LLD100WB San José State Presentation of New Garbage Sorting System Memo

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Analyze your audience? (p. 470)Determine your purpose? (p. 470)Identify the questions that need to be answered? (p. 471)Carry out the appropriate research? (p. 473)Draw valid conclusions about the results (if appropriate)? (p. 473)Formulate recommendations based on the conclusion (if appropriate)? (p. 474)Does the transmittal letterClearly state the title and, if necessary, the subject and purpose of the report? (p. 479)Clearly state who authorized or commissioned the report? (p. 479)Acknowledge any assistance you received? (p. 479)Establish a courteous and professional tone? (p. 479)Does the cover includeThe title of the report? (p. 479)Your names and positions? (p. 479)The date of the submission? (p. 479)Does the title pageInclude a title that clearly states the subject and purpose of the report? (p. 479)List your names and positions and those you are addressing the report to? (p. 479)Include the date of submission of the report and any other identifying information? (p. 479)Does the abstract (no less than 250 words)List the report title, your names, and any other identifying information? (p. 479)Clearly define the problem or opportunity that led to this project (descriptive)? (p.479)Briefly describe the research methods? ((p. 479)Summarize the major results, conclusions, and recommendations? (p. 480)Does the table of contents (620, 625-630)Contain a sufficiently detailed breakdown of the major sections of the body of the report neatly aligned? (p.481)Reproduce the headings as they appear in the report? (p. 481)Include page numbers? (p. 481)Did you submit a table of contents for the illustrations? (481-483)Does the introduction Explain the subject of the report? (p. 476)Explain the purpose of the report? (p. 477)Explain the background of the report? (p. 477)Describe the sources of information? (p. 477) CHECKLIST FOR FINAL REPORT2Briefly summarize the most significant findings of the project? (p. 477)Briefly summarize your recommendations? (p. 477)Explain the organization of the report? (p. 477)Define key terms used in the report? (p. 477)Does the methods sectionDescribe your methods in sufficient detail? (p. 477)Justify your methods where necessary, explaining for instance, why you chose one method over another? (p. 477)Are the results presentedClearly? (p. 477)Objectively? (p. 477)Without interpretation? (p. 477)Are conclusionsPresented clearly? (p. 478)Drawn logically from the results? (p. 478)Are the recommendations Clear? (478)Objective? (p. 478)In paragraph format? (p. 478)In an appropriate location? (p. 478)* Does the glossary include definitions of technical terms that your readers might not know? (p. 484)* Does the list of symbols include all symbols and abbreviations your readers might not know? (p. 484)* Does the list of references include all sources and adhere to APA format? (p.486)* Does the appendixes including supporting materials that are too bulky to present in the body of the report or are of interest to only a small number of readers? (p. 487)Note #1: Each subsection (individual sections will have a conclusion/recommendation) but there must also be a comprehension recommendation/conclusion for the group report, which explains what is the best option. Or maybe all subsections (individual sections) offer possible solutions and deserve consideration.Note #2: Group reports must include a comprehensive Gantt Chart detailing how the proposed schedule for the work your group proposes. (See sample paper.)Note #3: Each group report must also include a budget. (See sample paper.)Note #4: Do not forget the credentials section listing each person’s credentials. How to Add a Running Head on a Title Page Only in WordA running head is a string of text added to a document’s header on top left side with page numbers on top right. It is often used in academic papers CHECKLIST FOR FINAL REPORT3and short story manuscripts to display the title of the story and the author’s name next to the page number. Typically, a running head appears on every page in the document; however, you can configure Microsoft Word to create a custom running head on the title page of the document only. The process is the same in Word 2007 and Word 2010.Step 1Open your document in Microsoft Word. Make sure you are at the very top of the document, on the title page.Step 2Double-click the top part of the title page. The header editing box will appear.Step 3Click on the Design tab, and then click Different First Page. This allows you to add your running head to the title page only.Step 4Type the desired running head in the header field. Double-click any other area of the document to return to the default view.CHECKLIST FOR FINAL PROPOSAL1. Is the proposal written in 12-point Times New Roman font?2. Did you use double spacing with 1-inch margins?3. Did you number all pages? Page numbers should go in the on far right (RUNNING HEAD on top left; see directions below.)4. Did each person write at least 6-8 FULL pages not counting images, title page, reference list, or any other material?5. Did each person supply at least two visuals with proper labeling (chart, table, photo, etc. AND correct citations directly beneath the image.)?6. Did you include a Gantt chart to outline the schedule of tasks and activities?7. Did you include the budget?8. Did you cite at least 4-6 peer-reviewed references per perso

