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I need an explanation for this Management question to help me study.

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Person 1 post ( amrit)

The literature review paper attempted to answer the research question “What are the roles of project manager in the success of project management?” through available resources. In fact, there are plenty of research and studies carried out in terms of finding out the role of project managers with various approaches. The primary role of project manager includes planning, executing, monitoring, controlling, and closing projects. In short, project managers are responsible for entire success or failure of project including project scope, project team, resources (Alexander, 2019).

Even though the roles and responsibilities of a project manager vary according to industry and project type, broadly, a project manager refers to a person who leads projects in a company by performing activities that includes bringing clarity to the scope of work, educating employees regarding essential to the project, managing timelines and budgets (Kendrick, 2019). For this literature review paper, project managers roles are classified into management role, communication role, planning role and leadership role. Moreover, the role of a project manager is not to perform all the activities of the project but to generate the favorable conditions to the members so that the team can carry their duties (Project Management for Development Organizations, 2018). Moreover, project manager does not put extreme pressure on the team members neither emboss authority which ultimately hampers the quality of the work. On the contrary, role of project manager is to establish clear objectives, and communicate it to the team members elaborately, and motivate members to reach their full potential (Anantatmula, 2010). Normally, in project management, project managers are taught that technical aspects such as goal setting, work breakdown structure, critical path analysis, resource allocation and risk management are considered very essential for the success of the project. However, often many time, project’s success depends on the proper knowledge related to human and management issues, rather than technical issues (Cowie, 2003). In today’s ever-changing business world, to become an effective project manager requires a strong mix of skills and competencies. Therefore, project managers can be effective if they are able to require the correct combination of skills and competencies. Nowadays, the most crucial roles of a project manager are planning, implementing the plan, managing stakeholders and delivering the objectives (Blaskovics, 2016). Various scholars indicated that the main role of the project manager to achieve success on projects (Anantatmula, 2010) ( Harvard Business Review Staff, 2016) (Zein, 2010) (Shibani & Sukumar, 2015).

Person 2 Post: Jenisma

Literature Review Summary

My article was based on Developing a schedule and how important it is to understand the significance of Project scheduling and to identify some of the challenges that might arise when a project manager is handling too many projects or when a clear and well-defined timeline is not set. The project schedule is the tool that communicates what work needs to be performed, the kind of resources that will be used, and the time frame within which that the project needs to be completed. It should include all the work associated with delivering the project on time.

According to the PMBOK guide, Project Scheduling is a process of analyzing activity sequences, durations, resource requirements, and schedule constraints to create a schedule model for project execution and monitoring and controlling (PMI, 2017). If there is no schedule, then the project manager will have a difficult time communicating the final output of the work (Weglarz, 2012). Before starting a project, some questions need to be answered such as “what needs to be done?”, “when will it be done?”, and “who will do it?”. After answering these questions, the project manager can move ahead with planning for setting the duration, goals and allocating resources.

What I have learned from this paper is how important project scheduling is. Without it, it is impossible to finish the project in a stipulated timeline. The ineffective project schedule will hurt the project timeline eventually wasting money and time which leads to project delay and failure. Fuzzy timelines can hamper the entire course of not just one project but other projects running simultaneously.

My paper included articles related to fuzzy resource constraints and how without some tools and techniques the project will become fuzzy and won’t be completed on time.

The results of studies done among project managers make us aware of the difference between practices and the state of development of project scheduling theory. Projects are vulnerable to time and budget issues. If there is not enough planning and control, that could determine whether a project is escalated and non-escalated projects. Studies have found that managers need knowledge for project planning basically for communication. Also, managers who use software usually have less knowledge of the tool and managing the project as well. In summary, it can be said that by putting a focus on the most important task of the project and by prioritizing the task, a project can be completed on its due date. It is also important to note the value of slack time which helps the manager to stay on schedule. It helps the manager to become flexible and delay some activities if necessary. They can also opt for a crash time which allows managers to shrink the due date by maybe adding more workers so that it can be completed in less time. In addition, an effective project manager uses different management tools to manage time more productively.

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