California Miramar University

want someone to rewrite these papers in new different words so I don’t get detected or get a plagiarism

2 pages

ozier Industries (A) & (B)With the results of going international, Dozier Industries faces multiple problems regard-ing the loss of potential revenue from currency risk. In order to help minimize risk, Rothschild the CFO was advised to take an option hedged action. This will minimize risk involved with the payout in the foreign currency. Currently Dozier’s new project will bring in 1,175,000Pounds which must be converted into U.S. dollars. This money will be paid in installments and the first installment of 10% of the contract 117,500Pounds was paid upfront. The second installment will not be paid until after the project it compete. Inflation in the dollar/pound has severe implicationsfor the profit of the project. Dozier now has two different options to choose from in order to min-imize risk/loss. The first would be to an option hedge and the second would be a forward hedge.The option hedge can be decided between a put option or a call option. Both will start with the purchase of 84 option contracts adding up to around 1,050,000Pounds. This would leaveonly 7,500 fully exposed to the exchange rate volatility. The put option will begin differently from the call option and will start with taking a put option contract, by then selling these options for $1.45/Pounds and of course adding a premium. With the put contract, Dozier is anticipating the falling of the British Pound. If the Pound does fall, Dozier will have successfully hedged compared to if the Pound was to increase, then Dozier will realist in a loss and the hedging would of been pointless. As for the Call Option, this would essentially be the opposite of the put contract and you would be buying options at a set amount and Dozier would be relying on the British Pound to increase. However if it doesn’t and depreciates then Dozier will loss more
money then good. After looking at the trends throughout the exchange rates, the trends suggest the Pound could continue to appreciate which would recommend Dozier to take a call option.The future hedge or contract will result in the creating of a 90day forward contract to sell Pounds at the forward rate of $1.4198/Pounds. This strategy however has more losses compared to the options method but can return a larger profit as well. Dozier should consider this future contract only ifDozier fears that doing nothing with their current current will result in a loss.The profit is calculated by adding the total receivable at the forward rate and the future value of the 10% deposit on the contract received. This may result in a small advantage but will do the job of protecting Dozier’s money.The final decision should fall onto the analysis of Dozier’s current situation and future path of the $/Pound currency rates. Looking into the future rates we can see that it would be the smartest move to engage in a forward contract. This could lead Dozier into a complete major lossof profit but ensures a positive profit margin in the end.

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California Miramar University

want someone to rewrite these papers in new different words so I don’t get detected or get a plagiarism

I have two different ones each are 2 pages and I want each of them in a individual documents

1- Dozier Industries (A) & (B)

With the results of going international, Dozier Industries faces multiple problems regard-ing the loss of potential revenue from currency risk. In order to help minimize risk, Rothschild the CFO was advised to take an option hedged action. This will minimize risk involved with the payout in the foreign currency. Currently Dozier’s new project will bring in 1,175,000Pounds which must be converted into U.S. dollars. This money will be paid in installments and the first installment of 10% of the contract 117,500Pounds was paid upfront. The second installment will not be paid until after the project it compete. Inflation in the dollar/pound has severe implicationsfor the profit of the project. Dozier now has two different options to choose from in order to min-imize risk/loss. The first would be to an option hedge and the second would be a forward hedge.The option hedge can be decided between a put option or a call option. Both will start with the purchase of 84 option contracts adding up to around 1,050,000Pounds. This would leaveonly 7,500 fully exposed to the exchange rate volatility. The put option will begin differently from the call option and will start with taking a put option contract, by then selling these options for $1.45/Pounds and of course adding a premium. With the put contract, Dozier is anticipating the falling of the British Pound. If the Pound does fall, Dozier will have successfully hedged compared to if the Pound was to increase, then Dozier will realist in a loss and the hedging would of been pointless. As for the Call Option, this would essentially be the opposite of the put contract and you would be buying options at a set amount and Dozier would be relying on the British Pound to increase. However if it doesn’t and depreciates then Dozier will loss more
money then good. After looking at the trends throughout the exchange rates, the trends suggest the Pound could continue to appreciate which would recommend Dozier to take a call option.The future hedge or contract will result in the creating of a 90day forward contract to sell Pounds at the forward rate of $1.4198/Pounds. This strategy however has more losses compared to the options method but can return a larger profit as well. Dozier should consider this future contract only ifDozier fears that doing nothing with their current current will result in a loss.The profit is calculated by adding the total receivable at the forward rate and the future value of the 10% deposit on the contract received. This may result in a small advantage but will do the job of protecting Dozier’s money.The final decision should fall onto the analysis of Dozier’s current situation and future path of the $/Pound currency rates. Looking into the future rates we can see that it would be the smartest move to engage in a forward contract. This could lead Dozier into a complete major lossof profit but ensures a positive profit margin in the end.

2- Bidding for Hertz

: Leveraged Buyout Strategy PaperCarlyle Group and its partners need to make a decision about the final terms of abid to purchase the Hertz Corporation. Hertz Corporation is exclusively owned by theFord Motor Company. Hertz was up for sale in June 2005 and in order to initiate“consideration of strategic alternatives” Ford entered a dual­track process. This meansthey needed to pursue an initial public offering and a private auction simultaneously. Theadvantage to the Ford Motor Company entering a dual­track process would affect thebidding process. The price obtained by the seller can be maximized due to competitivepressure of a viable IPO process that can push bidders to put more money on the table. Itcan also give the seller substantial negotiating leverage over deal terms in a private sale.It allows a seller to keep its options open until it becomes clear which route will yield thehighest value, thus preserving flexibility and hedging against deal uncertainty; while adual-track approach magnifies the cost, complexity and management distraction inherentin any sale process, it may also enjoy useful synergies by providing to a seller acomparable information about value of the selling company. The seller can judge aboutfair ask price of its company based on due diligence of bidders.The Bidding Groupprepared pro forma projections. Strong, predictable operating cash flows with which theleveraged company can service and pay down acquisition debt, and a clean balance sheetwith relatively little debt should be considered by the Bidding Group so that they canmake a potential LBO candidate an ideal target.
Considering some of the criteria listed above we can say that Hertz is not an idealcandidate for an LBO. Its financial leverage is approximately 62% (pre-LBO), CAPEXare relatively high, management practice hands-off management style etc. But the group’sconsultants believed it to be an attractive LBO candidate. The most important factor forthe group is opportunity of enhancing the value of the acquired business by potentialexpansion, restructuring and operational improvement.First of all, the group assessed the value-creating opportunities by operationalimprovements by decreasing expenses. The second step was assessing the financialvalue-creating opportunities. As part of LBO financing, the group was considering usingdebt that could be backed by Hertz’s fleet (asset backed securities), which by contrastwith unsecured financing is less expensive. Also the potential source of financial valuewas the separation of Hertz two business segments in 2 legal entities RAC and HERC inorder to generate more liquidity. Another reason for separation is that ABS financingmight facilitate separate disposal of the Hertz properties. The valuation of Hertz was donewith consideration of separation in 2 entities. I calculated the future enterprise value bythe end of 2010 using projected balance sheet, cash flow statement, income statement andEnterprise Value/LTM peer multiple. The calculation of the future enterprise value wasmade under very important assumption that peer’s multiple would be the same after 5years and projected financial data are accurate. My analysis revealed that Return on $2.3billion investment in equity will result in annual compound return rate of 21,12%. IfCarlyle desires a 20% target rate of return on its equity investment, my analysis suggeststhat Carlyle can pay in total $2409 million for the Hertz.

