- Basic Concepts in Pharmacology: What You Need to Know for Each Drug Class
- Ganong’s Review of Medical Physiology
- Pathophysiology of Disease: An Introduction to Clinical Medicine
Basic Anatomy and Physiology of Organ System Affected by Disease
- Provide an overview of the functions of the organ system and make note of any functions affected by the disease state.
- Discuss the basic structure and function of the parts of the organ system affected by the disease state. (This could be specific organs within a system and/or specific cell types affected by the disease).
Etiology (Causes), Risk Factors, and Diagnosis of Disease
- Describe the cause of the disease if known or describe the theories of causation for the disease.
- List and describe risk factors for the disease state (for example: high alcohol consumption increases incidence of the disease or having a certain allele puts a person at greater risk for disease development)
- Describe tests that lead to diagnosis of the disease.
- If there are specific values for the tests that signal diagnosis, list them.
- If there are multiple forms of the disease, compare/contrast them in this section.
Symptoms and Pathophysiology of Disease
- Describe the major symptoms of the disease state.
- Relate the symptoms back to the pathophysiology of the disease state (if the connection is known).
- Explain how the changes caused by the disease affect normal physiology of the body. (For example: In osteoporosis, osteoclasts have an activity increase that allows them to degrade bone matrix faster. This increased degradation causes a reduction in bone mineral density.)
Treatments for and Prevention of Disease
- Describe at least three different drug classes or treatments intended to either improve the symptoms of the disease or reduce/modify progression of the disease.
- Discuss the effect of the drug that improves the symptoms or modifies the disease state.
- List the common side effects of the drugs.
- Describe lifestyle modifications or other changes a patient can make to reduce the chance of disease progression of incidence of the disease.