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To: Bill Gates From: Shervin Suresh ( Head of Technology at H20cean Farms) Date: May 1, 2019 Subject: Technology in H20cean Farms Purpose The Purpose of this memo is to explain the technology on the H20cean Farms. Additionally another purpose of this memo is to explain how the technology makes H20Cean Farms different from any other solution. Summary Firstly, the memo will describe Internet of Things technology’s impact on farming in the digital age. Secondly, the memo will explain how the combination of Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence makes H20cean Farms nearly autonomous. Thirdly, the memo will describe how IoT can help advance the markets related to IoT. Fourthly, the memo will explain how Meat Labs can utilize all the space on the H20cean farms. Finally, the memo will conclude with a conclusion connecting all the technology together. Discussion Technology has never been so prevalent in every aspect of life ever before, thus with the technological advancements being made, those advancements should change the way food is grown. Though disregarding the technological advancements of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), but in the monitoring and understanding of crops through the advancements in Internet of Things (IoT) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). With the world requiring more food every year, farming needs to get smarter. With the ability to create crops that are not only more nutritious but also are grown with less energy using IoT. Also being able to create meat in a lab to help augment the demand so many countries have on meat. Thus, with the interconnection of IoT and AI, food can be produced with more nutrients, less energy, and less cost. Smart Farming One of the biggest advancements in the last decade is the idea of “smart” technology or technology that is connected to other technology. This technology belongs to a family known as Internet of Things (IoT), the interconnection of technology is not just a gimmick but a very useful feature that increases productivity, efficiency, and reliability. Thus, with a current population of seven billion people which is growing every year (Dagar, Som, & Khatri, 2018, p. 1052), land is becoming a commodity for living let alone growing food. Leading to needing to use the allotted land available as efficiently as possible for farming. Thus IoT helps not only increase production but also the quality of crops grown. Through the proposed technologies the production of the farms on H20cean Farms will be extra productive. Thus, introducing IoT to help farming has become big hot button projects especially in India. In the article “Smart Farming- IoT in Agriculture” it is shown that the yields produced in “Poly Houses” which are IoT connected greenhouses have a baseline yield of a seasonal crop average yield though the Poly House provides the benefit of a greater yield (Dagar et al., 2018, p. 1054). As shown in Figure 1 the Poly House is a very easy to set up farm with a structure to help keep the environment constant. The “poly houses” also have the advantage of being monitorable in many aspects such as soil pH, soil moisture, air temperature, and motion detection. These monitors help not only in keep intruders such as animals away but also provide a host of benefits in crop yield, as the farmer can check the soil for nutrients, so they can replenish the soil with different crops. These improvements and knowledge gained from IoT allow the crops to not only monitored but also be dependable as if the conditions for the crops are as required it leads to less stressful growing seasons. Figure 1. Picture of Poly House showing the structure and layout (Dagar et al., 2018, p. 1054) Building markets with IoT IoT farming also provides wonderful opportunity to build markets using IoT data. With the ability to monitor and control so many different aspects in farms, farms provide a great launching pad for items that are byproducts of farming like wine or cheese or products related to farming like tools (Dagar et al., 2018, p. 1054). These products related to or derived from farming can use the IoT in farms to help make sure their raw ingredients are produced well or see if the tools that are produced for the farms are going to be in suitable environments. To use IoT services one big market that needs to develop in many countries is the Internet service and connectivity. In the article “Emerging Markets and the IoT” the plan states that the increased adoption and usage of IoT devices will help fuel the improvement of technologies like “4G” especially in third world countries(Marinakis et al., 2018, p. 1). The increased demand will lead to increased supply and create a positive loop in internet services development. Another big market that will take shape according to “Marinakis et al. is power supplies and infrastructure as before in their research “power supply was unreliable…[and] the effect was compounded manifold in rural India,” (2018, p.8) even the idea of creating smart farms would help countries like India to justify their expenditure in reworking their power supply infrastructure. The idea of updating power supplies in rural areas had been small scale tested with results of “a 35% increase in efficiency to lack of power outages.” ((Marinakis et al., 2018, p. 8) Implementing IoT Farming With IoT farming having benefits extending as far as improving the services around it, though one of the biggest questions is how to properly implement IoT in to farms. As show in the article “Implement Smart Farm with IoT Technology” the main components of an IoT farm are the “nodes, gateways, servers, databases” and smartphones which allow the user to interact with the system. (Yoon, Huh, Kang, Park, & Lee, 2018, p.749) In Figure 2 the whole system of the IoT farming system is shown in order to see the interconnections of the different modules. Figure 2. The IoT smart farm system design (.” (Yoon et al., 2018, p. 749) The “nodes” are “LPWAN, Bluetooth, and RS485”, which are communication protocols that allow the data collected by the sensors on the nodes to be sent to the next stage of the system “gateways.”(Yoon et al., 2018, p. 749) The next stage of the system is the gateways that transport the collected data to the internet through the next stage which are “servers, “ the gateway uses “MQTT” as a “messaging protocol.” (Yoon et al., 2018, p. 750) MQTT is a low energy messaging protocol that allows for expansion as each signal gets transported quickly to a server. The next stage of the system is the “server and database” which are one of the most crucial parts of the system as they are the collection and generation of all the data in the system as the server helps aggregate all the incoming data from the gateways, then the aggregated data is fed into the database. In the database the information is then processed and stored properly so that information like temperature doesn’t come out as a string of ones and zeroes. (Yoon et al., 2018, p. 750) The final step is the smartphones which are usually the one part of the system that most users will access as it will display most the of the information collected by the nodes except for the data like data transfer rates or speed. The information as communicated by Yoon et. al (2018) will be displayed by using an app to connect to phone to the database. The app should be easy to use as the various user of the app may have varying levels of app usage aptitude. Figure 3 shows a concept of an app which has a relatively simple User Interface (UI). Figure 3. An example of an easy to use app to see the data from the IoT system (Yoon et al., 2018, p. 750) One of the issues that needs to be considered is the range the IoT farming system can cover, as the data can only be sent and received in a 500-meter radius from a gateway. (Yoon et al., 2018, p. 751) Thus when a smart farm is being planned the placements of gateways should be places so that there is a little overlap in the ranges to avoid dead zones in the connection. One such advancement proposed by Yoon et al (2018) is the use of the lower power Bluetooth relays which could also have a dual functionality as a low powered pest deterrent. One other issue is making sure the system knows if data is being accessed by a user in order to save on power consumption. (Yoon et al., 2018, p. 750). The proposed solution is to send a message to the server only when the data needs to be accessed rather than just sending information continuously, which would work by using “a publisher/subscriber” model in which the “publisher” is the database, and it only needs to push updates when the “subscriber” actually requests information (Yoon et al., 2018, p. 750). In order to incorporate the “publisher/subscriber” model, Figure 4 shows the “sensing message” that the “publisher” will receive thus letting the “publisher” know that the subscriber needs information. Figure 4. A model showing the publisher subscriber model to help reduce the energy usage (Yoon et al., 2018, p. 751) Improving IoT farming with Artificial Intelligence IoT helps provide a lot of information for farmers to help them see what is really going on in their farms, though with the addition of Artificial Intelligence (AI) it could help farmers not only know what is going on in their farms but also how to improve or fix any problems. In the article “IoT solution for precision farming and good manufacturing: Artificial Intelligence application in Digital Food” it is shown that IoT devices in conjunction with AI will help grow crops with higher nutritional values. (Dolci, 2017, p.384) The way the