Kearney Company, operating at

Kearney Company, operating at full capacity, sold 143,000 units at a price of $69 per unit during 20Y5. Its income statement for 20Y5 is as follows:

Sales $9,867,000
Cost of goods sold (3,496,000)
Gross profit $6,371,000
Expenses:
Selling expenses $1,748,000
Administrative expenses 1,058,000
Total expenses (2,806,000)
Income from operations $3,565,000

The division of costs between fixed and variable is as follows:

Fixed Variable
Cost of good sold 40% 60%
Selling expenses 50% 50%
Administrative expenses 70% 30%

Management is considering a plant expansion program that will permit an increase of $759,000 (11,000 units at $69 per unit) in yearly sales. The expansion will increase fixed costs by $101,200, but will not affect the relationship between sales and variable costs.

Instructions:

5. Determine the amount of sales (units) that would be necessary under the proposed program to realize the $3,565,000 of income from operations that was earned in 20Y5.

6. Determine the maximum operating income possible with the expanded plant.

7. If the proposal is accepted and sales remain at the 20Y5 level, what will be the operating income or loss for 20Y6?

8. Assuming a lack of market research, disadvantages for expanding the plant include all of the following except:

  1. The break-even point increases.
  2. The sales necessary to maintain the current income from operations must increase in excess of 20Y5 sales.
  3. If future sales remain at the 20Y5 level, the income from operations will decline.
  4. The maximum income from operations possible with the expanded plant is less than the current income from operations.

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