I need an explanation for this Psychology question to help me study.
No need to do formal ciatations
Watch the brief interview of Dr. Laurence Steinberg about nature’s versus nurture’s impact on human development.
In this video with accompanying transcript, Dr. Laurence Steinberg, Professor of Psychology at Temple University, explains the latest research findings into the nature versus nurture debate, highlighting the need to break down the false dichotomy between genes and the environment.
For your initial post, share your thoughts on the message from Dr. Steinberg combined with the following based your own knowledge and experience:
Think about and compare two people you know. Each one of these two individuals has what you might suspect is a genetic propensity for being a leader. In other words, you have seen evidence that both of these acquaintances of yours were born with leadership ability. However, one of your acquaintances has become a leader and the other has not. What can you identify as the difference, today, between these two personalities? First share why you think both of them have a genetic temperament to be a leader and then why you think one became a leader and the other did not. What main cause do you believe is the reason that one of them is a leader and the other is not? Remember to take into account what Dr. Steinberg told us.
For the responses don’t only tell the student that you agree with their post, give them insight, maybe they left out something.
Good evening class,
While doing this week’s reading, I stumbled upon twin studies and thought of a great example for this week’s forum!
Background. My girlfriend and her sister are mirror image twins. Mirror image twins are identical twins, but their consistence’s occur on opposite sides of the body; it is extremely rare. For example, my girlfriend and her sister were born with one tooth, my girlfriends on the right side of her mouth and her sisters on the left. The two were never separated throughout their life until reaching college in which my girlfriend moved away for college, and her sister attended locally close to home. During their childhood, my girlfriend had some adverse experiences that her sister did not experience and therefore felt it necessary to protect her sister. My girlfriend is referred to as the “big twin” and her sister is the “little twin”. Both were initially extremely introverted and quiet from birth.
Adult life and leadership. Right out of college, my girlfriend started a business that was highly successful and spent her time mentoring and leading her community. She provided many people with a job and facilitated their passion and expression. She was commended in the media on several occasions as being a leader of positivity within her community. Her sister graduated from college and got a stable, salaried job and eventually married.
Characteristics today. My girlfriend is emotionally sensitive, impulsive, creative, risk taking, talkative, and assessed to be 60% introverted. Her sister is emotionally sensitive (not as much as my girlfriend), pragmatic, non-risk taking, non-talkative, and assessed to be 80% introverted.
Analysis. It is hard to determine whether they were born with a propensity for leadership, and I found it hard to determine that based on any person I thought of besides myself. It seems that my girlfriend took on leadership roles when it came to social occasions if her sister is in attendance. However, my girlfriend is not dominant socially when I am at the occasion (I am roughly 88% extroverted). I believe my girlfriend demonstrated leadership tendencies because of her increased socialization in a community where she was incredibly passionate about the cause. I assess that her sister, being non-risk taking, avoided leadership roles and looked for a stable position without managerial duties because she had less socialization in her college years. While my girlfriend’s sister was staying local for college, my girlfriend was socializing with new groups and taking lead on projects amongst her peers without parental influence.
Main cause. I assess with high confidence that my girlfriend’s leadership abilities surfaced due to increased socialization outside of her normal setting. She was forced to be independent and form her own conclusions without familial influence and therefore increased abilities to lead people with several different approaches.
Dr. Laurence Steinberg, Professor of Psychology at Temple University, explains the latest research findings into nature versus nurture debate, highlighting the need to break down the false dichotomy between genes and the environment. Being that research has shown that there is no longer a percentage of nature or nurture that equals a certain behavior or personality. The information shows that personality and behavior are looked at as a reaction to the environment. Where genetics work as light switches to certain behaviors that are turned on by the environmental factors. In an example used, is that some individuals have a genetic switch which causes depression, however many of those individuals do not suffer from depression due to the switch not being turned on my stressful events or actions. Now, When I compare two individuals that I know. I will refer to one as Eve and the other as Adam, both of which I suspect has the genetic propensity for being a leader. However, Adam has become a leader and Eve has not. According to Dr. Steinberg, Adam was exposed to an environmental factor that caused one of this genetic switch of leadership to turn on. While Eve has yet to or will not be exposed to the certain environmental factor that will cause her genetic switch to turn on. This may be due to the limitations pushed upon women from birth. Whereas Adam carried fewer limitations than Eve being that he was born a male. Just with this simple difference in gender can cause many unequal experiences and thus unequal environmental factor to turn on and off genetic switches. For example, it was shown that females are more likely to be kept at home and controlled while a male was given more freedom to do as they please while being raised.
Just as a respectful personal opinion not taking anything away from this topic, I have some issues with the word leader. Leading and taking charge can happen in so many ways, small or big that often we just get carried away with whoever “leads” the biggest group, is the most successful leader. This is not always the case.
The two people I’m going to compare for this weeks topic is my childhood best friend and myself (20 years of friendship and counting). We both have “good genes”. What I mean with this, our families are healthy, smart, outgoing, friendly, etc (which I believe culture has a lot to do with this). We both grew up around the same environment, hard working families, competitive; with very good qualities and values. Although there was something unique between him and I; he was an only child and raised by his mother. I often saw his homework getting done by his mom; this allowed him to play and enjoy his childhood more, since the absence of his father affected him. That carried on to be a habit, not allowing him as a child to take much responsibility.
On the other hand, I had both parent figures and didn’t get the “special treatment”, since there is three of us. Even though the pressure of being successful in life was present for both my friend and me, I wasn’t protected nor helped as much as he was.
My big brother left the house when I was eleven. My mother left for about two years to go work in NYC (I’m originally from Puerto Rico). My dad worked night shift. This forced me to be pressured into a faster growing rate, having to take care of a four year old, do homework, cook and find a ride to school. These responsibilities weren’t average for an eleven year old. All of a sudden I turned into a role model (leader) for my youngest brother.
What can I identify as the difference, today, between our personalities?
It turned out, that eventually as we got older, I moved on through life a lot faster and easier. A lot of issues he encountered later on during his adulthood, I already did when I was an adolescent. I’ve had many people looked up to me because of this, exercising my leadership skills.
Why do be both have a temperament to be a leader? What main causes do I believe is the reason the one of us is a leader and the other is not?
We both understand the pressure that life presents us, and the need of perseverance. Both possess strong character. This just might be the case where environmental stimulus was not as strong to “activate” those parts we both had as leaders. These weren’t provoked as much due to the circumstances of his upbringing. Just like the example of Dr. Steinberg about depression.