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California Miramar University

This assignment needs to be between 11 to 12 pages.

1. The Literature Review:

For most research projects, the process of reviewing the literature and starting to draft your review will be an early activity. Despite this early start, it is usually necessary to continue refining your review throughout your project’s life. The process can be likened to an upward spiral, culminating in the finished product, a written critical literature review of the literature. Once you have a good knowledge of the literature sources available then you could start composing your initial draft of your paper. The literature sources you are likely to make the most use of are often referred to as:

  • secondary literature sources, these being formally published items such as journals and books;
  • grey (or primary) literature sources, these being items produced by all levels of government, academics, business, and industry in print and electronic formats, but which are not controlled by commercial publishers; including materials such as reports and conference proceedings.

LIRN has a wide range of business and management literature sources that can be accessed easily. Make sure to plan your literature search appropriately. It is important that you plan this search carefully to ensure that you locate relevant and up-to-date literature. This will enable you to establish what research has previously been published in your area and to relate your own research to it. All our students have found their literature search a time-consuming process, which takes far longer than expected. Fortunately, time spent planning will be repaid in time saved when searching for relevant literature. As you start to plan your search, you need to beware of information overload! One of the easiest ways to avoid this is to start the main search for your critical review with the clearly defined research question(s), objectives, and your research justification.

2. Research Approach:

Your research approach has to be clear and concise before attempting to perform your search for data and supporting documents. Your research could be one of the followings:

  1. Qualitative Research Paper
  2. Quantitative Research Paper
  3. Mixed methods Research Paper
  4. Systematic Literature Review

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California Miramar University

One of the Supply Chain Management (SCM) technologies is 3D printing.  Would you agree that 3D printing is disruptive technology?  Why or why not?  Name and briefly describe another disruptive technology (you may use a “historical,” i.e., past, example) that, in your opinion, has had as significant an impact.  Do NOT use examples from the textbook.

PROFESSOR’S GUIDANCE FOR THIS WEEK’S LE:

3D printing, also known as additive manufacturing, is an alternative production technology that allows for a layer-by-layer creation of more durable, stronger, and lighter objects.

“You may have heard about the benefits of 3D printing – the freedom of designs, the lack of tools required, the just-in-time inventory, and so on. To the engineers of today, the list of advantages is endless – it’s a revolution for companies, across all industries,” explains Joe Hughes, tech expert at Writinity and Last Minute Writing.

With all of the benefits of 3D printing, you’d think it would be as commonplace as Wi-Fi in today’s world – but that’s actually not the case. Many companies are struggling to find ways to incorporate 3D technology printing into their product development and manufacturing operations – a bare 2% of the manufacturing market is made up of 3D printing, according to a 2014 report.

However, this is all set to change. The global 3D printing market is set to reach $21 billion by 2020, quadrupling in size. It’s useful then, to understand that despite the challenges faced by businesses wanting to use 3D printing, there are many benefits to 3D printing – the freedom to design what they want, easy prototyping, customization and streamlined logistics. The challenges presented by 3D printing should be understood by manufacturing leaders, in order to overcome them.

by Hanan Irsheid

A 3D printer can make an actual thing, whether it’s at home or through a plastic injection molding company. Houses, bodily parts, buttons, and everything in between are examples of these objects.

So, why is 3D printing disruptive rather than just a fantastic new technique to make stuff? Let’s take a look at the long history of manufacturing to see what I mean. Scraping things was the most remarkable and most disruptive form of manufacturing 100,000 years ago. Our forefathers rubbed rocks against one other until they were sharp enough to use as a tool or weapon. After generations of scraping, the tools had evolved to the point where they could carve. This new and remarkable mode of production proceeded until they were able to start molding and firing items with rudimentary potter’s wheels. Then, it led to forging, which allowed them to melt metal and make incredible tools and weapons for their time. After that, it led to advancements in heat and metallurgy, which led to the development of casting, which allowed us to make a mold and pour metal into it, resulting in repeatable production. Then, this led to the use of stamping machines, which were powerful enough to stamp out metal objects such as keys.

This milestone paved the way for injection molding and a slew of other modern innovations, like machining, which allowed us to make more precise instruments. We were able to build cars, planes, and spacecraft as a result of this. With 3D printing, we can now have the entire history of manufacture and distribution at our fingertips, perhaps in our own homes, for a few hundred dollars, and that changes everything.

In contrast to subtractive methods such as sculpting, 3D printing is an additive form of manufacturing. It employs digital blueprints or scans a three-dimensional object, saves the image as a digital file, and renders it layer by layer. The printer works with resins or liquified materials that can be sculpted into the desired forms before being solidified to create the printed structure; it can print whatever is a 3D object.

To better understand how 3D printing is a disruptive technology, we need to understand the following example:

If you’ve misplaced a button, So instead of going to the button store to replace a button on your favorite shirt, you can go online and download the button’s PDF and print it for yourself. For an industry like button-making to thrive, there must be sufficient demand to justify mass production. So, somewhere, a factory stamps buttons of all sizes and colors. Many people are working in this factory: production workers, engineers, accountants, executives, packaging, shipping, sales, and marketing. And if you can print off the same button you need from your computer, none of these jobs will be necessary; this doesn’t just apply to the button’s manufacturer. Retailers such as Amazon and Wal-Mart, which can provide buttons at the lowest rates due to economies of scale, become needless intermediaries. You can print a variety of parts we typically buy if you can print a button or a house. Items like furniture, appliances, musical instruments, car parts, dishes, tools, Etc. are all feasible with 3D printers, all of which can be customized to your specific size and preferences. Large corporations like Wal-Mart and Amazon will become less critical since the inventory of many items is no longer required. If you need something, please print it. It will be far less essential to go to Wal-Mart or wait for an Amazon delivery.

