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Theories at-a-Glance

The tables in this book compare theories over a range of topics, thereby providing you with the ability to easily compare, contrast, and grasp the practical aspects of each theory. These tables also serve as invaluable resources that can be used to review the key concepts, philosophies, limitations, contributions to multicultural counseling, applications, techniques, and goals of all theories in this text.

The following chart provides a convenient guide to the tables in this text.

Pages

6–7 Table 1.1 Overview of Contemporary Counseling Models
62–63 Table 4.1 Ego-Defense Mechanisms
65–66 Table 4.2 Comparison of Freud’s Psychosexual Stages and Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages
432 Table 15.1 The Basic Philosophies
433–434 Table 15.2 Key Concepts
438 Table 15.3 Goals of Therapy
441–442 Table 15.4 The Therapeutic Relationship
443–444 Table 15.5 Techniques of Therapy
444–445 Table 15.6 Applications of the Approaches
446 Table 15.7 Contributions to Multicultural Counseling
447 Table 15.8 Limitations in Multicultural Counseling
448–449 Table 15.9 Contributions of the Approaches
449–450 Table 15.10 Limitations of the Approaches

Overview of Focus Questions for the Theories

For the chapters dealing with the different theories, you will have a basic understanding of this book if you can answer the following questions as they apply to each of the eleven theories:

Who are the key figures (founder or founders) associated with the approach?

What are some of the basic assumptions underlying this approach?

What are a few of the key concepts that are essential to this theory?

What do you consider to be the most important goals of this therapy?

What is the role the therapeutic relationship plays in terms of therapy outcomes?

What are a few of the techniques from this therapy model that you would want to incorporate into your counseling practice?

What are some of the ways that this theory is applied to client populations, settings, and treatment of problems?

What do you see as the major strength of this theory from a diversity perspective?

What do you see as the major shortcoming of this theory from a diversity perspective?

What do you consider to be the most significant contribution of this approach?

What do you consider to be the most significant limitation of this approach?

Theory and PracTice of counseling and PsychoTheraPy

Tenth Edition

Gerald Corey

California State University, Fullerton

Diplomate in Counseling Psychology,

American Board of Professional Psychology

Australia • Brazil • Mexico • Singapore • United Kingdom • United States

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Theory and Practice of Counseling and

Psychotherapy,

Tenth Edition

Gerald Corey

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Printed in the United States of America

Print Number: 01 Print Year: 2015

To the founders and key figures of the theories presented in this book—with appreciation for their contributions to contemporary counseling practice.

abouT The auThor

 gerald corey is Professor Emeritus of Human Services and Counseling at California State University at Fullerton. He received his doctorate in counseling from the University of Southern California. He is a Diplomate in Counseling Psychology, American Board of Professional Psychology; a licensed psychologist; and a National Certified Counselor. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association (Division 17, Counseling Psychology; and Division 49, Group Psychotherapy); a Fellow of the American Counseling Association; and a Fellow of the Association for Specialists in Group Work. He also holds memberships in the American Group Psychotherapy Association; the American Mental Health Counselors Association; the Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling; the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision; and the Western Association of Counselor Education and Supervision. Both Jerry and Marianne Corey received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Mental Health Counselors Association in 2011, and both of them received the Eminent Career Award from ASGW in 2001. Jerry was given the Outstanding Professor of the Year Award from California State University at Fullerton in 1991. He regularly teaches both undergraduate and graduate courses in group counseling and ethics in counseling. He is the author or coauthor of 15 textbooks in counseling currently in print, along with more than 60 journal articles and book chapters. Several of his books have been translated into other languages. Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy has been translated into Arabic, Indonesian, Portuguese, Turkish, Korean, and Chinese. Theory and

Practice of Group Counseling has been translated into Korean, Chinese, Spanish, and Russian. Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions has been translated into Korean, Japanese, and Chinese.

In the past 40 years Jerry and Marianne Corey have conducted group counseling training workshops for mental health professionals at many universities in the United States as well as in Canada, Mexico, China, Hong Kong, Korea, Germany, Belgium, Scotland, England, and Ireland. In his leisure time, Jerry likes to travel, hike and bicycle in the mountains, and drive his 1931 Model A Ford. Marianne and Jerry have been married since 1964. They have two adult daughters, Heidi and Cindy, two granddaughters (Kyla and Keegan), and one grandson (Corey).

