Los Angeles Valley College Ch

Observation and Checklist

Worth up to 55 points

OPEN DATE: MONDAY, Nov. 15th
CLOSED DATE: TUESDAY, Nov. 30th
DUE DATE: TUESDAY, Nov. 30th

Purpose

To observe the physical environment of an early childhood program and gain insight into aspects that make-up a developmentally appropriate program for young children.

Child Care Video

  • Watch the assigned video.
  • Take detailed handwritten notes as you watch the video. Do not type your notes.

Observation Checklist and Comment Section

General Information

Type of Program:

Age Group of Children:

Mark an “X” next to either of the following when completing this section.

N/O = Not Observed
Y = yes
N = no

The Learning Philosophy

  • The activities are mostly child-centered. ___Y ___N ___N/O
  • There are many opportunities for creative expression and divergent thinking. ___Y ___N ___N/O

Play and Learning

  • Children have maximum opportunities to socialize with their peers. ___Y ___N ___N/O
  • There is a variety of activities/materials. ___Y ___N ___N/O
  • Activities are mostly academic-based. ___Y ___N ___N/O
  • Free choice is common. ___Y ___N ___N/O

The Physical Environment

  • The room is organized and neat. ___Y ___N ___N/O
  • Children have space to move around. ___Y ___N ___N/O
  • There is a variety of learning centers. ___Y ___N ___N/O

Health, Safety, and Nutrition

  • Children are offered healthy foods. ___Y ___N ___N/O
  • Teachers promote healthy habits. ___Y ___N___N/O
  • The environment is clean/hygienic. ___Y ___N___N/O

Comments and Observations:

(Type at least 2 important points you observed from the video)

Observation Questions

Please remember to do the following when responding to questions:

  • Use your notes to complete the questions below.
  • Refer to Chapter 2 and subsequent chapters as well as other/additional resources embedded in the “Modules” page/tab.
  • Give specific examples from the video and from the textbook or PowerPoint slides.
  • Use complete sentences.
  • Type a minimum of one (1) paragraph or 4 sentences for each question.
  • Type your opinion while providing at least one (1) supporting statement from the eBook, PowerPoint slides and/or materials embedded into the “Modules” page/tab. (Example, “According to Herr, …etc.)
  • Use references.

Examples on how to reference your sources:

  • Website Page: Website Name. Title Website Page. URL ( copy and paste)
  • Your eBook: Judy Herr, Ed.D. (2020). Working with Young Children, 9th Edition. Goodheart-Willcox.
  • PowerPoint Slides: Herr, J. (Date). Title of Chapter [PowerPoint slides]. Child Development Department, LAVC.
  • YouTube Video: Last Name, First Name Middle Name Initial. [Username]. (Year, Month Date). Title of video [Video]. Streaming Service. URL

1. In full specific detail, list and describe 2 appropriate practices that you observed in the video:

2. In full specific detail, list and describe 2 inappropriate practices that you observed in the video or 2 practices that can be improved:

3. Is the program you saw in the video purely/authentically play-based or mostly academic? Why or why not?

4. In full specific detail, in general, what is 1 improvement the program can do to provide best practices for young children? What is 1 advantage if families choose to enroll their children in this program?:

5. If this video were to be filmed during the pandemic, what 2 changes, modifications or accommodations would be made indoors and/or outdoors to insure the safety of children and others entering the facility?

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Los Angeles Valley College Ch

Water quality and contamination of our drinking water is currently in the news especially with the recent episodes in Flint, Michigan. In addition the importance of having certain minerals in water is touted by various “health experts”.

A new venture wants to begin “mineral and supplement enhanced” bulk (large bottles) of spring water directly to offices, businesses, and consumer’s homes.

One of the firm’s three owners wants to use a Price Skimming strategy.  He said: “These consumers are not in a supermarket and cannot compare prices. We deliver spring water in bulk to your home at a good price, which compared to their normal small bottle purchase that sounds like a great deal. In addition, we provide extra value over their regular water. Therefore, I think we should charge $7.50 for our bottles. We can reduce prices later if we want”.