The ramifications aren’t only restricted to consumer products. Currently, technology exists to print seemingly unthinkable items in space, such as rocket parts. Medical developments, such as 3D printing of prosthetic devices and human organs, are being accelerated by technology. Bio-printing is a technique that allows cells from organ tissues to be printed onto bio-film and replicate organs like kidneys. This enables organs, such as kidneys, to be generated not only on demand but also by the patient’s cells who will receive the organ, ensuring a blood type and tissue match. We not only improve our chances of success by bio-printing our organs, but we also diminish or remove the requirement for donors. Many people are currently dying while waiting for organ donors who are compatible with them. By becoming our donors, we can fully reverse this trend. (Mooney, 2017)

In my opinion, the revolution of technology like 3D printing is improving people’s lives, making it easier than before. But, on the other hand, it is disrupting various businesses and other technologies, making it challenging for them to survive in the market if customers are going to produce what they need at their preferences and at home without the need to buy it at a retail store or online. Moreover, it will hinder the economy of countries and worldwide and increase the unemployment of workers, which will destroy the economic system and the societal system; hence, disrupting Humanity.

Reference:

Mooney, J. (2017, October 20). 3D Printing: The Next Major Disruptive Tech. Zenruption.com. https://www.zenruption.com/zentech/3/26/3d-printing-the-next-major-disruptive-tech 

ramzee :

As the years move on and everything becomes more and more advanced, we will start seeing some unbelievable inventions and products. With technology being the driving force behind all of this, there is so much more that mankind is going to discover and invent.

I believe that that invention of the 3D printer is a pure example of how far we have come and how far technology has come, an unbelievable invention which can “print” objects in the space of a couple minutes. I personally believe that it is so amazing.

Andress, S. (2020) was speaking about the benefits of 3D printing and how it has improved production at many companies and stated that, “3D printing has greatly affected the manufacturing industry as it has created a positive change for many companies. The use of 3D printing has allowed for huge costs reductions while being extremely efficient with resources”. 3D printing can be seen as a disruptive form of technology but I see it as a positive disruption because companies are now changing their methods in the way they produce their products and they are now opting for 3D printing because it is quicker, more efficient and reduces their cost of sales.

Andress, S. (2020) goes on to speak about the benefits of 3D printing and stated that, “The use of 3D printing has benefitted many companies that have adopted it where they have seen improvements in efficiency, human input, and increased productivity”.

Harris, E. (n.d) had previously spoken about previous forms of disruptive technology and said that, “Remember how great innovations in history were disruptive. Democracy disrupted monarchy. The car disrupted horse breeders. Email disrupted the postal service and the envelope manufacturers. Economies get disrupted by innovation and evolve. Few people are crying that Edison put lantern makers/sellers out of business”.

Many well-known forms of disruptive technologies in the past are inventions such as Virtual Reality, Cryptocurrency, and Wireless Internet etc.

References

Andress, S. (2020, July 27). The disruptive technological of 3d printing. ArcGIS StoryMaps. Retrieved September 21, 2021, from https://storymaps.arcgis.com/stories/bbf377b347424c8ab79684346105082e.

Harris, E. (n.d.). 9 amazing examples of disruptive Technology (inspired by the WTIA). Resultist Consulting. Retrieved September 21, 2021, from https://www.resultist.com/blog/9-amazing-examples-of-disruptive-technology-inspired-by-the-wtia. 

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California Miramar University

Differentiate between “push technology” and “pull technology.”  Name a company (other than those described in the textbook) that uses “push technology” and describe how the company uses it.  Do the same for a company that uses “pull technology.”

PROFESSOR’S GUIDANCE FOR THIS WEEK’S LE:

Twitter vs RSS

Twitter can be stressful in a way that RSS is not. Both are digital, but RSS is more active and Twitter is more passive.

RSS gives you content that you have deliberately subscribed to. Your Twitter stream contains updates from people you have chosen to follow, but also unwanted content. This unwanted content comes in several forms: unwanted content from people you chose to follow, retweets, and worst of all tweets that people you follow have “liked.” You can turn off retweets from people you follow, but you can’t avoid likes. Twitter also has ads, but I find ads less annoying than the other unwanted content.

When an item shows up in your RSS feed you make a choice whether to open it. But Twitter content arrives already opened, including photos. I’ll subscribe to someone’s RSS feed even if I’m interested in only one out of twenty of their posts because it is so easy to simply not read the posts you’re not interested in. But if you’re only interested in one out of twenty things people say on Twitter, then your stream is 95% unwanted content.

student 1 : jana

Push technology is a type of communication that takes place over the Internet when data is pushed from a server to a customer without the customer requesting it. Most push technologies have to be approved or subscribed by a customer. When customers approve a subscription, the product is delivered without any further approvals. If the server (sender) initiates the transfer and sends information (it can be, for example, a notification) to the client without receiving a request, the process is implementing push technology. For example, web sides use push technology to update the customer in real-time, such as News. In addition, web applications and electronic devices apps (computers, cell phones, tablets) use push technology to inform the customer about new available posts or send notifications that new content is available (N/A, 2019)1.

Pull technology delivers the content to many different types of devices and applications. The pull technology is defined by transferring information that is initiated by request sent from a customer to a server. If a customer goes to the Internet and starts to search for some website and the server opens the website for them – that is considered for pull technology because the customer initialed the content. For example, the content computer, cellphone, and tablets applications must be checked by the customer while using it; or the web application must be manually refreshed by the customer (N/A, 2019)1.

One of the companies that use push technology is Netflix. If the customers subscribe to this, then they will receive notifications on their cellphone or tablet that there are new series coming soon.

The company that uses pull technology is, for example, Kindle. The customer has to type the name of the book’s author, pay for it is applicable, and then the server will send the content to their E-reader.

