American Career Mangrove Ecosystems & Salt Marsh Ecosystem Carbon Sequestration Rate Report

Question Description

I want someone to write me a report and use the articles that I will post here on the report and use the outline that my professor gave me, thank you and everything you need is on these files below. The file written introduction is the outline that you need to follow in writing the report.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

• • • Introduction Big ideas: 1- Global warming 2- Carbon cycle: Ecosystems offsetting 3- Loss of Ecosystems: land use change, Climate change 4- Central Florida: Risks, Rise sea level, Costal development 5- Introduce coastal Ecosystems (Mangrove, Salt marches) 6- Mangrove and Salt Marches 7- Our study in Volusia county evaluating Carbon accumulations rates in M + MS 8- Our study assesses personal emissions. Hypothesis: I expect ……. Mangrove > marshes. Assessed how many acers you’d need to protect of either system to offset your emissions. Methods: 1- Field site: Ponce preserve (Ponce Inlet, Fl) Volusia county 2- Field Methods: 5m soil core Samples soils, different depths 3- Lap methods: Measured Volume Dry wit of soil (2 weeks of drying) 4- Data Analysis: Calculations Bulk density Carbon Content Carbon accumulation rates Carbon emission rates (your own which is number 1 mangrove and number 1 salt march) T-test to compare Mangrove V Salt march • Results: 1- Syringe Volume cm ID Mgv1 Mgv2 Mgv3 Mgv4 Mgv5 Mgv6 Mgv7 Mgv8 Mgv9 Mgv10 Mgv11 Mgv12 SM1 SM2 SM3 SM4 SM5 SM6 SM7 SM8 SM9 SM10 SM11 SM12 SM13 3 4.1 4.8 4 2.8 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.2 4 2.5 4 2.4 2 2.9 3.6 3.2 3.8 4.8 4 4.6 4.1 2 3 4.4 4.2 Container Dry Weight g g (subtract container) (use equation on graph) cm/yr (see 1st page) 1.74 0.081712948 0.155 1.97 0.085325154 0.155 1.26 0.120100974 0.155 1.1 0.090284374 0.155 1.58 0.101400399 0.155 1.55 0.100901229 0.155 1.5 0.098985276 0.155 2.93 0.042994102 0.155 1.21 0.126551289 0.155 0.99 0.089359676 0.155 2.36 0.053385457 0.155 0.68 0.137719416 0.155 0.35 0.256660245 0.0824 0.71 0.166324486 0.0824 0.71 0.219928144 0.0824 0.92 0.135146145 0.0824 0.97 0.157592335 0.0824 0.97 0.213117132 0.0824 2.29 0.055503175 0.0824 2.28 0.066864417 0.0824 1.87 0.074449391 0.0824 1.17 0.053975713 0.0824 0.97 0.116116876 0.0824 3.19 0.040907888 0.0824 2.41 0.055339576 0.0824 0.094060025 0.123994271 1.33 1.28 1.35 1.34 1.35 1.29 1.35 1.33 1.31 1.33 1.29 1.3 1.31 1.33 1.33 1.31 1.3 1.32 1.29 1.31 1.31 1.33 1.31 Carbon Estimate (decimal) Sedimentation Rate Bulk Density 3 Carbon Density -3 Carbon Accum. Rate g/cm (Dry wt/Vol.) g C cm (Carbon * Blk Dens.) g C cm-3 yr-1 (Carb. Den. x Sed. Rt.) 0.424 0.034678178 0.005375118 0.410 0.035018865 0.005427924 0.315 0.037831807 0.00586393 0.393 0.035468861 0.005497673 0.359 0.036411962 0.005643854 0.360 0.036371373 0.005637563 0.366 0.036214126 0.005613189 0.698 0.029993504 0.004648993 0.303 0.038281765 0.005933674 0.396 0.035386432 0.005484897 0.590 0.03149742 0.0048821 0.283 0.039020501 0.006048178 0.175 0.044915543 0.003701041 0.245 0.040720823 0.003355396 0.197 0.043374717 0.003574077 0.288 0.038854517 0.003201612 0.255 0.040227517 0.003314747 0.202 0.04306742 0.003548755 0.573 0.031775568 0.002618307 0.496 0.033141493 0.002730859 0.456 0.033956186 0.00279799 0.585 0.031575792 0.002601845 0.323 0.037544457 0.003093663 0.725 0.029658219 0.002443837 0.574 0.031754376 0.002616561 Mean C Accumulation Rate for Mangroves 0.005504758 Mean C Accumulation Rate for Salt Marsh 0.002991471 T-test p-value 1.87825E-13 C (decimal) 0.011554 0.011038 0.077298 0.101024 0.069671 0.042549 0.043417 0.042572 0.045021 0.018782 0.062928 0.091741 0.048971 0.28495 0.018597 0.046976 0.017418 0.060502 0.112611 0.048687 0.160982 0.159388 0.175681 0.181018 0.185234 0.201875 0.231465 0.186606 0.208011 0.143498 0.1905 0.168186 0.224503 0.204668 0.25568 0.197623 0.162506 0.145024 0.175131 0.16243 0.167098 0.155055 0.1785 0.251598 0.072606 C (%) 1.155386 1.103828 7.729845 10.10237 6.96708 4.254944 4.341713 4.257182 4.502102 1.878215 6.292806 9.174111 4.897131 28.49498 1.859656 4.697602 1.741839 6.050217 11.26112 4.868671 16.09824 15.9388 17.56812 18.10183 18.52342 20.18752 23.14651 18.66061 20.80112 14.34977 19.05004 16.81859 22.45032 20.46678 25.56801 19.76225 16.25061 14.50236 17.51314 16.24303 16.70978 15.50547 17.84997 25.15982 7.260583 Salt Marsh and Mangrove Surface 0.35 Organic Carbon (Decimal) Density (g/cm3) 1.06 1.06 1.04 0.668 1.08 0.791 0.761 0.244 1.07 0.591 0.546 0.502 0.632 0.308 0.574 0.4708 0.8287 0.4459 0.321 0.453 0.275 0.296 0.291 0.2857 0.272 0.25 0.25 0.2539 0.2394 0.22 0.259 0.272 0.258 0.218 0.234 0.228 0.248 0.232 0.258 0.223 0.22 0.202 0.22 0.224 0.3829 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 0 0.2 0.3581 0.3222 0.3429 0.2879 0.2161 0.1689 0.185 0.1667 0.1667 0.1705 0.1576 0.1565 0.165 0.1632 0.102557 0.028599 0.215328 0.161995 0.181542 0.207313 0.236007 0.279094 0.308943 0.310818 0.293 0.298396 0.317097 0.260987 10.25571 2.859902 21.53283 16.19953 18.15417 20.73128 23.60074 27.90936 30.89433 31.08181 29.29996 29.83964 31.70967 26.09871 arsh and Mangrove Surface Samples (n=59) y = 0.027x-1.292 R² = 0.6801 0.4 0.6 Bulk Density 0.8 (g/cm3) 1 1.2 Bulk Density (g/cm ) Calculating Carbon Emissions and Storage from Individuals and the Stetson Community and Campus Estimate Wood Volume 1) Choose 3 large oak trees with relatively large and straight trunks. 