Which of the following defines population? A A process that humans use to produce energy from sunlig

Which of the following defines population?

A

A process that humans use to produce energy from sunlight

B

All the members of a species living in a given area at the
same time

C

A biological community and its physical environment

D

A systemic objective way to study a problem

• Which of the
following defines a biome?

A

Acquisition of traits that allow an organism to survive in
its environment

B

All organisms of the same kind that are genetically similar
enough to breed in nature and produce live, fertile offspring

C

A broad, regional
type of ecosystem characterized by distinctive climate and soil conditions and
a distinctive kind of biological community adapted to those conditions

D

Matter is never created nor destroyed

• Which of the
following defines speciation?

A

The development of a new species

B

Living within the bounds of nature based on renewable
resources used in ways that does not deplete nonrenewable resources, harm
essential ecological services, or limit the ability of future generations to
meet their own needs

C

A group of individuals of the same species occupying a given
area

D

All organisms of the same kind that are genetically similar
enough to breed in nature and produce live, fertile offspring

• Which of the
following is NOT a key concept in conservation genetics?

A

The changes in gene frequencies that happen because of
random events

B

Minimum viable population size

C

Founder effect

D

The scientific method

• Which of the
following defines species diversity?

A

The number and relative abundance of species present in a
community

B

All organisms of the same kind that are genetically similar
enough to breed in nature and produce live, fertile offspring

C

A group of individuals of the same species occupying a given
area

D

Living within the bounds of nature based on renewable
resources used in ways that don’t deplete nonrenewable resources, harm
essential ecological services, or limit the ability of future generations to
meet their own needs

• Which of the
following is an explanation of why giraffes have long necks?

A

Natural selection

B

The scientific method

C

Ecosystem

D

Population

• Which of the
following defines an ecosystem?

A

Acquisition of traits that allow an organism to survive in
its environment

B

A specific biological community and its physical environment
interacting in an exchange of matter and energy

C

All organisms of the same kind that are genetically similar
enough to breed in nature and produce live, fertile offspring

D

A group of individuals of the same species occupying a given
area

• Which of the
following defines a species?

A

All organisms of the same kind that are genetically similar
enough to breed in nature and produce live, fertile offspring

B

A biological community and its physical environment

C

Acquisition of traits that allow an organism to survive in
its environment

D

The process of better-selected individuals passing their
traits to the next generation

• Which term involves
the application of principles of evolution and genetics to conservation
problems?

A

Natural selection

B

Conservation genetics

C

Ecosystem

D

Population

• Define founder
effect and provide one reason for it to be detrimental to the survival of the
founding population

Founder effect refers to a situation where a small
population establishes (or starts) a new species the population The negative
aspects of founder effect on a population may include heredity which involves
passing of genetically related characteristics to the younger generation which
may be unhealthy or unwanted such as health disorders, among others

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