References:

(N/A), (2019)1, What Is Push Technology? – Glossary Of Tech Terms, https://websitebuilders.com/how-to/glossary/push/

(N/A), (2019)2, What Is Pull Technology? The Explanation Is Surprisingly Easy, https://websitebuilders.com/how-to/glossary/pull/

student 2 : tinuke

Differentiate between “push technology” and “pull technology.” Name a company (other than those described in the textbook) that uses “push technology” and describe how the company uses it. Do the same for a company that uses “pull technology.”

What is Push technology?

Push technology is used to push out or expose a product to a target audience. Push technology is a trending software and service distribution; it can also be called webcasting. The user usually subscribes to a certain service supported by the web browser. (Bidgoli,2017). The user does not have to waste time or wait for the information to be delivered.

What is Pull technology?

Pull technology means the individual articulates the need before getting information, such as when a website is typed into Google or Firefox to enable the individual to access a certain website. It may not be the overall best for businesses; people hardly request marketing information. (Bidgoli,2017).

The difference between “push technology” and “pull technology

Pull technology does not deliver content automatically. Pull technology is not usually used for business to customer (B2C). It may not be easy to generate funds for companies looking for customer subscription. On the other hand, in push technology an individuals’ favorite web content can be updated and sent to the desktop or android phone. Push technology is effective for business to consumer (B2C) and business to business marketing (B2B). A food manufacturer can send the latest information on new organic products to all their dealers and customers. It is used in downloading antivirus updates. It delivers content to users automatically. It could be at specific dates or times. The company offering the service is the one doing the pushing most times. Push technology is used to improve customer relationships and customer loyalty as well as cash flow. (Abbasi et al., 2020). A difference in Push technology is that it cuts overload by automatically delivering very relevant information to a users’ desktops. (Hibbard, 1997).

Example of a company that uses push technology

Coca-Cola has a robust network, by utilizing push technology, it is used by the sales force and driving trade promotion money to push and capture the minds of intermediaries to activate them to become ambassadors who promote and sell the product to the last line of consumers.

Example of a company that uses push technology

An example is podcast hosting company sites such as Blubrry, Libsyn, and Buzzsprout; when a newer podcast episode is published to a really simple syndication feed, it stays on the server until a feed reader demands it. Another example is instant messaging and text messages.

References

Abbasi, Waqee A.; Ali, Tahir, (2020). Role of Augmented and Virtual Reality Marketing in Organizational Development. Journal of Marketing & Management, 11 (1), 1-19. https://gsmi-ijgb.com/wp-content/uploads/JMM-V11-N…

Bidgoli, H., (2017) MIS, 8th ed. Cengage Learning

Hibbard, J. (1997). Pull technology fights back. Computerworld, 31(21), 55-56. https://www.proquest.com/trade-journals/pull-technology-fights-back/docview/216054932/se-2?accountid=34773.

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California Miramar University

Differentiate between “push technology” and “pull technology.”  Name a company (other than those described in the textbook) that uses “push technology” and describe how the company uses it.  Do the same for a company that uses “pull technology.”

PROFESSOR’S GUIDANCE FOR THIS WEEK’S LE:

Twitter vs RSS

Twitter can be stressful in a way that RSS is not. Both are digital, but RSS is more active and Twitter is more passive.

RSS gives you content that you have deliberately subscribed to. Your Twitter stream contains updates from people you have chosen to follow, but also unwanted content. This unwanted content comes in several forms: unwanted content from people you chose to follow, retweets, and worst of all tweets that people you follow have “liked.” You can turn off retweets from people you follow, but you can’t avoid likes. Twitter also has ads, but I find ads less annoying than the other unwanted content.

When an item shows up in your RSS feed you make a choice whether to open it. But Twitter content arrives already opened, including photos. I’ll subscribe to someone’s RSS feed even if I’m interested in only one out of twenty of their posts because it is so easy to simply not read the posts you’re not interested in. But if you’re only interested in one out of twenty things people say on Twitter, then your stream is 95% unwanted content.

Peer posts:

jana

Push technology is a type of communication that takes place over the Internet when data is pushed from a server to a customer without the customer requesting it. Most push technologies have to be approved or subscribed by a customer. When customers approve a subscription, the product is delivered without any further approvals. If the server (sender) initiates the transfer and sends information (it can be, for example, a notification) to the client without receiving a request, the process is implementing push technology. For example, web sides use push technology to update the customer in real-time, such as News. In addition, web applications and electronic devices apps (computers, cell phones, tablets) use push technology to inform the customer about new available posts or send notifications that new content is available (N/A, 2019)1.

Pull technology delivers the content to many different types of devices and applications. The pull technology is defined by transferring information that is initiated by request sent from a customer to a server. If a customer goes to the Internet and starts to search for some website and the server opens the website for them – that is considered for pull technology because the customer initialed the content. For example, the content computer, cellphone, and tablets applications must be checked by the customer while using it; or the web application must be manually refreshed by the customer (N/A, 2019)1.

One of the companies that use push technology is Netflix. If the customers subscribe to this, then they will receive notifications on their cellphone or tablet that there are new series coming soon.

The company that uses pull technology is, for example, Kindle. The customer has to type the name of the book’s author, pay for it is applicable, and then the server will send the content to their E-reader.

References:

(N/A), (2019)1, What Is Push Technology? – Glossary Of Tech Terms, https://websitebuilders.com/how-to/glossary/push/

(N/A), (2019)2, What Is Pull Technology? The Explanation Is Surprisingly Easy, https://websitebuilders.com/how-to/glossary/pull/

tinuke

Differentiate between “push technology” and “pull technology.” Name a company (other than those described in the textbook) that uses “push technology” and describe how the company uses it. Do the same for a company that uses “pull technology.”

What is Push technology?

Push technology is used to push out or expose a product to a target audience. Push technology is a trending software and service distribution; it can also be called webcasting. The user usually subscribes to a certain service supported by the web browser. (Bidgoli,2017). The user does not have to waste time or wait for the information to be delivered.

What is Pull technology?

Pull technology means the individual articulates the need before getting information, such as when a website is typed into Google or Firefox to enable the individual to access a certain website. It may not be the overall best for businesses; people hardly request marketing information. (Bidgoli,2017).