However, the second owner did not want to be so aggressive on price. According to her “I think that we should use Penetration Pricing.  Currently, the cheapest bottle on the market is $5, so let’s go out there with at a $4 price. At that price we will win a lot of customers. Then, later on, we can price the increase every six months or so – first to $5, then to $6, and finally to $7. That means that we’ll eventually have lots of customers all paying $7 per bottle.

The third owner wasn’t sure about either of the first two approaches. His view was: “I think that we should just follow the industry trend and use Mark-up Pricing. We know that the market is willing to pay between $5 and $6.50 per bottle. Let’s just mark-our product up a % based on our cost and keep it within that range.  Personally, I think it would be risky to price outside that range. We don’t know whether the market will pay more, and we also don’t know if our customers will be happy with a series of price increases.”

The other two disagreed arguing that their product offered extra value over the existing brands and simple mark-up pricing neither allowed them to make extra profits at the outset or capture market share.

QUESTIONS:

Based on the Stages of Establishing Prices that we discussed in Chapter 12, describe how you would advise the owners of this business to think more carefully about setting the price.

Please do not just list the steps. Rather, list each step and present your analysis for this particular product.

Be specific with your ideas and advice. What should the price be?

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Los Angeles Valley College Ch

Develop a 3-4 page preliminary care coordination plan for a selected health care problem. Include physical, psychosocial, and cultural considerations for this health care problem. Identify and list available community resources for a safe and effective continuum of care.

NOTE: You are required to complete this assessment before Assessment 4.

The first step in any effective project is planning. This assignment provides an opportunity for you to strengthen your understanding of how to plan and negotiate the coordination of care for a particular health care problem.

Include physical, psychosocial, and cultural considerations for this health care problem. Identify and list available community resources for a safe and effective continuum of care.

As you begin to prepare this assessment, you are encouraged to complete the Care Coordination Planning activity. Completion of this will provide useful practice, particularly for those of you who do not have care coordination experience in community settings. The information gained from completing this activity will help you succeed with the assessment. Completing formatives is also a way to demonstrate engagement.

PREPARATION

Imagine that you are a staff nurse in a community care center. Your facility has always had a dedicated case management staff that coordinated the patient plan of care, but recently, there were budget cuts and the case management staff has been relocated to the inpatient setting. Care coordination is essential to the success of effectively managing patients in the community setting, so you have been asked by your nurse manager to take on the role of care coordination. You are a bit unsure of the process, but you know you will do a good job because, as a nurse, you are familiar with difficult tasks. As you take on this expanded role, you will need to plan effectively in addressing the specific health concerns of community residents.

To prepare for this assessment, you may wish to:

  • Review the assessment instructions and scoring guide to ensure that you understand the work you will be asked to complete.
  • Allow plenty of time to plan your chosen health care concern.

Note: Remember that you can submit all, or a portion of, your draft plan to Smarthinking Tutoring for feedback, before you submit the final version for this assessment. If you plan on using this free service, be mindful of the turnaround time of 24–48 hours for receiving feedback.

INSTRUCTIONS

Note: You are required to complete this assessment before Assessment 4.

Develop the Preliminary Care Coordination Plan

Complete the following:

  • Identify a health concern as the focus of your care coordination plan. In your plan, please include physical, psychosocial, and cultural needs. Possible health concerns may include, but are not limited to:
    • Stroke.
    • Heart disease (high blood pressure, stroke, or heart failure).
    • Home safety.
    • Pulmonary disease (COPD or fibrotic lung disease).
    • Orthopedic concerns (hip replacement or knee replacement).
    • Cognitive impairment (Alzheimer’s disease or dementia).
    • Pain management.
    • Mental health.
    • Trauma.
  • Identify available community resources for a safe and effective continuum of care.

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Los Angeles Valley College Ch

For this assessment, you will evaluate the preliminary care coordination plan you developed in Assessment 1 using best practices found in the literature.

NOTE: You are required to complete this assessment after Assessment 1 is successfully completed.

Care coordination is the process of providing a smooth and seamless transition of care as part of the health continuum. Nurses must be aware of community resources, ethical considerations, policy issues, cultural norms, safety, and the physiological needs of patients. Nurses play a key role in providing the necessary knowledge and communication to ensure seamless transitions of care. They draw upon evidence-based practices to promote health and disease prevention to create a safe environment conducive to improving and maintaining the health of individuals, families, or aggregates within a community. When provided with a plan and the resources to achieve and maintain optimal health, patients benefit from a safe environment conducive to healing and a better quality of life.

