Write a brief source analysis for each of the following three primary sources. Each essay should be 250 words.
When writing your essay, keep in mind the model of the “6 C’s of primary source analysis”:
- Content (what is the text about, what are the main ideas?)
- Citation (who is the author?)
- Context (what else is going on at the time that is relevant for your understanding of the primary source?)
- Connection (prior knowledge: link the source to other things you know and connect this source to the broader historical narrative about the Holocaust)
- Communication (what is the point of view of the author of this source? What seems to be the agenda or goal behind it? who is the intended audience?)
- Conclusions (what does this primary source contribute to your understanding of the history of the Holocaust, what is its significance
“I feel old, I have no confidence in my heart, I do not believe that I have much time left to me, I do not believe that I shall live to see the end of the Third Reich, and I let myself drift along fatalistically without especial despair and cannot give up hope. … the women in our family are also leaving Germany, and sometimes my staying here seems dishonorable to me—but what should I do, who could not even be a language teacher, do elsewhere? … The foreign affairs situation is completely confused, but it undoubtedly presents the Hitler government with the greatest opportunities. The huge German army is feared and used by every party: perhaps Germany will do a deal with England, perhaps with Italy, but a deal will certainly be done … And I certainly no longer believe that it has enemies inside Germany. The majority of the people is content, a small group accepts Hitler as the lesser evil, no one really wants to be rid of him, all see in him the liberator in foreign affairs, fear Russian conditions, as a child fears the bogeyman, believe, insofar as they are not honestly carried away, that it is inopportune, in terms of Realpolitik, to be outraged at such details as the suppression of civil liberties, the persecution of the Jews, the falsification of all scholarly truths, the systematic destruction of all morality. And all are afraid for their livelihood, their life, all are such terrible cowards.”
“I could no longer very well doubt that the objects of my study were not Germans of a special religion, but a people in themselves; for since I had begun to concern myself with this question and to take cognizance of Jews, Vienna appeared to me in a different light than before. Wherever I went, I began to see Jews, and the more I saw, the more sharply they became distinguished in my eyes from the rest of humanity. … Gradually I began to hate them. …
… The Jewish doctrine of Marxism rejects the aristocratic principle of Nature and replaces the eternal privilege of power and strength by the mass of numbers and their dead weight. Thus it denies the value of personality in man, contests the significance of nationality and race, and thereby withdraws from humanity the premise of its existence and culture. … If, with the help of his Marxist creed, the Jew is victorious over the other peoples of the world, his crown will be the funeral wreath of humanity and this planet will, as it did thousands of years ago, move through the ether devoid of men.”
“I keep myself busy with politics. In school we talk of nothing but politics. The more so since the various political opinions are represented here. Tchiquie, the Spanish girl, is not, as I had assumed, a refugee from Franco. To the contrary, her father is an attaché at the Spanish embassy, and she is an enthusiastic nationalist who is ruthless and unfair in her opposition to anyone else’s opinion. … At the other end of the spectrum is Gabriele, the Italian girl, a refugee from Mussolini and an anti-Fascist. The two are in each other’s faces almost every day.
Meanwhile, two new students have arrived. Francine, who at first glance seems to be an ardent French nationalist, claims that it would not be such a bad idea if Hitler brought some order into the country and protected it from the danger of Communism. Sabine is anti-Fascist, as are Nicole and Jeannette. Simone is anti-Hitler but not anti-German. The most heated discussions are taking place almost uninterruptedly ….”