The difference between “push technology” and “pull technology

Pull technology does not deliver content automatically. Pull technology is not usually used for business to customer (B2C). It may not be easy to generate funds for companies looking for customer subscription. On the other hand, in push technology an individuals’ favorite web content can be updated and sent to the desktop or android phone. Push technology is effective for business to consumer (B2C) and business to business marketing (B2B). A food manufacturer can send the latest information on new organic products to all their dealers and customers. It is used in downloading antivirus updates. It delivers content to users automatically. It could be at specific dates or times. The company offering the service is the one doing the pushing most times. Push technology is used to improve customer relationships and customer loyalty as well as cash flow. (Abbasi et al., 2020). A difference in Push technology is that it cuts overload by automatically delivering very relevant information to a users’ desktops. (Hibbard, 1997).

Example of a company that uses push technology

Coca-Cola has a robust network, by utilizing push technology, it is used by the sales force and driving trade promotion money to push and capture the minds of intermediaries to activate them to become ambassadors who promote and sell the product to the last line of consumers.

Example of a company that uses push technology

An example is podcast hosting company sites such as Blubrry, Libsyn, and Buzzsprout; when a newer podcast episode is published to a really simple syndication feed, it stays on the server until a feed reader demands it. Another example is instant messaging and text messages.

References

Abbasi, Waqee A.; Ali, Tahir, (2020). Role of Augmented and Virtual Reality Marketing in Organizational Development. Journal of Marketing & Management, 11 (1), 1-19. https://gsmi-ijgb.com/wp-content/uploads/JMM-V11-N…

Bidgoli, H., (2017) MIS, 8th ed. Cengage Learning

Hibbard, J. (1997). Pull technology fights back. Computerworld, 31(21), 55-56. https://www.proquest.com/trade-journals/pull-technology-fights-back/docview/216054932/se-2?accountid=34773.

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California Miramar University

For the Case Study 4: Paper 12 – Digital Transformation for Sustainability: A Necessary Technical and Mental Revolution page 179.

The First Case study is about the extent to which digital technology and innovations are transforming our economy and society. The foremost hurdle business leaders and managers face is how businesses can leverage digital transformation to support engagement with sustainability challenges. You are required to study this paper carefully and conduct independent research to provide an analysis of the underlying concepts driving digital technology and innovations that are transforming our economy and society. You are to look at today’s business environment from the following perspectives:

  1. social structures,
  2. political decision-making,
  3. general economic trends, and
  4. Organizational culture

You are to critically analyze the proposed integrated framework linking different levels of “digitalness” with necessary changes in managerial practice to support organizational inquiry.
Also, your additional research should provide your reader a thorough understanding of how management needs to transform to leverage digital technologies for an ongoing, learning-based engagement strategy.
Make sure you use research that is not older than 2020!

A. Identify the problem(s) in the situation presented in the scenario

B. Analyze the key issues within the context of the theory presented in the paper

C. Develop and compare alternative solutions to the problems through additional up-to-date research

D. Consider the advantages and disadvantages of various possible solutions

E. Select the best solution and make recommendations for action regarding Digital Transformation for Sustainability

Professor’s Guidance

For this assignment, following APA style Ver. 7.0, answer as comprehensively as possible the focus questions as described above.
This is a Group case Study. You have to divide the case study amongst your team members and provide one comprehensive case study for each group.

Please upload a Short PowerPoint Video presentation of your Group case study in addition to the case study paper. You have to use the Focal Case Questions as your guide in performing the required activities for the case study; please cover these questions (areas of emphasis) entirely and adhere to their requirements. These questions have to be answered. You can use Zoom, Jing, Youtube, Etc., to record your PPT presentation. Please upload it as a folder with written group LE and the presentation link.

Your case study needs to adhere to the rules of engagements set forth by the university:

The Case Study must be:

  1. 2,000 – 3,000 words in length (not including the references)
  2. Written in complete paragraphs
  3. Submitted in APA format
  4. All citations are indicated in-text and on the Reference page.
  5. Minimum 5 Citations are required.
  6. A video PowerPoint presentation (Should not be longer than 20 minutes and requires the participation of all group members is required)

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3 questions on this movie: 

  • You are required to respond to the following questions.  Your initial response must be thorough, and a minimum of 3-5 sentences for each question. 
  • Afterward, you are required to reply to three of your classmates.  Your response must be at least 3 sentences and cannot simply say, “good job,” or “I agree with you,” etc…  Your responses must be respectful of the opinions of others. 
  • To receive full points you must respond to the film and reply to three of your classmates.                                                            Here are the questions:  
  1. What was your favorite part of the film? Why? 
  2. What thoughts or feelings came to mind as you finished the film? 
  3. Did anything that happened in this movie remind you of something that has occurred in your own life or that you have seen occur to others? Be specific.

I will post the answer for the first question like this:

My favorite part of the film was the camping experience for persons living with disabilities at camp Jened. More specifically, when Larry Allison, director of the camp said that he wanted to dig some holes for people to fall or run into when they were running around. Considering that people in the camp were living with disabilities, the scene was symbolic of freedom to do anything. In this case, they were allowed to be themselves outside of their conventional lives. As a result, the campers’ experiences invoke a new form of societal attitudes towards all persons living with disabilities. These are reminiscent of isolation and discrimination challenges facing minorities in the US. The scene invokes reflections of a world in which human rights are protected. Other than reshaping society’s attitudes and way of thinking, the scene provides an avenue for deep moral reasoning on how humans should co-exist. Despite being social experimentation, it unearths the intricacies of living with a disability. 

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Two of the new trends in systems design and analysis is Extreme Programming (XP) and Agile Methodology.  Differentiate between the two.

For EACH method, name an organizational entity (business, government agency, etc.) that uses these methods and describe what they have done.  Do NOT use the examples identified in the textbook.    

PROFESSOR’S GUIDANCE FOR THIS WEEK’S LE:

Agile is the ability to create and respond to change. It is a way of dealing with, and ultimately succeeding in, an uncertain and turbulent environment.

Agile software development is an umbrella term for a set of frameworks and practices based on the values and principles expressed in the Manifesto for Agile Software Development and the 12 Principles behind it. When you approach software development in a particular manner, it’s generally good to live by these values and principles and use them to help figure out the right things to do given your particular context.

There’s a big focus in the Agile software development community on collaboration and the self-organizing team.

That doesn’t mean that there aren’t managers. It means that teams have the ability to figure out how they’re going to approach things on their own.

.