This assessment provides an opportunity to research the literature and apply evidence to support what communication, teaching, and learning best practices are needed for a hypothetical patient with a selected health care problem.

You are encouraged to complete the Vila Health: Cultural Competence activity prior to completing this assessment. Completing course activities before submitting your first attempt has been shown to make the difference between basic and proficient assessment.

Demonstration of Proficiency

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:

  • Competency 1: Adapt care based on patient-centered and person-focused factors.
    • Design patient-centered health interventions and timelines for a selected health care problem.
  • Competency 2: Collaborate with patients and family to achieve desired outcomes.
    • Describe priorities that a care coordinator would establish when discussing the plan with a patient and family member, making changes based upon evidence-based practice.
  • Competency 3: Create a satisfying patient experience.
    • Use the literature on evaluation as a guide to compare learning session content with best practices, including how to align teaching sessions to the Healthy People 2030 document.
  • Competency 4: Defend decisions based on the code of ethics for nursing.
    • Consider ethical decisions in designing patient-centered health interventions.
  • Competency 5: Explain how health care policies affect patient-centered care.
    • Identify relevant health policy implications for the coordination and continuum of care.
  • Competency 6: Apply professional, scholarly communication strategies to lead patient-centered care.
    • Apply APA formatting to in-text citations and references, exhibiting nearly flawless adherence to APA format.
    • Organize content so ideas flow logically with smooth transitions; contains few errors in grammar/punctuation, word choice, and spelling.

Preparation

In this assessment, you will evaluate the preliminary care coordination plan you developed in Assessment 1 using best practices found in the literature.

To prepare for your assessment, you will research the literature on your selected health care problem. You will describe the priorities that a care coordinator would establish when discussing the plan with a patient and family members. You will identify changes to the plan based upon EBP and discuss how the plan includes elements of Healthy People 2030.

Note: Remember that you can submit all, or a portion of, your plan to Smarthinking Tutoring for feedback, before you submit the final version for this assessment. If you plan on using this free service, be mindful of the turnaround time of 24–48 hours for receiving feedback.

Instructions

Note: You are required to complete Assessment 1 before this assessment.

For this assessment:

  • Build on the preliminary plan, developed in Assessment 1, to complete a comprehensive care coordination plan.
Document Format and Length

Build on the preliminary plan document you created in Assessment 1. Your final plan should be a scholarly APA-formatted paper, 5–7 pages in length, not including title page and reference list.

Supporting Evidence

Support your care coordination plan with peer-reviewed articles, course study resources, and Healthy People 2030 resources. Cite at least three credible sources.

Grading Requirements

The requirements, outlined below, correspond to the grading criteria in the Final Care Coordination Plan Scoring Guide, so be sure to address each point. Read the performance-level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.

  • Design patient-centered health interventions and timelines for a selected health care problem.
    • Address three health care issues.
    • Design an intervention for each health issue.
    • Identify three community resources for each health intervention.
  • Consider ethical decisions in designing patient-centered health interventions.
    • Consider the practical effects of specific decisions.
    • Include the ethical questions that generate uncertainty about the decisions you have made.
  • Identify relevant health policy implications for the coordination and continuum of care.
    • Cite specific health policy provisions.
  • Describe priorities that a care coordinator would establish when discussing the plan with a patient and family member, making changes based upon evidence-based practice.
    • Clearly explain the need for changes to the plan.
  • Use the literature on evaluation as a guide to compare learning session content with best practices, including how to align teaching sessions to the Healthy People 2030 document.
    • Use the literature on evaluation as guide to compare learning session content with best practices.
    • Align teaching sessions to the Healthy People 2030 document.
  • Apply APA formatting to in-text citations and references, exhibiting nearly flawless adherence to APA format.
  • Organize content so ideas flow logically with smooth transitions; contains few errors in grammar/punctuation, word choice, and spelling.
Additional Requirements

Before submitting your assessment, proofread your final care coordination plan to minimize errors that could distract readers and make it more difficult for them to focus on the substance of your plan.

Portfolio Prompt: Save your presentation to your ePortfolio. Submissions to the ePortfolio will be part of your final Capstone course.

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