EVR2001 University of South Florida New York City Impact to the Environment Paper

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Running Head: NEW YORK CITY IMPACT TO THE ENVIRONMENT New York City Impact to the Environment Cheng Gong EVR 2001 11/02/2019 Introduction • Technology development and the use of various sources of energy has resulted in the increased reliance on the convenience brought up by technology as well as energy. • This has become unrestrained and spendthrift in the daily life. • Resource wastages and excessive use of it leads to damage to the environment. o This paper examines the New York city environment impact. Explanation of the city General description • New York City is the most populous city in the US with about 8. 4 million people as of 2018 distributed over an area covering about 302.6 square miles. • It is situated the southern part of the New York State, and at the central areas of the New York Metropolitan which is considered the largest the terms of urban landmass across the world. Information about the city, it’s resources, and infrastructure • New York has been described as cultural, financial and media capital for the US and the world at large. • The city exerts considerable impact on the various sectors including ecommerce, educations, arts and fashion, sports, technology, tourism, among others. • It is located in one of the largest natural harbors all over the world. • New York relies on natural gas, nuclear and hydroelectric generators as the main source of electricity representing about 90 percent since 2012; while the rest comes from nonhydroelectric renewable sources. • The network city has a complex infrastructural system including the largest global subway systems, aerial tramway, airport, extensive bus and taxi system. • Over 90 percent of New York City comes from Delaware watershed which is about 125 miles in the north and the rest from Croton watershed. • New York population has been increasing by about 4.6 percent since 2010 and has a high aging population and declining birth rate. • New York offers a recycling programs for the residences with the department of sanitation offering weekly pickup and recyclable material to the residents. Impact on the environment The city impacts to the environment • The city largest public transport in the US affect the environment along with mass-transit systems that accounts for over 12 percent in the emissions (Greenblatt & Shaheen, 2015). • Water is as key environmental issue in the city with it being affected by algal bloom toxins due to the gas emitted by vehicles. • There is a problem of wastage of household materials, construction debris, medical and industrial wastes, among others. Actions being taken Current method the city is using to improve or reduce environmental impact ✓ The city has established congestion pricing including quality and emission of Co2. ✓ Grey (2018) notes that this contributed to the air quality in the city with the reduction in the amount of pollutant released into the air by vehicles that idles in the traffic. ✓ New York is using Hybrid buses based on auto transit to help in reducing the emissions from the vehicles of the road. ✓ The city has established the Artificial Reef Program which involves dumping old railway cars as well as buses in the coastline to form a marine life in sparse areas. Impacts it may have on the city itself ✓ The use of mass transit system has resulted in congestion on the road. The high wastages Valid argument for whether the city should be doing more and a potential solution ▪ Lester (2018) observes that this city has established several mechanisms to ensure the reduction of environmental pollution but the transport system due to the mass-transit is still a challenge. ▪ The waste management is still not effective given that it does not reach to all the residents of the city. Conclusion Overall, New York City has made notable improvements but much need to done to reduce the impacts to the environment. References Greenblatt, J. B., & Shaheen, S. (2015). Automated vehicles, on-demand mobility, and environmental impacts. Current sustainable/renewable energy reports, 2(3), 74-81. Lester, J. (2018). Environmental Injustice In The US: Myths And Realities. Routledge. EVR2001: Introduction to Environmental Science Writing Project Invasive Species Guidelines GUIDELINES: • Choose one (1) invasive species (plant, animal, bacteria, etc.) to research. o National Invasive Species Information Center: http://www.invasivespecies.gov/ o Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health: http://www.invasive.org o Make sure it is INVASIVE ▪ Not just introduced (must be causing some sort of harm to non-native environment) ▪ Cannot be just a pest (Example: native rabbits or mosquitos) ▪ This is not a report on an endangered species. • Describe the invasive species in detail. • Provide background on the species and its native environment. • Describe the non-native ecosystem in which the invasive species is found. • Describe some techniques being used to manage the species. • Explicitly state whether more or less should be done to manage the species. o Support your position • Some questions to think about: o Where did the species originate? o What are some characteristics of your species? o Does it have any natural predators? o Where has the invasive species spread? o How was it introduced to the non-native environment? o What are the consequences/rewards of the invasive species inhabiting the new environment? o What kind of impacts has the invasive species had on the non-native ecosystem? o What effects has it had on other wildlife and the biodiversity of the ecosystem? Humans? The economy? RESEARCH PAPER RUBRIC: (130 points total) • Explain the species (20 points) o Physical description (5 points) o Background information about the invasive species (10 points) o Information about its native environment (5 points) • Issues surrounding the species (20 points) o How it was introduced (5 points) o What impact it has had on native species since introduction (10 points) o Role the species plays in the ecosystems to which it has been introduced (5 points) • Remedies (35 points) o At least one current method of eliminating the species is described (15 points) ▪ Including any positive or negative environmental impacts associated with it o Valid argument for why the species is or is not a great enough threat to prompt immediate (and potentially costly) action (20 points) ▪ Not an evaluation of whether you have chosen the ‘correct’ point of view ▪ Evaluation of how well you defend your position • • Citations & References (25 points) o In-text Citation (15 points) ▪ Citations formatted properly (3 points) o List of references/works cited (10 points) ▪ Formatted properly (3 points) Syntax & Organization (30 points) o Proper spelling & grammar (5 points) o Clear & concise thesis statement (5 points) ▪ Something simple like “This species is a problem because of X.” or “This paper looks at the effects species Y has caused on its introduced habitat.” o Paper flows smoothly from topic to topic (20 points) VIDEO/RECORDED LECTURE RUBRIC: (130 points total) • Explain the species (20 points) o Physical description (5 points) o Background information about the invasive species (10 points) o Information about its native environment (5 points) • Issues surrounding the species (20 points) o How it was introduced (5 points) o What impact it has had on native species since introduction (10 points) o Role the species plays in the ecosystems to which it has been introduced (5 points) • Remedies (35 points) o At least one current method of eliminating the species is described (15 points) ▪ Including any positive or negative environmental impacts associated with it o Valid argument for why the species is or is not a great enough threat to prompt immediate (and potentially costly) action (20 points) ▪ Not an evaluation of whether you have chosen the ‘correct’ point of view ▪ Evaluation of how well you defend your position • Citations & References (25 points) o In-text Citation (15 points) ▪ Citations formatted properly (3 points) o List of references/works cited (10 points) ▪ Formatted properly (3 points) • Presentation (30 points) o Proper spelling & grammar (5 points) o Clear speaking (10 points) o Appealing Presentation (15 points) EVR2001: Introduction to Environmental Science Writing Project City Environmental Impact Guidelines GUIDELINES: • Choose one (1) city to research. (Can be any city in the world) • General description of the city: o Population o Location o How big is it? (Area) o What type of environment is the city in (coastal, grassland, desert, etc.)? • How does the city get power/electricity? • How does the city get water? • Where does food come from? • What utilities are provided? • What is the main mode of transportation? • How quickly is its population growing? • How is trash & recycling managed? • Is there a composting program? • What is their main industry? (Fishing, farms, mining, etc.) • How is the city impacting the environment it’s in? • How could it be doing better? • Are there policies or services being provided to reduce the environmental impact? RESEARCH PAPER RUBRIC: (130 points total) • Explain the city (30 points) o General description (5 points) o Information about the city, it’s resources, and infrastructure (25 points) • Impact on the environment (20 points) o How is the city impacting the environment? (20 points) ▪ Include specific examples • Actions being taken (25 points) o At least one current method the city is using to improve or reduce environmental impact (10 points) ▪ Describe any impacts it may have on the city itself (traffic jams, water shortages, etc.) o Valid argument for whether the city should be doing more and a potential solution (15 points) ▪ Not an evaluation of whether you have chosen the ‘correct’ point of view ▪ Evaluation of how well you defend your position • Citations & References (25 points) o In-text Citation (15 points) ▪ Citations formatted properly (3 points) o List of references/works cited (10 points) ▪ Formatted properly (3 points) • Syntax & Organization (30 points) o Proper spelling & grammar (5 points) o Clear & concise thesis statement (5 points) ▪ Something simple like “This species is a problem because of X.” or “This paper looks at the effects species Y has caused on its introduced habitat.” o Paper flows smoothly from topic to topic (20 points) VIDEO/RECORDED LECTURE RUBRIC: (130 points total) • Explain the city (30 points) o General description (5 points) o Information about the city, it’s resources, and infrastructure (25 points) • Impact on the environment (20 points) o How is the city impacting the environment? (20 points) ▪ Include specific examples • Actions being taken (25 points) o At least one current method the city is using to improve or reduce environmental impact (10 points) ▪ Describe any impacts it may have on the city itself (traffic jams, water shortages, etc.) o Valid argument for whether the city should be doing more and a potential solution (15 points) ▪ Not an evaluation of whether you have chosen the ‘correct’ point of view ▪ Evaluation of how well you defend your position • Citations & References (25 points) o In-text Citation (15 points) ▪ Citations formatted properly (3 points) o List of references/works cited (10 points) ▪ Formatted properly (3 points) • Presentation (30 points) o Proper spelling & grammar (5 points) o Clear speaking (10 points) o Appealing Presentation (15 points) EVR2001: Introduction to Environmental Science Writing Project General Guidelines Understanding how humans have impacted and are impacted by changes in our environment is crucial to planning for the future on Earth. This project has you investigating some of those impacts by investigating a city or invasive species. PROJECT TOPICS: • Environmental Impact of a city (your choice of city) • Invasive Species (your choice of invasive species) TOPIC DUE: By 11:59PM on September 19, 2019 [5 points] OUTLINE, CITATIONS, & REFERENCES DUE: By 11:59PM on November 5, 2019 [15 points] FULL PROJECT