Be sure to proofread carefully (Use Grammarly – the premium version! Make sure your writing score is more than 90) and cite your sources (APA 7.0 ed).

by Jana Kmetova

Overall, extreme programming dates back to 1996, and it is one of the Agile Processes, and right from the beginning, it was successful in many industries. Extreme programming is teamwork-based and makes teams more productive with effective problem-solving. In addition, extreme programming improves communication, feedback, respect, simplicity, and courage, and keep a firm connection between customer and programmers. For example, one of the most common aspects of extreme programming is simple rules, where not aligned pieces are combined into one picture that can be easily seen (Wells, 2013). Wilson (2019, par. 1) states that “extreme programming is a form of agile framework where PMs get the best out of available resources in a software development environment.” Furthermore, Wilson (2019) describes that the company that uses extreme programming is IBM. While using extreme programming, the company is more productive, customer satisfaction increases.

On the other hand, agile methodology manages a company’s projects by splitting them into several phases – requirement, design, development, test, deploy and review. Overall, Agile helps a company to respond to their customer’s feedback better and fulfill their needs. Some of the principles that Agile methods are specific are; customer satisfaction through good software, close collaboration between business people and developers, measure the progress by the amount worked in the software, and simplicity. The advantage of agile methods is the predictability of costs and faster ROI. The process can be separated into parts that managers can easily assume the costs (Lucidspark, N/A). The company Apple uses the Agile Manifesto (12 principles that software developers should practice to guide their work), where Apple does not use a particular process but rather a set of values built on a respect for support and that carries out the best in customers. In this meaning, Apple is Agile (Denning, 2012).

The main difference between extreme programming and agile are

Extreme programming does not have intermediaries between the customer and the team

Extreme programming is focused on engineering solutions

Extreme programming is an Agile team without a strict structure

Extreme programming contain each small piece that has its performance

Resources:

Denning S., (2012, February 3) Is Apple Truly ‘Agile’, https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2012/02/03/is-apple-truly-agile/?sh=3d66f4e0641e.

Lucidspark, (N/A), Agile methodology: What it is, how it works, and why it matters,

https://lucidspark.com/blog/what-is-agile-methodol…

Wells D., (2013, October 13), Extreme Programming:

A gentle introduction, http://www.extremeprogramming.org

Wilson F., (2019, August 28), Extreme Programming in Agile – A Practical Guide for Project Managers, https://dzone.com/articles/extreme-programming-in-… 

by Hanan Irsheid

Extreme Programming (XP): is an incremental agile software methodology designed to improve the quality of software and its ability to appropriately adapt to the changing needs of the customer or client. It suggests twelve practices that include iterative development practices, automated unit testing, and pair programming. In the mid-nineties, Ken Beck, a software engineer, developed the Extreme Programming methodology when he was working on the Comprehensive Compensation System (C3) of Chrysler, which helped managing the company’s payroll. . In October 1999, he was able to publish the Extreme Programming Explained, detailing the entire method for others.

Like other Agile Methods of development, Extreme Programming aims to provide iterative and frequent minor releases all around the project, allowing team members and customers to inspect and review the project’s progress throughout the entire SDLC.

The Extreme programming (XP) has the following values :

Simplicity: The primary function of this process is to avoid waste and unnecessary things. To address only the requirements which are more familiar and you are well known to them.

Communication: We must have the skills to communicate and transfer knowledge from one team to another.

Feedback: A small review was given by seeing the work done by the web team previously. Based on that feedback, only the web team learns from those mistakes, and next time, they can perform well.

Respect: When we are in a team, we must respect each other and those decisions. We must give all equal priority.

Courage: We must have the spunk to raise the issues related to our organization which is the leading cause of reducing the team’s effectiveness. To stop all these, we need to have some courage. (Powell-Morse, 2017)

Practices of XP:

The Planning Game

Small Releases

Metaphor

Simple Design

Testing

Refactoring

Pair Programming

Collective Ownership

Continuous Integration

40-hour week

On-site Customer

Coding Standard (What is Extreme Programming (XP), 2018)

Ford Motor Company is an excellent example of a company that used Extreme Programming (XP). After suffering for four years to build its Vehicle Cost and Profit System (VCPS) using traditional waterfall methodology, which was unsuccessful, they could make it in less than a year using the XP. Ford has teamed with software company Pivotal in a three-year strategic collaboration that aims to help Ford’s developers adopt extreme programming that emphasizes pair programming, frequent releases in short development cycles, and extensive code review. (Olavsrud, 2015)

On the other hand, Agile software development is more comprehensive than Extrem Programming (XP). It includes software development methodologies based on iterative development, such as Scrum, Extreme Programming, or Feature-Driven Development (FDD). It exceeds the use of pair programming, test-driven development, stand-ups, planning sessions, and sprints practices. The values and the twelve principles of the Manifesto for Agile Software Development make up the basis of Agile software development frameworks and methods. Also, it emphasizes the collaboration between self-organizing cross-functional teams utilizing the appropriate practices for their context. (Agile Alliance, 2019)

Agile methodology promotes a disciplined project management process that encourages frequent inspection and adaptation. Using Agile software allows fast delivery of high-quality software as it is a business approach that aligns development with customer needs and company goals. Agile development refers to any development process that is aligned with the concepts of the Agile Manifesto. (Trapani, 2018)

Philips has adopted Agile principles after making numerous changes to its management structure. They introduced different Agile coaches to deploy Scrum principles such as Scrum boards. They also broke down teams into smaller ones to deal with situations in an agile manner. Following this strategy ended the bureaucracy, making it easier for these smaller teams to take responsibility for their respective products. (Velasquez, 2018)

References:

Agile Alliance. (2019, January 16). What is Agile Software Development? Agile Alliance; Agile Alliance. https://www.agilealliance.org/agile101/

Olavsrud, T. (2015, December 16). Ford draws on Pivotal to reshape developer culture. CIO. https://www.cio.com/article/3016017/ford-draws-on-…

?

Powell-Morse, A. (2017, November 2). Extreme Programming: What Is It And How Do You Use It? Airbrake Blog. https://airbrake.io/blog/sdlc/extreme-programming

Trapani, K. (2018, May 22). What is Agile/Scrum. CPrime; cPrime. https://www.cprime.com/resources/what-is-agile-wha…

?