AI and IoT work together is by feeding in the data from the IoT devices into a computational machine (AI) which can produce recommendations to help the crops grow with better nutrients. (Dolci, 2017, p.384) The AI is basically an algorithm which takes in data and then is able to produce an output in this case suggestions. As shown in the example by Dolsi (2017) a barley crop that had IoT sensor installed and used AI to give the farmer recommendations resulted in barley that was 20% more rich in compounds that the farmer required. (385) The barley was grown better through the use of the recommendations of the AI, which had given suggestions such as increasing the temperature, and reducing the pH of the soil, the recommendations were generated by the AI using the data from the IoT sensors to get real time measurements of the soil pH, humidity, and temperature. (Dolci, 2017, p.384) One recent advancement that makes the combination of IoT and AI more powerful are devices like smart thermostats and sprinklers. These smart devices can take input from the AI and act upon the input as for example changing the temperature. Since these devices do not require human input, they in conjunction with AI and IoT help create an almost autonomous farm. One such smart thermostat is shown in Figure 5, which not only can monitor and set temperature but can also learn the habits of the user, which in this case would be the AI. The ability for the thermostat to learn from the input of the AI would allow the thermostat to develop patterns. Thus after a while the AI would be able to perform other actions rather than having to babysit the thermostat. (Dolci, 2017, p.385) Figure 5. Smart Thermostat showing and controlling temperature in a room (Dolci, 2017, p.385) Growing meat in laboratories With many countries having meat as a staple of protein, the demand for meat has risen in the last couple decades in almost an exponential way. (Sharma, Thind, & Kaur, 2015, p.7599) Thus, a new alternative for meat growing had to be used as the process of slaughtering animals requires land and produces a lot of waste. The new method is known as In Vitro Meat and is the process of growing meat using stem cells, which are cells that do not have a specific purpose like being a heart or bone cell and can become any cell of that organism, thus these cells can be cultured into muscle cells, which is the meat on an animal. (Sharma, Thind, & Kaur, 2015, p.7601) The process of creating In Vitro Meat is one of two techniques which are the selforganizing or scaffold-based technique. The self-organizing technique uses the cells of a specific organism and then the cells are placed in a medium that is made up of different extracts which help give the cells proper growth for their desired application. (Sharma, Thind, & Kaur, 2015, p.7600) One example of the self-organization technique is when a cow cell was used as the base and then put in to a medium of “fetal bovine serum: 13.8 %, fishmeal extract: 7.1 %, shiitake extract: 4.8 %, maitake extract: 15.6 %” which produced muscles that mimicked those from a cow. (Sharma, Thind, & Kaur, 2015, p.7600) The next technique is the Scaffold-based technique which is relatively newer and less convoluted, where a stem cell is attaches to a scaffold and then placed in a “culture medium,” the cells as they grow produce “myofibers” which after processing is meat. (Sharma, Thind, & Kaur, 2015, p.7600) The ability to produce meat in a lab provides an opportunity to incorporate “Meat labs” into IoT farms as many of the machines and growing processes of in vitro meat can be done autonomously. (Bartholet, 2017, p.64) Since much of the growing process of the vitro meat is just waiting for the completion, menial tasks such as mixing the mediums can be done with machines. Finally, the same IoT and AI technology can be implemented in setting the temperatures of the “bioreactors” which culture the meat. (Bartholet, 2017, p.67) The labs also are negatively affected with sunlight, so the labs can be placed lower on the vertical farm, thus using the space properly rather than wasting the area. Figure 6 shows a prototype modular bioreactor that can be automated with IoT and AI. Automating the machines would result in the ability to control the growing conditions of the meat but more importantly would help make the process cheaper as the process of growing meat in a lab today is expensive due to the time the meat takes to grow in conjunction with the costs associated with paying people to manage the growth process of the meat. Figure 6. Prototype of Modular Bioreactor for automating meat growth (Bartholet, 2017, p.67) Conclusion Technology enables H20cean Farms to be extremely efficient, energy conservative, and predictable. With additions like IoT H20cean Farms are able to be monitored even if the farm is in the middle of the ocean providing a sense of security as well as the ability to monitor many different metrics. AI coupled with IoT helps the Farms also be nearly autonomous with the AI learning the patterns of the