2) Treat each tree as a cylinder of wood. To calculate the volume of a cylinder, you need to know height and radius: V = h x  r2 3) To determine the height of the tree, use the tree height gauge and a transect tape to measure distance between you and the tree at the point where you can sight the tree through the scope on the leveled gauge. Be sure to add your own height to the distance. This should be in meters. 4) To determine the radius, wrap a “dbh” (diameter at breast height) tape around the circumference of the tree at chest height. This tape automatically converts the circumference to diameter. Divide the diameter in half to get the radius. This will be in centimeters. Convert to meters. (Be sure to square the radius, then, for the volume formula.) Oak cylinder volume (m3) = Height (m) x  x Radius2 (m) Estimate Tree Carbon Content Oak trees weigh, on average, 1240 kg per m3 of volume. How many kg of wood are in your tree? Mass of oak tree (kg) = Volume (m3) x 1240 kg/m3 Of that mass, 37.5% is Carbon. Mass of carbon in oak tree (kg) = Mass (kg) x 0.375 Tree # Height (m) Diameter (cm) Radius (m) Volume Estimate carbon in the emissions from your vehicle Mass % Carbon 1. Calculate how many gallons of fuel your vehicle burns through each year. Option A: How many miles do you drive each year? (Or, how many miles per month x 12) What is the average mpg of your vehicle? Miles driven per year / mpg = _________gallons Option B: How many times do you fill up your tank each year? (Or, how many times do you fill up each month x 12) How many gallons does your tank hold? # of fill-ups x tank capacity in gallons = ________ gallons 2. Calculate how much CO2 the fuel you use in your vehicle emits per year. For each gallon of gasoline, 8.93 kg of CO2 emitted into the atmosphere. For each gallon of diesel, 11.19 kg of CO2 is emitted into the atmosphere. How many kg of CO2 does your vehicle emit each year? Mass of CO2 from your vehicle = _____________ gallons x ___________kg/gallon = _____________kg 3. Extrapolate to Stetson community (3000 students + 500 employees), assuming that the average emissions for this class is representative of the Stetson community: Mass of CO2 emitted (kg) x 3,500 drivers = _______________kg Close the Loop on Carbon! 1. After estimating the amount of carbon stored in an average size oak tree, which we will assume is 50 years old, determine how much carbon was taken up each year (if uptake occurs at a constant rate). Average carbon mass in trees (kg) / 50 years = _____________ kg C / year 2. How many trees would you need to plant to take up the carbon that you emit each year from your vehicle? 3. How many trees does Stetson need to maintain to take up the carbon emitted from 3,500 students and employees? 4. How many trees are on the Stetson campus?? Measure # of trees in an acre. (4,047 m2) Point quarter method: Extend a transect tape 50 meters across a space. At 0, 25, and 50 meters points, measure the distance to the nearest tree in each quadrant defined by that point. Point Distance Point Distance Point 1 5 9 2 6 10 3 7 11 4 8 12 Distance Density (# of trees per m2) = 1/ (mean distance)2 Density (# of trees per acre) = __________________Density of trees per m2 x 4,047 m2/acre Do trees or wetlands store more carbon per acre? Gather data from the Thursday lab group who have assessed carbon storage capacity in wetland basins on the Stetson campus. Based on a comparison of your data with theirs, which ecosystem type stores more carbon? Reach back to your second lab report to review the current land use designations for the Stetson campus. Consider the areas that are currently in forest, those currently in wetlands (or retention areas), and those currently in other uses? Explore ways that Stetson could achieve NET ZERO CARBON EMISSIONS from student and employee vehicles? (Think about BOTH sides of the equations!) How else does Stetson (the physical campus and its students/employees) produce carbon emissions? How could those emissions be reduc

Place this order or similar order and get an amazing discount. USE Discount code “GET20” for 20% discount