?What is Extreme Programming (XP)? (2018, February 14). Agile Alliance; Agile Alliance. https://www.agilealliance.org/glossary/xp/

Velasquez, S. (2018, October 12). Real Life Examples of Agile Methodology. Growth Acceleration Partners. https://www.growthaccelerationpartners.com/blog/re… 

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Alpha Inc. a manufacturer of drones has recruited you as a financial consultant. The market for drones is growing quickly. The company bought some land three years ago for $2.1 million in anticipation of using it as a toxic waste dump site but has recently hired another company to handle all toxic materials. Based on a recent appraisal, the company believes it could sell the land for $2.3 million on an after tax basis. In four years, the land could be sold for $2.4 million after taxes. The company also hired a marketing firm to analyze the drone market, at a cost of $125,000. An excerpt of the marketing report is as follows:
The drone industry will have a rapid expansion in the next four years. With the brand name recognition that Alpha brings to bear, we feel that the company will be able to sell 3,600, 4,300, 5,200, and 3,900 units each year for the next four years, respectively. Again, capitalizing on the name recognition of Alpha, we feel that a premium price of $750 can be charged for each drone. Because drones appear to be a fad, we feel at the end of the four-year period, sales should be discontinued.
Alpha believes that fixed costs for the project will be $415,000 per year, and variable costs are 15 percent of sales. The equipment necessary for production will cost $3.5 million and will be depreciated according to a three-year MACRS schedule (see Table 6.4 of your textbook, BMA). At the end of the project, the equipment can be scrapped for $350,000. Net working capital of $125,000 will be required immediately. Alpha has a 38 percent tax rate, and the required return on the project is 13 percent.

What is the NPV of the project?

NOTE: Deliver you result on the excel sheet provided below. Make sure you document (comment) as necessary so anyone who looks at it can follow your work. You would be graded based on the numerical results.

Please use the upload button to submit your analysis.

NOTE:

  • explain your result in Post of 500-700 word answers in APA format
  • present not less than 10 pages in power point format

References

Applied Corporate Finance, 4th ed. Damodaran, Aswath Wiley. 2015ISBN-13: 978-1118808931

Principles of Corporate Finance, 10th ed.Brealey, R. A., Myers, S. C., & Allen, F.McGraw Hill Irwin. (2011).ISBN: 978-0073530734

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I need a tutor to help me write the requirements below about this topic : Database models 

MBA Final Research Paper Guidelines/Breakdown • Title page – 1%

A professional title page should be in line with Student APA v. 7.0 title Page specifications that includes:

o Title of paper
? Identify the main topics/concepts and relationship between concepts ? Theoretical issues under investigations
? Identify the case studied

o Name of each author
o Affiliation of each author
o Course name and number
o Instructor name
o Assignment due date
o page number
o Student APA v. 7.0 title Page

  • Table of Content – 1%
  • Abstract (150 – 200 words) – 4%Professional qualitative research abstract:

o Summarizes the significance of the study using the following requirement: ? Objectives

? Research findings
o Identify three to five keywords
o This should be written at the last stage of the paper compilation and should

provide the reader a gist of the paper.
? Limited to no more than 200 words including keywords ? Specific, clear, coherent, readable and concise

  • Keywords – 1%
    o Describe the most important aspects of your paper o Limited to three to five
  • Introduction (500 – 700 words) – 10% Description of research problem/question

o Frame the problem or question and its context
o Identify key issues and framework in the relevant literature to clarify barriers or

practical needs.
o The introduction may include case examples, personal narratives, vignettes or

other illustrative material Study Objective/Aims/Research

  • ?  State the purpose/goals/aims of the study
  • ?  Contribution of the researcher in the field of study should be provided inthe introduction

? Should provide the structure of rest of paper

  • Literature Review/Bibliography (300 – 500 words) – 5%Description of the way literature has paved the way for this particular research and in what order of significance. This section would be a justification of the foundational background of the research.
  • Method (500 – 1000 words) – 33% Research Design Overview – 13%

o Summarize the research design, including data collection strategies, data analytic strategies and if required, approaches to inquiry.

o Provide the rationale for design selected.
o Method section can be written in narrative or chronological format.

Data (sources) Collection (10%)

o State the form in which data (or sources) were collected o Describe the data collection process

Analysis- 10%

o Describe the methods and procedures used and their purpose/goal o Explain in detail the process of analysis with the rationale
o Describe the process of arriving at an analytical scheme
o Indicate software if used

Findings/Results (1,000 – 1,500 words)— 12%

o Present research findings compatible with the study design
o Present synthesizing illustrations in organizing and conveying findings.

Discussions (500 – 750 words) – 8%

o Describe the central contribution and their significance
o Identify similarities and differences from prior theories and research findings o Identify study’s strength and limitations
o Describe the limit of the scope of transferability
o Revisit any ethical dilemmas or challenges
o Consider the implication for future research, policy or Practice

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Learning Engagement # 2 

What is “big data”?  What are the most important drivers of big data? What could happen if companies focus solely on the quantitative (i.e., “numbers”) aspects of big data?  Explain.

PROFESSOR’S GUIDANCE FOR THIS WEEK’S LE:

Big Data is no longer just a buzzword; it is a proven phenomenon and not likely to die away soon. A recent IDC report predicts that the digital universe will be 44 times bigger in 2020 than it was in 2009, totaling a staggering 35 zettabytes.

Two factors have combined to make Big Data especially appealing
now. One is that so many potentially valuable data resources have come into existence. These sources include the telemetry generated by today’s smart devices, the digital footprints left by people who are increasingly living their lives online, and the rich sources of information commercially available from specialized data vendors. Add to this the tremendous wealth of data — structured and unstructured, historical and real-time — that have come to reside in diverse systems across the enterprise, and it is clear that Big Data offers hugely appealing opportunities to those who can unlock its secrets.

The other factor contributing to Big Data’s appeal is the emergence of powerful technologies for effectively exploiting it. IT organizations can now take advantage of tools such as Hadoop, NoSQL, and Gephi to rationalize, analyze and visualize Big Data in ways that enable them to quickly separate the actionable insight from the massive chaff of raw input. As an added bonus, many of these tools are available free under open source licensing. This promises to help keep the cost of Big Data implementation under control.

Post 1

salem

what is big data?

big data from recent releases that have emerged as a result of the recent trends in large

flow process knows the important data at the moment as it is working to produce

huge amount of digital data and data from social media and various puzzles and

tools in which we work or record or store it as many financial managers and providing

high-quality data services, modern organizations are trying to keep and store decision

(power,2016)

big data

big data has been defined as a large variety of big data that has a great deal of diversity and speed generating the need to develop large-scale and fast-moving cell and big data to help make decisions in the possible valuable extraction and knowledge of a wide range of institutions

(Elgendy,n.and elragal,A,2014)

-the most important drivers of big data engines

1- leadership: the organization must have the ability and capabilities to manage and use data properly

2- technical: where there must be multiple devices amount of data and speed of

completion and of the most famous programs dealing with big data

3- people with high skills have the ability to handle huge amounts of big data and

present it in a scientific and documented way to decision making

( mc Afee and Brynjolfson,2012)

what are the important drivers of big data?