farm to be as efficient as possible. Through the AI and IoT combination, the farms not only send information but are also able to communicate with each other to build a database of sensor information and act upon the information. Finally growing meat helps not only alleviate the strain on animal slaughterhouses, while also providing meat in almost an autonomous way. The meat labs also help to utilize space aboard the H20cean farm as the area on the farm that does not get sunlight can be used with a proper purpose. The trifecta of technology not only improves H20cean farms but make the farms far unique in their capabilities. References Bartholet, J. (2017). Inside the Meat Lab. Scientific American., 304(6), 64-69. This article covers the prototype of “Meat Labs” specifically covering the technology used in the labs to produce meat. Bartholet is a researcher for the National Institute of Health, and the article starts with the process of growing meat in a lab. The article then covers the technology used in the meat labs. Specifically, the article goes into depth about the autonomous meat developers. The focus of the project helps show how meat labs can be made in any environment. One of the most important items to consider is the time that is used while waiting for the meat to grow. The article was primarily used for its information about autonomous meat growing. The article also helped explain the processes of growing meat in a lab environment. The new advancements in lab meat growing was very fascinating in seeing how AI can be used. The AI can be used in conjunction with new growing methods to have autonomous growing patterns. Another reason for picking the article is to understand the time it takes to grow meat. Finally the article brings to light the reasons why growing meat needs to become mainstream. Dagar, R., Som, S., & Khatri, S. (2018). 2018 International Conference on Inventive Research in Computing Applications (ICIRCA) (2018 International Conference on Inventive Research in Computing Applications (ICIRCA)). IEEE. This article is written to give information about implementing IoT in farms. Using IoT in farms can not only deter pests but also provide the farmer with a lot of information. The ability about knowing about the temperature in the farm helps the farmer see what is going on in the farm. The ability to understand the farm with IoT helps the production rates be averagely higher than regular farms. With the introduction of “Poly Houses” it provides the farmer with the ability to also ensure that the whole environment for the crops is proper. Finally understanding the use of IoT in ensuring good product and the benefits of it. The article was used for its background knowledge in the explanation of increased productivity with IoT farming. With the detailed explanation of Poly Houses, the article shares a lot of information in its importance. The article also stresses the importance of knowing which sensors read a specific type of data. With the understanding of IoT the changes IoT causes for farmers is also given. Following the changes the full proposed model is shown. Finally concluding with the benefits helps wrap up and reiterate why IoT and farming is a great combination. Dolci, R. (2017). 2017 IEEE 41st Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC) (Vol. 2, 2017 IEEE 41st Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC)). IEEE. The article explains the connection of AI and IoT in farming. With AI, IoT farms are not only able to monitored but also can be run almost autonomously. The AI allows the farm to learn the patterns needed by the crops to produce more efficient crops in either nutrients or other metrics. The ability for H20cean Farms to be run almost autonomously allows the farms to be run efficiently. With the ability to see how the sensors can interact with the farm, it helps make better crops. Finally wrapping up with an example of an IoT farm. The article was chosen for its knowledge in connecting the benefits of AI and IoT. As shown in the article it walks us through the whole farm. With the farm it shows the setup of the IoT, and how to maintain the system. The article also shows how an IoT system controls the AI. Thus leading to how the AI helps the IoT system learns. Finally the article explains how the system is able to save energy. Marinakis, Y., Thukral, I., Pandey, M., Hernandez, J., Groen, A., & Walsh, S. (2018). 2018 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET) (2018 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET)). IEEE. The article explains how IoT can be used as a structure to help develop markets. Specifically in third world countries IoT enables to growth of markets like internet and power. With these markets being imperative to IoT, IoT helps create a positive feedback loop in developing them. With the market of IoT it is the only industry to make supporting industries better. Thus IoT can not be sustained on its own as it requires the markets of ele …
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