Hey I need a quick response for these two classmate.
Response One: This weeks discussion insisted that I imagine individuals, as my clients. Activity 9.1, asked what do I see as each of their issues? What approach to counseling would I use in working with each client? What do I think I need to know about European American cultures and history to work effectively with each of them? What are the cultural dimensions for theses European Clients, that might need to be considered? Before I read he backgrounds information on Tom, Ellen, Tony, and Svetiana, I automatically assumed that they were all experiencing cultural clashing. Before I began to judge the individuals, as a counselor, I think it would be best to identify their beliefs and understand them. After I identify each client beliefs, morals, or culture, I can approach their situation with understanding, and I can providing the proper help without being opinionated, but factual.
What do I see as each of their issues? Before I read the clients background information I automatically assumed that they were all experiencing cultural clashing. After I read each client background information, I observed that they are all experiencing issues with their parents, or their having parenting issues, because of their beliefs. In the case of Tom , Tom is up in age now. Toms experienced ill emotions, because he think that some untrained African Americans took a job that he is qualified for. I think Tom did not receive the job because, the other individuals may serve the business further in the future, and Tom is at the age of retirement. Tom marriage failure, staying with his sister, and job promotion failure, has caused stress and targeting Tom’s ego. In the case of Ellen, Ellen is feeling overwhelmed, and my first assumption was right, Ellen’s household is experiencing culture Clashing. Ellen’s mother cultural experience and beliefs are similar but different from each other, while Ellen’s husband beliefs are totally different according to,(Diamant, 2021), practicing Jews religion, and high achievement are highly important(pg.213). In the case of Tony, a high school senior, he is trying to find himself, but his father is trying to create Tony be the creation, that he vision. Tony has different goals, from the goals that his father wishes upon him. I think counseling will help Tony and his father, because they need a third persons opinion. Having a third person opinion will help Tony become opened about his goals and beliefs on life. Tony’s teacher stated that Tony should think about college, but Italians believe in family interest before education(pg.213). Finally, the case of young teen, Sventlana Kosley, is reported by her mother. The young teen has began to express herself more, and may be struggling with the divorce of her parents. I think counseling would be beneficial for the teen and her mother.
What approach to counseling would I use in working with Tom, Ellen, Tony, and Svetlana? Each client would need a different approach, because they all have different intake on counselling, for example Tom’s family background has difficulty being opened with their emotions, and they consider family as counseling(pg.212). In order to help Tom, I have to understand his beliefs, and be patient while assisting him. I think Tom has developed a alter ego and stress. In the case of Ellen, I think family and marriage counseling will help tremendously. Although Ellen’s Jewish beliefs, is opened to counselling, her husband non Jewish background is ashamed of seeking counselling(pd.213) Tony and his father need to experience family counseling as well. Tony is a teendager that is tranfering to adulthood and he values the opinion of his father. Tony’s father beliefs has controlled Tony. I need to create a assessment, such as tony writing down his goals, and Tony writing down the goals that his father has for him, side by sided. Tony’s dad will complete a assessment as well, Tony’s dad will right down the goals he has for his on. The goals of Tony and his father would be compared. The assessment is easy and less opinionated. The assessment will allow Tony and his father to counsel each other versus I counsel them, I would provide guidance, because, Italians believe that problems should be kept in family and counseling may cause inter generational conflict(pg.213). In the case of young teen Svetlana, I agree with her mom decision to seek counseling. My first approach for Svetlana is to allow her to express herself. It is important to allow a individual to express their beliefs and not silence them.
What do I need to know about the European culture in order to help them? What are the cultural dimensions for these European Americans clients that might need to be considered? The ethics groups of White Americans all have different intake on counselling. Tom, Ellen, Tony, and Svetlana all have different understanding of counselling, Some of the client’s cultural backgrounds are totally against counseling, while some are for counseling. I think counseling is very beneficial, but because some of the ethnic groups do not believe in counseling their mental health may become affected. Some of the individuals rely on their family and religion, not counselling.
Response Two: Initially reading Tom, Ellen, and Tony’s cases I was able to identify their issues but was not sure as to the root of them. I felt that Tom’s issues were around his invisible entitlement when he felt that he was passed over for a promotion because he was not a minority. He felt that the promotion was given not based on merit. His independence and pride was challenged when he had to move in to his sister’s home following the separation from his wife. Ellen was experiencing parent-child relational problems with her mother. The imposition of her mother’s thoughts, opinion, and verbiage to her family was creating rifts in the house. She was also having issues with her work situation impacting her relationship and home life. Being gone often traveling for work has shifted the traditional role onto her husband doing more house and child work. He is not satisfied with this situation and it is impacting their relationship. Tony’s issue is surrounding his desire to not follow in the family business but rather pursue education, which is against his father’s wishes. After reading the chapter, I felt more comfortable understanding the differences among these three cases and why they were experiencing the issues they reported. Tom’s mental health was being challenged because he felt entitled to the promotion based on efforts and qualifications, which he thought he was superior on and the others were less than (McAuliffe & Associates, 2019, pg. 244). Additionally, his cultural values/beliefs of being an independent and self-sufficient man was impacting his mental health because he lost his ability to do just that following his separation. Ellen, being of Jewish decent and religion experiences a different culture system. Her mother’s permeable boundaries (McAuliffe & Associates, 2019, p. 249) are intrusive to her relationship with her husband. Another issue I realized was the gender role reversal that was taking place between her and her husband. When looking at Tony’s case after reading the chapter, I realized the significance of gender roles in his Italian family and the lack of value in education.
There were three distinct counseling approaches that I entertained after reading their cases and the issues they were facing. For Tom, I felt that cognitive behavioral approach would be of the most benefit to him. Empowering him to be aware when he is having any maladaptive thoughts and challenging them can improve his understanding of events in his life, like the promotions he was passed over for. After reading the chapter, I would not change the approach for Tom but I am more aware of the need to be patient because of his pride and guardedness (McAuliffe & Associates, 2019, p. 248). The gestalt approach, is what I thought could help Ellen with her issues. Specifically, integrating the empty chair technique (Corey, 2021, p. 215) in her sessions to allow her the safe space to practice her inevitable confrontation with her mother about boundaries. After reading the chapter, I would want to implement couples counseling as well. She and her husband need to be able to communicate better and work out the tension in order to restore order within their home (McAuliffe & Associates, 2019, p. 249). I instantly thought of person-centered approach for Tony, this is because I wanted him to be able to recognize what it is he really wants and needs in his life. Person-centered therapy offers strategies, techniques, and methods that can be applied to different ages, cultures, and abilities (Corey, 2021, p. 174). After reading the chapter, I would still implement the person-centered approach but would include a transition to an assertive training (McAuliffe & Associates, 2019, p. 249). It was made clear that this was needed so that he can approach his father about his desire to continue in education and not join the family business.
European American culture and history are dependent upon religious affiliations, immigration, socio-economic status, family structure, etc. There is much that contributes to an individual and need be aware of to effectively work with them. I was aware of the difference among the population but society still viewed white as white and all privileged. After reading the chapter, I understand the need to address their cultural beliefs and the impact it has on their success. There is plenty of struggle and strife experienced by differing European American descendants in America and learning about them will help me be a better and more approachable counselor.