-for quality and credibility: so that high-quality information and data can be used and

utilized in serving the organization making the right decision the company in improving its work

– fast-growing: so that it is greatly inflated as a result of active interaction with the

situations by individuals customers and beneficiaries must be quickly responded

to in the service the organization and achieve its goals

-data variable value: meaning that the same information and data can change several things and benefit them in multiple things

(AL Shehhi,2017)

-there are catalysts and drivers of large information depends on its continuity and

development

-building information strategies on analysis platforms

-ensure the quality and suitability of data with digital analysis systems

– development of work quality measurement mechanisms

-review and evaluate data collection systems and make recommendations for

their development in alife that suits the data and is it engine

(provost&fawcett,2013)

-what could happen if companies focus quantitative data and aspects of big data

-the heavy reliance on quantitative data only big data conflicts with real numbers are misleading and not heavily relied upon large amount data only unregulated and incorrect data spending a lot of money and inaccurate results

-https://www. wireless-world.com terminology advantages and disadvantages of big data

references

-power,d,j (2016) data science supporting decision-making

journal of decision system

-Elgendy, big data analytics in support of decision-making process,2014

-Al Shehhi, Hafez (2017) online course: introduction of big data science 11/11/2017

-mc Afee, A, Bryn Jolfsson & davenport, T, H (2012) big data the management revolution

Harvard business review

-provost,f, Fawcett, T (2013) data science and relationship to big-data-driven decision making big data

https://www.wireless-world.com terminology advantages and disadvantages of big data 

Post 2

On the topic of Big Data, Oracle (n.d) had previously stated that, “The definition of big data is data that contains greater variety, arriving in increasing volumes and with more velocity. This is also known as the three Vs. Put simply, big data is larger, more complex data sets, especially from new data sources. These data sets are so voluminous that traditional data processing software just can’t manage them. But these massive volumes of data can be used to address business problems you wouldn’t have been able to tackle before”.

I personally am not surprised by the fact that experts have calculated and predict that the digital world is just going to become more and more popular amongst many companies and the general public. We can see it in our daily lives how important technology has become to us, more and more of our life revolves around technology and it is only possible that eventually life is going to revolve strictly around technology.

Smith T. (2018) had previously stated, “The most important element is getting the data from the application to a place to process it. This drove the adoption of the data lake but that didn’t solve the entire problem. Customers have many different data sources – it’s hard to maintain master data references and you end up with a lot of duplication. The master data management (MDM) problem is a context that you can apply to the rest of the data. It’s the building block to AI/ML with big data. Bridge the gaps of sifting through data to make scientists and analysts more effective”.

I personally believe that if companies solely put their concentration and focus on quantitative data then the companies will have a more accurate idea of the all that is going on in their company from marketing to sales to income and expenses but the only problem is that this practice can be very hard if you do not have someone who has an extensive statistical background.

References

T. Smith (2018, November 15). Big Data Success Drivers – dzone big data.

https://dzone.com/articles/big-data-success-drivers

Oracle (n.d) What is big data?

https://www.oracle.com/big-data/what-is-big-data/

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want someone to rewrite these papers in new different words so I don’t get detected or get a plagiarismm

2 pages

FIN423Philip Morris Incorporated, Seven-Up AcquisitionComparing past acquisitions completed by Philip Morris, you start to notice a trend of purchasing large companies who have an established place in the market but who also have plenty of room to grow. Philip Morris’s intentions to acquire the Seven-up Company is a major effort to diversify their consumer goods since they rely heavily in the consumer market industry. Philip Morris’s. Looking at Seven-Up’s financial data, we can see that they the diversification and growth potential that Philip Morris looks for. Philip Morris targets large and strong compa-nies within various markets and industries. These companies should be able to greatly contribute to Philip Morris as a whole. They derive most of its business from the cigarette industry, which generates large and steady cash flows for the company. This allows them to acquire companies that may not have high returns in the beginning, but seem to have a hopeful long term potential.Philip Morris’smain concern is with the declining trend of cigarets which is their main stream of income. By expanding into other consumer product businesses, Philip Morris has the opportunity to offset these increasing losses. In regards to the third part of Philip Morris’s acqui-sition strategy, Seven-up does not expect to shrink anytime soon, however they dohave the po-tential to grow significantly in the long term. Phillip Morris has the ability to acquire Seven-upbut a main question could be if Seven-Up can grow to Philip Morris’s expectations. This how-ever can only be found out over time and if Seven-Up can take more market share then they cur-rently posses. A major key to Seven-Up’s growth can come from Philip Morris’s amazing mar-keting. They were able to acquire Miller who controlled only a small market share and turn them into a major player in the market.Philip Morris seeks companies within consumer goods market in order to synergize marketing expertise with the hopes of expansion. However, an aspect that is
just as big as seeing if Seven-Up is a right fit for Philip Morris is to find the cost on acquiring Seven-Up and how much Seven-Up thinks they are worth.The minimum price that Seven-Up should accept should be the fair market value (FMV) of their own company. In order to calculate the FMV you would need to find; their growth rate toproject their own sales, free cash flows, WACC, and the terminal value. Then you would need to calculate the WACC of Seven-up. To do this, the total debt and equity (which is given in the case), the risk free rate, the risk premium, and the interest rate on their debt will be needed. Onceyou calculate your total WACC, you will need to find the free cash flows for the company. By now using the WACC, you can find the present value for each free cash flow. You can now calcu-late the terminal value using free cash flows and WACC. Once all calculations have been made, the fair market value for Seven-Up can be found.Now to find the final price Philip Morris should pay relies on mixing it up a bit. You will need to calculate the fair market value of Seven-Up but this time using Philip Morris’s expected growth rate. This helps Philip Morris calculate the expected future sales for Seven-Up once they have been acquired. By using the new growth rate, you can follow the same method used previ-ously when solving for Seven-Up’s fair market value and terminal value all with the changed free cash flows. Once all is calculated, you should end up with the maximum price Philip Morris should be willing to pay to acquire Seven-Up.

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