çrisis intervention

REQ: APA style 7th ed, 3 paragraph per question (3-4 sentences per paragraph) 500 words (250 per question) 3 references per question including the textbook James, R. K., & Gilliland, B. E. (2017). Crisis intervention strategies (8th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Q1. Consider the hurricane Andrew or Katrina, then put yourself in the role of the Local Emergency Management Agency Coordinator and answer the following questions.

1.What helpful or positive role can the local media play in helping to resolve the crisis? How does one facilitate that to happen?

2.What kind of training, education, and experience do you believe should be required to be an effective and competent manager of a crisis such as the scenario one described above?

3.Given a natural disaster such as is contained in this scenario, how do you go about coordinating and communicating an effective response?

Q2. What leads to burnout?

Think of an organization where you have worked. If you have not yet worked in the human services field, any organization will do, even a fast-food or convenience store. Take a piece of paper and jot down some responses to the following questions. Write your responses not as gripes, but as specific behaviors and identifiable concrete problems that occurred there. As an example, instead of writing “The shift supervisor was a louse,” write “The shift supervisor never gave specific instructions on clean-up procedures as to who was to do what, and when. As a result, there was a lot of confusion, and we often flunked health inspection.” Write these down as quickly as you can. Now think about and respond to the following questions.

  1. What observable stress did you see in fellow workers because of a problem?
  2. What stress responses did you have behaviorally, cognitively, and affectively?
  3. What do you think would have happened if management would have brought in an
  4. outside consultant to deal with the workers and the organization?
  5. What stumbling blocks might there have been?
  6. Picture yourself as the outside consultant. How might you have handled these issues.

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Crisis Intervention

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Triage Assessment Form: Crisis Intervention

© by R. A. Myer, R. C. Williams, A. J. Ottens, & A. E. Schmidt

Crisis Event

Identify and describe briefly the crisis situation:

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Affective Domain

Identify and describe briefly the affect that is present. (If more than one affect is experienced, rate with number 1 being primary, number 2 secondary, number 3 tertiary.)

Anger/Hostility ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Anxiety/Fear ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Sadness/Melancholy ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Affective Severity Scale

Highlight the number that most closely corresponds with client’s reaction to crisis.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
No Impairment Minimal Impairment Low Impairment Moderate Impairment Marked Impairment Severe Impairment
Stable mood with normal variation of affect appropriate to daily functioning. Affect appropriate to situation. Brief periods during which negative mood is experienced slightly more intensely than situation warrants. Emotions are substantially under client control. Affect appropriate to situation but increasingly longer periods during which negative mood is experienced slightly more intensely than situation warrants. Client perceives emotions as being substantially under control. Affect may be incongruent with situation. Extended periods of intense negative moods. Mood is experienced noticeably more intensely than situation warrants. Liability of affect may be present. Effort required to control emotions. Negative affect experienced at markedly higher level than situation warrants. Affects may be obviously incongruent with situation. Mood swings, if occurring, are pronounced. Onset of negative moods are perceived by client as not being under volitional control. Decompensation or depersonalization evident.

Behavioral Domain

Identify and describe briefly which behavior is currently being used. (If more than one behavior is used, rate with number 1 being primary, number 2 secondary, number 3 tertiary.)

Approach ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Avoidance ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Immobility ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Behavioral Severity Scale

Highlight the number that most closely corresponds with client’s reaction to crisis.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
No Impairment Minimal Impairment Low Impairment Moderate Impairment Marked Impairment Severe Impairment
Coping behavior appropriate to crisis event. Client performs those tasks necessary for daily functioning. Occasional use of ineffective coping behaviors. Client performs those tasks necessary for daily functioning, but does so with noticeable effort. Occasional use of ineffective coping behaviors. Client neglects some tasks necessary for daily functioning. Client displays coping behaviors that may be ineffective and maladaptive. Ability to perform tasks necessary for daily functioning is noticeably compromised. Client displays coping behaviors that are likely to exacerbate crisis situation. Ability to perform tasks necessary for daily functioning is markedly absent. Behavior is erratic, unpredictable. Client’s behaviors are harmful to self and/or others.

Cognitive Domain

Identify whether a transgression, threat, or loss has occurred in the following areas and describe briefly. (If more than one cognitive response occurs, rate with number 1 being primary, number 2 secondary, number 3 tertiary.)

PHYSICAL (food, water, safety, shelter, et cetera):

Transgression _____ Threat _____ Loss _____

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PSYCHOLOGICAL (self-concept, emotional well-being, identity):

Transgression _____ Threat _____ Loss _____

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS (family, friends, coworkers, et cetera):

Transgression _____ Threat _____ Loss _____

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

MORAL/SPIRITUAL (personal integrity, values, beliefs):

Transgression _____ Threat _____ Loss _____

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Cognitive Severity Scale

Highlight the number that most closely corresponds with client’s reaction to crisis.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
No Impairment Minimal Impairment Low Impairment Moderate Impairment Marked Impairment Severe Impairment
Concentration intact. Client displays normal problem-solving and decision-making abilities. Client’s perception and interpretation of crisis event match reality of situation. Client’s thoughts may drift to crisis event but focus of thoughts is under volitional control. Problem-solving and decision-making abilities minimally affected. Client’s perception and interpretation of crisis event substantially match reality of situation. Occasional disturbance of concentration. Client perceives diminished control over thoughts of crisis event. Client experiences recurrent difficulties with problem-solving and decision-making abilities. Client’s perception and interpretation of crisis event may differ in some respects from reality of situation. Frequent disturbance of concentration. Intrusive thoughts of crisis event with limited control. Problem-solving and decision-making abilities adversely affected by obsessiveness, self-doubt, confusion. Client’s perception and interpretation of crisis event may differ noticeably from reality of situation. Client plagued by intrusiveness of thoughts regarding crisis event. The appropriateness of client’s problem-solving and decision-making abilities likely adversely affected by obsessiveness, self-doubt, confusion. Client’s perception and interpretation of crisis event may differ substantially from reality of situation. Gross inability to concentrate on anything except crisis event. Client so afflicted by obsessiveness, self-doubt, and confusion that problem-solving and decision-making abilities have “shut down.” Client’s perception and interpretation of crisis event may differ so substantially from reality of situation as to constitute threat to client’s welfare.

Domain Severity Scale Summary

Affective _____ Cognitive _____ Behavioral _____ = Total _____

1

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