Recent publications by Jerry Corey, all with Cengage Learning, include:

Theory and Practice of Group Counseling, Ninth Edition (and Student Manual) (2016)

Becoming a Helper, Seventh Edition (2016, with Marianne Schneider Corey)

Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions, Ninth Edition (2015, with Marianne Schneider Corey, Cindy Corey, and Patrick Callanan)

Group Techniques, Fourth Edition (2015, with Marianne Schneider Corey, Patrick Callanan, and J. Michael Russell)

Groups: Process and Practice, Ninth Edition (2014, with Marianne Schneider Corey and Cindy Corey)

iv

v



I Never Knew I Had a Choice

, Tenth Edition (2014, with Marianne Schneider

Corey)



Case Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy

, Eighth Edition (2013)



The Art of Integrative Counseling

, Third Edition (2013)

Jerry Corey is coauthor (with Barbara Herlihy) of

Boundary Issues in Counseling:

Multiple Roles and Responsibilities

, Third Edition (2015) and

ACA Ethical Standards Case-

book

, Seventh Edition (2015); he is coauthor (with Robert Haynes, Patrice Moulton,

and Michelle Muratori) of

Clinical Supervision in the Helping Professions: A Practical

Guide

, Second Edition (2010); he is the author of

Creating Your Professional Path: Les-

sons From My Journey

(2010). All four of these books are published by the American

Counseling Association.

He has also made several educational DVD programs on various aspects of

counseling practice: (1)

Ethics in Action

:

DVD and Workbook

(2015, with Marianne

Schneider Corey and Robert Haynes); (2)

Groups in Action: Evolution and Challenges

DVD and Workbook

(2014, with Marianne Schneider Corey and Robert Haynes);

(3)

DVD for Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy: The Case of Stan and

Lecturettes

(2013); (4)

DVD for Integrative Counseling: The Case of Ruth and Lecturettes

(2013,

with Robert Haynes); and (5)

DVD for Theory and Practice of Group Counseling

(2012).

All of these programs are available through Cengage Learning.

Copyright 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Copyright 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Copyright 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Copyright 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Copyright 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Preface xi

PART 1

BASIC ISSUES IN

COUNSELING PRACTICE

Introduction and Overview 1 introduction 2

Where I Stand 3

Suggestions for Using the Book 5 Overview of the Theory Chapters 6

Introduction to the Case of Stan 9 Introduction to the Case of Gwen 13

The Counselor: Person and

Professional 17 introduction 18

The Counselor as a Therapeutic Person 18 Personal Therapy for the Counselor 20

The Counselor’s Values and the Therapeutic Process 22

Becoming an Effective Multicultural Counselor 25

Issues Faced by Beginning Therapists 28

Summary 35

Ethical Issues in Counseling

Practice 37 introduction 38

Putting Clients’ Needs Before Your Own 38

Ethical Decision Making 39 The Right of Informed Consent 41 Dimensions of Confidentiality 42

Ethical Issues From a Multicultural Perspective 43

Ethical Issues in the Assessment Process 45

Ethical Aspects of Evidence-Based Practice 48

Managing Multiple Relationships in Counseling

Practice 49

Becoming an Ethical Counselor 52

Summary 53

Where to Go From Here 53

Contents

Recommended Supplementary Readings for Part 1 54

PART 2

THEORIES AND TECHNIQUES OF COUNSELING

4 Psychoanalytic Therapy 57

introduction 58

Key Concepts 59

The Therapeutic Process 66

Application: Therapeutic Techniques and

Procedures 72

Jung’s Perspective on the Development of

Personality 77

Contemporary Trends: Object-Relations Theory, Self Psychology, and Relational Psychoanalysis 79

Psychoanalytic Therapy From a Multicultural

Perspective 84

Psychoanalytic Therapy applied to the case of stan 85

Psychoanalytic Therapy applied to the case of gwen 87

Summary and Evaluation 89

Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 92

Where to Go From Here 92 Recommended Supplementary Readings 93

5 Adlerian Therapy 95

introduction 98

Key Concepts 98

The Therapeutic Process 104

Application: Therapeutic Techniques and

Procedures 108

Adlerian Therapy From a Multicultural Perspective 119

adlerian Therapy applied to the case of stan 121 adlerian Therapy applied to the case of gwen 122

vii

viii Contents

Summary and Evaluation 124

Self-Reflection and Discussion Questions 126

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