according to kettner there are three major models of the budgetary process

Essay #1: According to Kettner, there are three major models of the budgetary process. Name and explain how these three models “work” by comparing and contrasting their major qualities. What are the rationale and focus for each? Suppose you were in a new agency position where you had to choose one of the three models for your Agency’s budgetary system.Which one would be the “safest” to choose and why? (From class discussion, text).

Essay #2: Both “APEX-PH” and “MAPP” yield an analysis of community health status and health needs. In brief, what does each approach include?How does each support either the medical model of needs assessment and planning, or the population health model? As discussed in class, what factor seems to determine which approach is chosen by each county? Pick one APEX-PH model and one MAPP model IPLAN (of the ten we profiled this semester) to illustrate this “determining” factor (you may choose DeKalb County’s IPLAN as one of

your two plans). Which approach to needs assessment is more comprehensive? Give three reasons why the more comprehensive method of analysis (MAPP) is more inclusive one, using your two chosen plans.

Essay #3:Strategic Planning has been a focus for class activity and learning this semester. Using the

outline of the Strategic Planning process provided in M. Shumaker’s class E-Lecture presentation

(Week 13), your Allison text, and class discussion, provide one example for each of the following elements:

(1) financial versus non-financial benefits of using Strategic Planning; (2) vision and mission statements;

(3) external threats and opportunities.Why are each of these elements important to strategic planning success?If any one of the three elements was missing from the process, what would likely happen to the process itself? (Discuss the importance of each element by itself).

Essay #4:Allison and Kaye, in their Strategic Planning text, outline four key concepts which define the practice of successful strategic planning attempts. The authors also discuss four additional “keys to effective strategic planning”, practical advice for the community planner, in their pursuit of sound planning strategies. How do these two lists of strategies and processes work together to help produce desired community results? Give at least four examples, one for each of the “key concepts” listed in the text.

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