electroconvulsive therapy

1. Dr. Cranberry suspects that her client is selectively failing to recall an event that must, by all evidence, be stored in his memory. If the therapist turns out to be correct in this assessment, she’ll identify the disorder as dissociative A. fugue. B. amnesia. C. repression. D. identity disorder. 2. Xenophobia is to fear of strangers as claustrophobia is to fear of A. enclosed spaces. B. closure. C. heights. D. social situations. 3. Which of the following statements regarding electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is true? A. Side-effects may include memory loss that lasts for years. B. Disorientation and confusion always accompany ECT therapy. C. It isn’t known why ECT works when it does work. D. Depression doesn’t return after ECT treatments have been concluded. 4. Which of the following statements about autism is correct? A. Verbal communication is impaired, while nonverbal expression is normal. B. Autistic children seek out social contact. C. About one in every 1,500 children will develop symptoms of autism. D. It usually appears within the first three years of life. 5. Why is psychosurgery rarely used today? A. It has been banned by law B. The drastic side effects C. Delicate brain surgery is too difficult D. We do not know enough about the workings of the brain 6. Which therapeutic approach does not require the presence of a psychological professional? A. Interpersonal therapy B. Family therapy C. Self-help therapy D. Humanistic therapy 7. Regarding possible environmental causes of schizophrenia, the concept of expressed emotion refers to an interactive style characterized by A. withdrawal and isolation. B. hostility, criticism, and intrusiveness. C. obsessive perfectionism. D. practical jokes. 8. A therapist determined that Alice depends on relationships with others to find some shaky ground for her self-identity. In this context, Alice has always been devastated by rejection of any kind. Alice is most likely to be diagnosed as suffering from a/an A. narcissistic personality disorder. B. borderline personality disorder. C. antisocial personality disorder. D. sociopathic personality. 9. For the psychologist, abnormal behavior can be thought of as expressing distress of some kind that obstructs one’s ability to function. Because this is such a broad definition, it’s best to think of the range of behaviors from normal to abnormal as A. lying along a continuum. B. entirely dependent on diagnostic assumptions. C. observable patterns. D. statistical variations. 10. Lois and Lang are in a heated discussion over the effectiveness of psychotherapy. Lois maintains that psychotherapy works for most people. Lang argues that it doesn’t work for everyone. Who is correct? A. Both Lois and Lang are correct. B. Lois is correct. C. Neither Lois nor Lang is correct. D. Lang is correct. 11. The _______ perspective on psychological disorders has been criticized for relying on unscientific and nonverifiable information. A. sociocultural B. humanistic C. cognitive D. behavioral 12. In the context of a therapeutic program, you regularly take a drug that causes you to get violently ill whenever you drink alcohol. Among behavioral approaches to therapy, this would best be called A. negative reinforcement. B. contingent conditioning. C. aversive conditioning. D. systematic desensitization. 13. In psychodynamic therapy, a primary focus is on penetrating the client’s A. defense mechanisms. B. unconscious hostility. C. apathy. D. expectations. 14. _______ drugs focus on efforts to change the concentration of neurotransmitters in the brain. For example, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors concentrate serotonin in synapses between neurons. A. Mood stabilizer B. Antipsychotic C. Antidepressant D. Anti-anxiety 15. How is a panic disorder different from a phobia? A. Phobias are more severe. B. Panic disorders do not have any identifiable stimuli. C. Phobias do not have any identifiable stimuli. D. Panic disorders are more severe. 16. After Darryl spends some time watching a boy his age happily playing with a dog, Darryl begins to lose his fear of dogs. Which approach to psychotherapy is best illustrated in this scenario? A. Cognitive-behavioral B. Operant conditioning C. Rational-Emotive D. Dialectical behavior therapy 17. Which of the following statements about the cultural effect on the prevalence anorexia nervosa is true? A. Anorexia nervosa appears in Asian populations with the greatest amount of western influence. B. Anorexia nervosa is rare in western culture. C. Anorexia nervosa is experiences equally in all cultures. D. Anorexia nervosa never appears in Asian culture. 18. A reference work developed by the American Psychiatric Association is referred to as DSM-IV-TR. In that acronym, S stands for A. Symposium B. Statistical C. Standardized D. Standard 19. Which of the following statements regarding the DSM-IV-TR is most accurate? A. Critics agree that the DSM-IV-TR system of classification has successfully increased the reliability of diagnoses without necessarily increasing their validity. B. The DSM-IV-TR offers therapists a firm foundation for estimating the degree to which a given individual is afflicted with a specified disorder. C. Critics of DSM-IV-TR argue that the classification system overemphasizes physiological factors associated with specified disorders. D. The DSM-IV-TR offers therapists a means of determining causal factors underlying a specific psychological disorder. 20. Among somatoform disorders, hypochondriasis is to obsessive concern about one’s health as a/an _______ disorder is to marked physical symptoms with no identifiable physiological cause. A. obsessive B. hysterical C. conversion D. dissociative