Fort Valley State University

Hey I need a quick response for these two classmate.


Response One: This weeks discussion insisted that I imagine individuals, as my clients. Activity 9.1, asked what do I see as each of their issues? What approach to counseling would I use in working with each client? What do I think I need to know about European American cultures and history to work effectively with each of them? What are the cultural dimensions for theses European Clients, that might need to be considered? Before I read he backgrounds information on Tom, Ellen, Tony, and Svetiana, I automatically assumed that they were all experiencing cultural clashing. Before I began to judge the individuals, as a counselor, I think it would be best to identify their beliefs and understand them. After I identify each client beliefs, morals, or culture, I can approach their situation with understanding, and I can providing the proper help without being opinionated, but factual.

What do I see as each of their issues? Before I read the clients background information I automatically assumed that they were all experiencing cultural clashing. After I read each client background information, I observed that they are all experiencing issues with their parents, or their having parenting issues, because of their beliefs. In the case of Tom , Tom is up in age now. Toms experienced ill emotions, because he think that some untrained African Americans took a job that he is qualified for. I think Tom did not receive the job because, the other individuals may serve the business further in the future, and Tom is at the age of retirement. Tom marriage failure, staying with his sister, and job promotion failure, has caused stress and targeting Tom’s ego. In the case of Ellen, Ellen is feeling overwhelmed, and my first assumption was right, Ellen’s household is experiencing culture Clashing. Ellen’s mother cultural experience and beliefs are similar but different from each other, while Ellen’s husband beliefs are totally different according to,(Diamant, 2021), practicing Jews religion, and high achievement are highly important(pg.213). In the case of Tony, a high school senior, he is trying to find himself, but his father is trying to create Tony be the creation, that he vision. Tony has different goals, from the goals that his father wishes upon him. I think counseling will help Tony and his father, because they need a third persons opinion. Having a third person opinion will help Tony become opened about his goals and beliefs on life. Tony’s teacher stated that Tony should think about college, but Italians believe in family interest before education(pg.213). Finally, the case of young teen, Sventlana Kosley, is reported by her mother. The young teen has began to express herself more, and may be struggling with the divorce of her parents. I think counseling would be beneficial for the teen and her mother.

What approach to counseling would I use in working with Tom, Ellen, Tony, and Svetlana? Each client would need a different approach, because they all have different intake on counselling, for example Tom’s family background has difficulty being opened with their emotions, and they consider family as counseling(pg.212). In order to help Tom, I have to understand his beliefs, and be patient while assisting him. I think Tom has developed a alter ego and stress. In the case of Ellen, I think family and marriage counseling will help tremendously. Although Ellen’s Jewish beliefs, is opened to counselling, her husband non Jewish background is ashamed of seeking counselling(pd.213) Tony and his father need to experience family counseling as well. Tony is a teendager that is tranfering to adulthood and he values the opinion of his father. Tony’s father beliefs has controlled Tony. I need to create a assessment, such as tony writing down his goals, and Tony writing down the goals that his father has for him, side by sided. Tony’s dad will complete a assessment as well, Tony’s dad will right down the goals he has for his on. The goals of Tony and his father would be compared. The assessment is easy and less opinionated. The assessment will allow Tony and his father to counsel each other versus I counsel them, I would provide guidance, because, Italians believe that problems should be kept in family and counseling may cause inter generational conflict(pg.213). In the case of young teen Svetlana, I agree with her mom decision to seek counseling. My first approach for Svetlana is to allow her to express herself. It is important to allow a individual to express their beliefs and not silence them.

What do I need to know about the European culture in order to help them? What are the cultural dimensions for these European Americans clients that might need to be considered? The ethics groups of White Americans all have different intake on counselling. Tom, Ellen, Tony, and Svetlana all have different understanding of counselling, Some of the client’s cultural backgrounds are totally against counseling, while some are for counseling. I think counseling is very beneficial, but because some of the ethnic groups do not believe in counseling their mental health may become affected. Some of the individuals rely on their family and religion, not counselling.

