MHE 503 Trident Core Capabili

Discussion Requirements

A substantive comment should be approximately 300 words or more for each response (A total of 1 response).

Read the initial comments posted by your classmates and reflect upon them.

Before writing your comments:

  • Review the Discussion grading rubric to see what is expected for an excellent discussion, in order to earn full credit.
  • Review some resources to help you synthesize, such as the following:

Sullivan, J. (2011). Strategies for Synthesis Writing. Retrieved from

NOTE: You are required to cite sources and include a reference list for the second post if it is simply your opinion. However, if your opinion is based on facts (as it should be), it is good practice to strengthen your position by citing sources.

Be sure to meet all of the criteria in the rubric, as noted in the instructions above.

Third post for each module discussion:

Read the initial and secondary comments posted by your classmates and reflect upon them.

Directly respond to at least one classmate in a way that extends meaningful discussions, adds new information, and/or offers alternative perspectives.



Classmates and Professor,

Disaster management

Disasters and emergencies require a good response from different bodies, coordination of different bodies is critical as it helps to handle the incident quickly. The national response framework provides a framework on how the organization should integrate, unify and coordinate in response to any disaster. Community lifeline, these are the services once enhanced. They help ensure continuous operations of significant government and business functions vital to human health, safety, or economic security. They are two community lifelines that allow strengthening the response planning and operations. First, the community lifelines depend on one another and are very vulnerable to causing failures. Stabilizations of the community lifelines have mainly relied on the business and the infrastructure owners and the operators who are well equipped with the expertise and responsibilities to handle emergencies. The national response framework aims to develop plans that involve the community and integrate continuity, building the capabilities to respond to disasters among different sectors. The National response framework provides that collaboration between private and the NGO organization will be highly advocated to stabilize the community lifelines and restore services in affected areas. The national response framework lays different new initiatives that outperform the existing networks that involve business and infrastructure owners to have some part in the emergence management (Bisri & Beniya, 2016).

The National response framework’s objective is to build the capabilities to respond to different disasters among businesses and the infrastructure sectors (U.S. Department of Homland Security, 2019). The health sector and the other emergence team should offer critical services like first aid, ambulances to aid in the transportation of the affected people in case of a disaster to the health facilities. The fire management response team should always be availed in every scene where the disasters have occurred to assist in the rescue mission. The health care services, emergence response team, and the firefighters should educate the public on the first aid cases where they can be able to handle some of the minor issues in the case of disaster; they should offer some of the training on the evacuation measures to aid in reducing the number of causalities. The government should collaborate in responding to disaster by providing the evacuation places, finances, and the resources to handle the disaster and offer some resources to the affected. Law enforcement agencies and other response agencies should coordinate to prevent disasters from occurring like terrorism and cybercrimes as they can be stopped before they stimulate more damage. Proper coordination of different agencies in the restoration of commercial and infrastructure operation after an attack can be achieved by installing security features in the business areas like CCTV and securing the computers with some security features to prevent data loss through cybercrime. The law enforcement agencies, together with the business owners, can use the communication made by the attackers through social media platforms to arrest them.

The NGOs and the private sectors should offer some financial assistance and other necessities to deal with the disaster when they occur; this will help improve the community lifelines and restore the services. The planning and the response organization coordinate to reduce the risks by evaluating the potential threat, urge resiliency in the infrastructure, and making proper plans for the offering of the services. To improve the planning and the execution measures, the organization in charge of the disaster should have adequate data regarding the hazards and the risks that can occur, which can be shared with the emergency response team to ease the operation of improving the community lifelines (Stallings, JD & Faust, JD, 2016).



Bisri, M., & Beniya, S. (2016). Analyzing the National Disaster Response Framework and Inter-Organizational Network of the 2015 Nepal/Gorkha Earthquake. Procedia Engineering, 159, 19-26.

Stallings, JD, M., & Faust, JD, W. (2016). Drafting, revising, and updating local emergency operations plans: The National Response Framework and the Emergency Support Function Annex model. Journal Of Emergency Management, 7(2), 11.

U.S. Department of Homland Security. (2019, October 28). National Response Framewor: 4th Edition . Retrieved from…



Hi Class,

There are five core capabilities of the National Response Framework they are Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery. They are all important in that they are all a step in the path of creating a plan for the communities that will assist in the “goal of a secure and resilient nation” (Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2020). Mitigation is a key component of the National Response Framework. The evaluations and planning for disasters that are conducted prior to an actual disaster help to identify the shortcomings that are present and will impact the successful response to the disaster.

The identified effects are evaluated to determine their severity and what steps can be taken to prevent the disruption of services. The goal of mitigation is to minimize the effect that the disaster has on the community. The mitigation factors that are taken are developed to reduce the impact of specific disasters to allow for a faster return to normal following a disaster. The creation of a 50- or 100-foot standoff distance “depending on the type of facility and the perceived threat” (Madsen, 2006), and stricter building codes were established because of the bombing of federal buildings. The development of storm shelters in businesses and back yards throughout Oklahoma is mitigation of tornado activity in the state. California building codes have adapted to the threats of Tsunami and Earthquakes as have Louisiana building codes due to Hurricane threats. The development of National Cyber Policy security protocols to secure the cyber-linked infrastructure. The National Security Agency states that “the cybersecurity functions are: Identity, Protect, Detect, Respond, Recover” (National Security Agency, 2018). The necessity for the mitigation of threats to the nation has assisted in each of the four other core capabilities to ensure the resiliency of the nation as a whole.



Federal Emergency Management Agency. (2020, October 29). National Response Framework. Retrieved from FEMA:

Madsen, J. (2006, April 3). The Evolution of Government Buildings. Retrieved from Buildings: Smarter Facility Management:,and%20leased)%20are%20utilizing%20shatterproof%20or%20blast-resistant%20glass.

National Security Agency. (2018, March). NSA’S Top Ten Cybersecurity Mitigation Strategies. Retrieved from Cybersecurity:


Module 4 – Background


Required Reading

Bharosa, N., Lee, J., & Janssen, M. (2010). Challenges and obstacles in sharing and coordinating information during multi-agency disaster response: Propositions from field exercises. Information Systems Frontiers, 12(1), 49–65. Available in the Trident Online Library.

Elledge, B. L., Boatright, D. T., Woodson, P., Clinkenbeard, R. E., & Brand, M. W. (2007). Learning from Katrina: Environmental health observations from the SWCPHP Response Team in Houston. Journal of Environmental Health, 70(2), 22–26. Available in the Trident Online Library.

Federal family responds to Hurricane Irma. (2017). FEMA. Retrieved from…

Kapucu, N, Arslan, T., & Demiroz, F. (2010). Collaborative emergency management and national emergency management network. Disaster Prevention and Management, 19(4), 452–468. Available in the Trident Online Library.

Lohrmann, D. (2017). On emergency preparedness: What have we learned after Harvey and Irma? Government Technology. Retrieved from…

National Incident Management System. (2017), 3rd. Ed., FEMA. Retrieved from… . Read pp. 24-33.

National Response Framework, Fourth Edition. (2019, October 28). Retrieved from…

Wise, C. (2006). Organizing for homeland security after Katrina: Is adaptive management what’s missing? Public Administration Review, 66(3). Available in the Trident Online Library.
Read the section: “An Adaptive Management Model for Homeland Security.”

Required Websites

Disaster Response and Recovery. DHS.

Incident Command System Resources. FEMA.…

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