious minerals emanating from the country even though the country was very rich in minerals. Social Justice The people of Burkina Faso could not stand the excesses of their very own dictatorial and exploitative regime. Poverty and disease had become so rampant in the society, People were being recessed by their very own leaders and it was quite evident that the citizens of Burkina Faso could not in any way benefit from the resources of their own country. The more than thirty opposition leaders teamed up to ensure they transform their government from the dictatorial and draconian regime of Compaore who wanted to change the constitution to ensure he extends his term in office.(Michener,1998) The Mass Exodus of the People Burkina Faso is a landlocked West African country of 18 million people. The poverty levels of the country are quite wanting with the IMF and World Bank projections indicating that it is one of the poorest countries on earth. This is even though the country is very rich in minerals but because of the corrupt and arrogant leadership of the former military and civilian regimes, the country’s citizenry lives below the poverty line. The country is also landlocked and borders Benin, Togo, Ghana and Ivory Coast. According to Englebert (2018) ,due to the poverty and hardships in the country, the citizens of Burkina Faso had to seek refuge in more robust and prosperous African BARE FOOT REVOLUTION OF BURKINA FASO Green 6 neighboring countries like Nigeria and Ghana which were principally former British colonies. As per the earlier analysis, the former British colonies were more robust and stable since the British government prepared their subjects for the transition to set up their governments. Illegitimate Regimes Since its independence, the country was rather unfortunate in its leadership. the country experienced several military coups .the the first president of the country was leading a very extravagant lifestyle which was beyond the means of his country, This led to the leadership of Sankara who was a very progressive leader..Compaore was a very progressive leader who wanted to run a very transparent government and transform the lives of his people. During his reign, the living standards of his people drastically improved and he even opened up his bank accounts for public scrutiny. This did not augur well with the corrupt leadership of Burkina Faso who organized for his exit. The leadership under Compaore wanted to change the constitution and succeeded in ensuring the country became very unfavorable for foreign investments and the welfare of its citizens. The assassination of sank more led to the leadership of Compaore who ruled with an iron fist and even wanted to change the constitution and extend his term in office, Conclusion It is quite evident that people will almost always resist a regime that subordinates and recesses them. Though the ruling class in Burkina Faso used the brute military force to ensure people did not resist them, the people organized a very successful revolution and with the help of the opposition leaders, they changed their destiny forever. The case of Burkina Faso is a very unique BARE FOOT REVOLUTION OF BURKINA FASO Green 7 one and should act as an eye-opener to other military juntas in Africa that their days of tormenting and molesting the masses are numbered. Whichever way we look at it, as the people’s rights and liberties should not be sacrificed for the sake of the big men syndrome in Africa.(Bouldon,2018) References BARE FOOT REVOLUTION OF BURKINA FASO Green 8 Boudon, L. E. (2018). Burkina Faso: The “Rectification” of the Revolution. In Political Reform in Francophone Africa (pp. 127-144). Routledge. Englebert, P. (2018). Burkina Faso: Unsteady Statehood in West Africa. Routledge. Michener, V. J. (1998). The participatory approach: contradiction and co-option in Burkina Faso. World development, 26(12), 2105-2118. Schneider, B. (1988). The barefoot revolution. Paris: Club of Rome. Grade: 15% Write full 5 pages You must watch the documentary and strictly follow the guidelines Write about issues mentioned in the documentary such as organized protests, musical activism, coup d etat, political campaign, youth leadership, political leaders, transitional government, economic issues, election campaign, etc…. Avoid repetitions, there are many issues discussed in the documentary Have a story line and explicit and organized subheadings Summarize the documentary in a way that your paper makes sense to someone who did not watch the documentary …
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