In this week’s lesson we spoke about the multiple studies of the criminology and the theoretical origins related to criminal behavior and punishment. Criminal activity is an inevitable in society. However, society and legislation determine what is known to be an act of criminalistic behavior as well as what type of punishment will be involved to the individual who conducted the act. For example,
Punishment is the reparation demanded by society from someone who has harmed society through his/her own misbehavior: there is also an obvious contradictory element here, and the right to punish crimes rests only on the authority of the legislator ‘who represents the whole of society united by the social contract’ (ibid.: 12) (Bruni 7 Porta, 2014, p. 4)
That said, the theories of criminology have provided better explanations as to the opinion of punishment for crimes committed as well as ideologies of criminal behavior.
These studies consist of Positivist and Classical schools of criminology. “Positivist criminology, broadly conceived, is the project of subjecting criminal behavior to scientific study and bringing the findings of this science to bear in the practice of criminal justice” (Simon, 2006” p. 2). To better define these theories, Positivists describe their theory of criminal behavior as all men and women are unique having the ability to commit crimes as well as men. Positivistic theory also focused on the criminal behavior and how to treat the issue in order to mitigate the act overall. By understanding the individual thought process of the criminal, positivistic methods are utilized in order to gain better information in regards to criminology as well as better tailor treatment for a better
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