APA format, include references including my reading attached (Schmalleger, F. J. (2012). Criminology today: An integrative introduction (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.) and in-text

APA format, include references including my reading attached (Schmalleger, F. J. (2012). Criminology today: An integrative introduction (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.)  and in-text citations please. 350 words are more

Ferracuti and Wolfgang extended their theory of subcultural violence with the following “corollary propositions”. Comment on one. You wil

l find these on page 176 of your text (17 of 26 of the online reading)

No subculture can be totally different from or totally in

conflict with the society of which it is a part.

To establish the existence of a subculture of violence does not require that the actors sharing in these basic value elements should express violence in all situations.

The potential resort or willingness to resort to violence in

a variety of situations emphasizes the penetrating and diffusive character of this culture theme.

The subcultural ethos of violence may be shared by all ages in a subsociety, but this ethos is most prominent in

a limited age group, ranging from late adolescence to middle age.

The counternorm is nonviolence.

The development of favorable attitudes toward violence and its use in a subculture usually involves learned behavior and a process of differential learning, association, or

identification.

The use of violence in a subculture is not necessarily viewed as illicit conduct, and the users therefore do not

have to deal with feelings of guilt about their aggression.

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