DUE: By 11:59 p.m. on November 26, 2019 [130 points] TOPIC CHOICE INSTRUCTIONS: • Choose from the above options and decide what specific city or invasive species you will be researching. • Submit choices through the Canvas quiz online OUTLINE, CITATIONS, & REFERENCES INSTRUCTIONS: • Submit a text document (.doc, .docx, or .pdf) with the following to Canvas: o An outline of how the information in your project will flow [5 points] ▪ This can represent how it will be discussed in the video or the structure of your paper ▪ You can use bullet points (similar to this project instructions document) o That outline must also have information you have collected from sources about your topic o Information in your outline should have in-text citations to indicate where the information came from [5 points] o There should be a list of references at the end for all sources you have found & used so far [5 points] FINAL PROJECT INSTRUCTIONS: • Submit all final project documents to Canvas. Research Paper • 5-7 full pages (Not including References section or images) o 4 ¾ pages will not meet length requirement • APA format o Do not include Author note, abstract, or section titles (except for References) • Times New Roman font • Double-spaced • 1-inch margins • 12-point font • No quotations allowed • Indent each paragraph • Title page with your name & title of paper • No heading on first page of text • No extra spacing between paragraphs • .doc, .docx, or .pdf format • Paper written as a research paper and not a series of short-answer questions • Will only accept submissions to Canvas/Turnitin o Will not accept writing projects sent to me through email or Canvas message attachments • • Must work alone Images can be included at the end of your paper, before references, but will not be counted toward the length requirement • You will lose 15 points for every ½ page below or over the page limit in addition to content & format grading o If you address every point fairly well, but turn in a 4-page paper (not including images and References), you will get 100/130 o If you address every point fairly well, but turn in a 4 ¾-page paper (not including images and References), you will get 115/130 o If you address every point fairly well, but turn in an 8-page paper (not including images and References), you will get 100/130 o If you address every point fairly well, but turn in a 7 ¼-page paper (not including images and References), you will get 115/130 o If you address every point fairly well, but turn in a 4 ¼-page paper (not including images and References), you will get 115/130 Video/Recorded Lecture • Record a video (7-10 minutes long) o Can be giving a lecture o Can be a general video • Must include a transcript of text using the formatting guidelines from the research paper above to be submitted through Canvas as a .doc, .docx, or .pdf file. o This includes spoken script and any text used in video. o Does not need to be 5-7 pages o Transcript includes in-text citations and list of references • You can work in pairs, but both of you must be fairly equally featured in the video. • You will lose 15 points for every minute below or over the time limit in addition to content & format grading o If you address every point fairly well, but turn in a 5-minute video, you will get 100/130 o If you address every point fairly well, but turn in a 6.5-minute video, you will get 115/130 o If you address every point fairly well, but turn in a 10.5-minute video, you will get 115/130 o If you address every point fairly well, but turn in an 11-minute video, you will get 115/130 REFERENCES/CITATIONS: • All projects must use in-text citations and a “References” page • Include a “References” page (starts on a new page after your last page of text) o Must have at least 4 non-Wikipedia sources o Does not count towards page count. o 1 of your sources must be a source that states your species is invasive, or the official city website (if available) ▪ Examples: http://www.invasive.org, or https://www.buffalony.gov • Use in-text citations for any information obtained from sources o Use Author-Date citations (APA) SUBMISSION & NOTES: • Research Paper o Submit full paper to Canvas through Turnitin as .doc, .docx, or as .pdf only • Video/Recorded Lecture o Submit full transcript with References and in-text citations to Canvas through Turnitin as .doc, .docx, or as .pdf only o Videos can be submitted 2 ways: ▪ Through YouTube: include link to video in transcript ▪ • • • File submission: submit video files through Canvas Late submissions receive -50 points per day after deadline o Technical difficulties or problems with Canvas are no excuse for not turning in writing projects on time. 2 points will be deducted for every % your paper’s similarity score is above 20% o Example: Similarity score is 40%, you will receive -40 points o Similarity scores above 40% will be given a 0 and reported to the academic integrity office 5 points will be deducted for every quotation used. USEFUL WEBSITES: • Guide to writing a research paper o http://www.aresearchguide.com/1steps.html • In-Text Citations & References o https://www.mendeley.com/guides/apa-citation-guide o https://www.apastyle.org/learn/faqs/web-page-no-author o http://www.bibme.org/citation-guide/apa/ • Generating References/References o http://www.citationmachine.net/apa/cite-a-website • Writing Help (USF Writing Center) o https://www.lib.usf.edu/writing/ • Purdue Writing Center (APA) o https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/ge neral_format.html o https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/ap a_sample_paper.html • How to write information in your own words (avoid plagiarism) o https://writing.wisc.edu/handbook/assignments/quotingsources/ • Turnitin Guidelines o https://guides.turnitin.com/03_Integrations/Turnitin_Partner_Integrations/Canvas/Turnitin_LTI _1.0/Student/03_Submitting_a_Paper o https://guides.turnitin.com/01_Manuals_and_Guides/Student_Guides/Turnitin_Classic_(Deprecat ed)/09_Submitting_a_Paper …
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