Response Two: Initially reading Tom, Ellen, and Tony’s cases I was able to identify their issues but was not sure as to the root of them. I felt that Tom’s issues were around his invisible entitlement when he felt that he was passed over for a promotion because he was not a minority. He felt that the promotion was given not based on merit. His independence and pride was challenged when he had to move in to his sister’s home following the separation from his wife. Ellen was experiencing parent-child relational problems with her mother. The imposition of her mother’s thoughts, opinion, and verbiage to her family was creating rifts in the house. She was also having issues with her work situation impacting her relationship and home life. Being gone often traveling for work has shifted the traditional role onto her husband doing more house and child work. He is not satisfied with this situation and it is impacting their relationship. Tony’s issue is surrounding his desire to not follow in the family business but rather pursue education, which is against his father’s wishes. After reading the chapter, I felt more comfortable understanding the differences among these three cases and why they were experiencing the issues they reported. Tom’s mental health was being challenged because he felt entitled to the promotion based on efforts and qualifications, which he thought he was superior on and the others were less than (McAuliffe & Associates, 2019, pg. 244). Additionally, his cultural values/beliefs of being an independent and self-sufficient man was impacting his mental health because he lost his ability to do just that following his separation. Ellen, being of Jewish decent and religion experiences a different culture system. Her mother’s permeable boundaries (McAuliffe & Associates, 2019, p. 249) are intrusive to her relationship with her husband. Another issue I realized was the gender role reversal that was taking place between her and her husband. When looking at Tony’s case after reading the chapter, I realized the significance of gender roles in his Italian family and the lack of value in education.

There were three distinct counseling approaches that I entertained after reading their cases and the issues they were facing. For Tom, I felt that cognitive behavioral approach would be of the most benefit to him. Empowering him to be aware when he is having any maladaptive thoughts and challenging them can improve his understanding of events in his life, like the promotions he was passed over for. After reading the chapter, I would not change the approach for Tom but I am more aware of the need to be patient because of his pride and guardedness (McAuliffe & Associates, 2019, p. 248). The gestalt approach, is what I thought could help Ellen with her issues. Specifically, integrating the empty chair technique (Corey, 2021, p. 215) in her sessions to allow her the safe space to practice her inevitable confrontation with her mother about boundaries. After reading the chapter, I would want to implement couples counseling as well. She and her husband need to be able to communicate better and work out the tension in order to restore order within their home (McAuliffe & Associates, 2019, p. 249). I instantly thought of person-centered approach for Tony, this is because I wanted him to be able to recognize what it is he really wants and needs in his life. Person-centered therapy offers strategies, techniques, and methods that can be applied to different ages, cultures, and abilities (Corey, 2021, p. 174). After reading the chapter, I would still implement the person-centered approach but would include a transition to an assertive training (McAuliffe & Associates, 2019, p. 249). It was made clear that this was needed so that he can approach his father about his desire to continue in education and not join the family business.

European American culture and history are dependent upon religious affiliations, immigration, socio-economic status, family structure, etc. There is much that contributes to an individual and need be aware of to effectively work with them. I was aware of the difference among the population but society still viewed white as white and all privileged. After reading the chapter, I understand the need to address their cultural beliefs and the impact it has on their success. There is plenty of struggle and strife experienced by differing European American descendants in America and learning about them will help me be a better and more approachable counselor.

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Fort Valley State University

Response One:

Cheryl is a Navajo woman in her mid-50s. She does not live on a reservation. She is a divorced, single mother to two children. She attended Indian boarding school until the age of 11. She has reintegrated into the Indian community in the recent years with her children being active as well. She is a recovering alcoholic with nine years of sobriety and states that her participation as a mentor in the local urban Indian center helps maintain her sobriety. She is currently experiencing grief with recent death of her mother and questioning what she should do next (McAuliffe, 2019, p. 187).

           As a counselor working with Cheryl, I would implore my active listening skills to initiate a trusting relationship. The first step would be to find out which tribe she comes and if she is directly affiliated with it (McAuliffe, 2019, p. 211). Additionally, working to show I am trustworthy I would focus on honoring her mental space and letting her lead the process without me trying o control or influence her (McAuliffe, 2019, p. 214). She is talkative and does not hesitate to share some things. Showing active listening with empathy with Cheryl, it is likely that she will continue to feel comfortable and open up more about her presenting problem(s). Based on the information at hand, I would want to address the death of her mother first. Knowing that she is a recovering alcoholic and that it is a lifelong battle, it is important to ensure she has the support and resources she needs to wade through the life changing event of her mother’s death. In an effort to be culturally responsive, I would want to get a better understanding of her beliefs about death. If she aligns with the Indian way of thinking that all are part of a spirit world, meaning that her mother’s spirit will still exist even though her body is gone (McAuliffe, 2019, p. 207). If this is a belief that she aligns with, then integrating this belief into the treatment plan can aid in her process of figuring out what is next. Cheryl appears, at first glance, to be bicultural in her acculturation. She is able to know and accept both the mainstream values and that of her traditional values/beliefs. This would impact the services provided because the level of acculturation can influence the “medicine” that would be of benefit to her. I differ from Cheryl, since I am aligned with the mainstream values. I would want to know as much as I could respectfully gather about her tribe and beliefs in order to build a trusting and effective working relationship. Since there is historic mistrust and abuse from the mainstream system there is a need for social justice and advocacy. Working to ensure the appreciation for diversity, openness to learning, and flexibility are important to enact when working with Cheryl.

