Hard Rock Cafe

At the Hard Rock Cafe, like many organizations, project management is a key planning tool. With Hard Rock’s constant growth in hotels and cafes, remodeling of existing cafes, scheduling for Hard Rock Live concert and event venues, and planning the annual Rockfest, managers rely on project management techniques and software to maintain schedule and budget performance.
“Without Microsoft Project,” says Hard Rock Vice-President Chris Tomasso, “there is no way to keep so many people on the same page.” Tomasso is in charge of the Rockfest event, which is attended by well over 100,000 enthusiastic fans. The challenge is pulling it off within a tight 9-month planning horizon. As the event approaches, Tomasso devotes greater energy to its activities. For the first 3 months, Tomasso updates his MS Project charts monthly. Then at the 6-month mark, he updates his progress weekly. At the 9- month mark, he checks and corrects his schedule twice a week.
Early in the project management process, Tomasso identifies 10 major tasks (called level 2 activities in a work breakdown structure, or WBS):talent booking, ticketing, marketing/PR, online promotion, television, show production, travel, sponsorships, operations, and merchandising. Using a WBS, each of these is further divided into a series of subtasks. The following table identifies 26 of the major activities and subactivities, their immediate predecessors, and time estimates. Tomasso enters all of these into the MS Project software. Tomasso alters the MS Project document and the time line as the project progresses. “It’s okay to change it as long as you keep on track,” he states.
Activity    Description    Predecessor     Normal Time (weeks)    Normal Cost    Crash Time (weeks)    Crash Cost
A    Finalize site and building contracts    —    7    $7,500    4    $11,500
B    Select local printer    A    3    $500    2    $800
C    Hire production manager    A    3    $1,200    2    $1,700
D    Design promotional Web site    B    5    $6,000    3    $9,000
E    Set TV deal    D    6    $4,000    4    $6,500
F    Hire director    E    4    $1,200    3    $1,700
G    Plan for TV camera placement    F    2    $500    2    $500
H    Target headline entertainers    B    4    $2,000    3    $3,500
I    Target support entertainers    H    4    $2,000    3    $3,500
J    Travel accommodations for talent    I    10    $9,000    7    $16,000
K    Set venue capacity    C    2    $300    1    $400
L    Ticketmaster contract    D    3    $1,400    2    $1,900
M    On-site ticketing    L    8    $7,000    6    $11,000
N    Sound and staging    C    6    $9,000    5    $12,000
O    Passes and stage credentials    G    7    $4,000    5    $5,800
P    Travel accommodations for staff    B    20    $15,000    15    $23,000
Q    Hire sponsor coordinator    B    4    $600    3    $800
R    Finalize sponsors    Q    4    $1,000    3    $1,400
S    Define/place signage for sponsors    R    3    $3,000    2    $4,200
T    Hire operations manager    A    4    $1,200    2    $1,800
U    Develop site plan    T    6    $6,000    5    $8,500
V    Hire security director    T    7    $1,500    5    $3,000
W    Set police/fire security plan    V    4    $1,000    3    $1,600
X    Power, plumbing, AC, toilet services    U    8    $4,000    6    $7,000
Y    Secure merchandise deals    B    6    $6,000    3    $7,500
Z    Online merchandise sales    Y    6    $5,000    4    $7,500
The day of the rock concert itself is not the end of the project planning. “It’s nothing but surprises. A band not being able to get to the venue because of traffic jams is a surprise, but an ‘anticipated’ surprise. We had a helicopter on stand-by ready to fly the band in,” says Tomasso.
On completion of Rockfest in July, Tomasso and his team have a 3-month reprieve before starting the project planning process again.
Source: Professor Barry Render, Jay Heizer and Beverly Amer.
Case Assignment
Please turn in a paper of one to two pages (page counting does not include cover and reference list) discussing the following questions:
1.    Identify the critical path and its activities for Rockfest. How long does the project take (what is the duration time)?
2.    How would you crash the project (which activities would you crash) to keep the project on schedule and achieve the original duration, if Activity B actually takes 5 weeks instead of the planned 3 weeks? (Explain your logic)?
Hints: You are welcome to take a look at ppt presentation#2 in the background material. Starting from slide #13, you will see an example of how to find critical path and how to crash a project. You are welcome to download a 60-day trial version of MS Project (optional). However, detailed explanations of your rationale and calculations are still expected.

AIDitional Question:
Scheduling people to work late, or “graveyard”, shift is a problem in almost every 24-hour company. An article in the Wall Street Journal titled “Scheduling workers who fall asleep on the job is not easy” describes night-shift dilemmas at an oil refinery and a police department. Scheduling is also difficulty for airline that fly long routes, such as El AL Airline’s Popular 11-hour nonstop Tel Aviv to New York flight.

Select five companies that require night shifts and discuss how each can deal with its staffing requirements. What are the major issues in each that affect moral, productivity, alertness, and safety?

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