Response Two: Rodney is a Seminole sixth grader who attends public school. Rodney has great ambition, but that soon changes, because he experience being bullied at school, for being overweight(pg.168). According to activity 8.2, how would I respond to Rodney’s case. How would you develop rapport with Rodney to provide effective therapeutic intervention, it is important for rehabilitation counselors to build a connection with their clients. To develop a rapport with Rodney, I would find a assignment for Rodney and I to complete, such as finding out our cultures similarities and differences. How might you include and draw upon Rodney’s as both a personal and cultural resource for him, Seminoles are known for wood cravings, bead work, fishing, farming, and hunting. I would include a list of cultural activities, so Rodney can select activities that he would enjoy, this activity will be a form of intervention and understanding, what is  Rodney’s likes and dislikes. Would you consider conducting a suicide assessment with Rodney, and if so, how might you go about doing that in a way that would be culturally responsive ? I would provide Rodney with a suicide assessment. The suicide assessment task is risk management and suicide prevention. I think Rodney’s parents should be included into his counseling sections, and family is very important in the Native american culture(pg.174). Rodney can do some cultural activities, such as fishing or farming, for suicide prevention and to release stress. How would you characterize Rodney’s cultural identity and level of acculturation at this point, and what could you do to help him develop a positive cultural identity that would help him meet his goals ?  Rodney’s suicide assessment can go along with developing cultural identity. Rodney can go fishing, do woodwork, beading, or farm. The intervention assignment will help Rodney determine what he will like to do, so he can develop a positive cultural identity. What would it mean to work from a social justice and advocacy perspective with Rodney? Rodney is a Seminole, but he is apart of the youth community. It is important to teach the youth to express their feelings and beliefs, although one of Seminoles beliefs is self discipline in body and mind(pg.187). 

    Native Americans has many strengths, but mental health is a issue. Native Americans leading cause of death and hospitalization is drinking, suicide, and homicides(pg.191) Counselling will be very beneficial for Rodney. Rodney expressed that he want to be the first our of his family to go to college, but only 52% of Native Americans finish high school(pg.192).Suicide rates for Native American adults and youth are higher than the national average, with suicide being the second leading cause of death for Native Americans from 10–34 years of age is(Brown-Rice, 2013). Seminoles cultural beliefs such as farming and being active can help asst Rodney’s weight issue.Rodney’s self esteem and mental state has to strengthen, so he can stay focused and achieve his goals.

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Fort Valley State University

Beginning with a substantial introduction to this section that states what will be covered in this study. A discussion of the problem is not in depth but should be significant. Include citations. Having established the problem,the solution can be similarly discussed using its most significant points with citations. These paragraphs will conclude with a clear statement of how your solution will impact grades, attendance,and school behavior.

SECTION I-Problem and Solution Statements

  1. Describe the problem and area of focus stating its significance for the school.

2. Describe your solution with literature demonstrating how it speaks to the problem.

3. Develop research questions stating them in English.

Revise and keep revising this part of your paper as your ideas, the data, and the literature informs your opinion and perspectiveBeginning with an introduction to this section that states what will be covered in the section, introduce the most general information about the topic and become more specific. If the topic were tutoring Black males, the first point of discussion might be the emphasis on school accountability with the ensuing pressure on students to perform. After contrasting the academic history of White and students of color, additional focus could be made on Black males. Once their under-performance is established, various interventions that have been tried could be overviewed including tutoring. Experiences and data with tutoring of Black males would set up the final topic describing the tutoring program used in your study.

SECTION II-Review of Literature

  1. Define the factors involved in your area of focus, e.g., the curriculum, school setting, student outcomes, and intervention strategies.

Define your terms. Research these topics and connect your research to them. Include issues that seemingly disagree with you and how you will address those issues.

  1. Describe the intervention or innovation to be implemented.

You can use an appendix to include the actual materials you will use, but you should be able to describe your process and what your materials actually do. Connect these ideas to data (#11) and tools (#11).3. Include information about programs that are the same or similar to yours.

4. Discuss the details of any instrument you are using or making connecting it to issues like validity, reliability, and appropriateness for your situation. Who has used this instrument or something like.

5. Discuss theoretical and research support for your research project. Include a section on the human growth and development issue(s) that are important in your study.


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